Engineering and policy responses to climate change impacts on seaports
1 / 33

Engineering and Policy Responses to Climate Change Impacts on Seaports - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Engineering and Policy Responses to Climate Change Impacts on Seaports. CEE 129/229 Autumn 2009 Prof. Martin Fischer, CEE Prof. Ben Schwegler , Chief Scientist at Walt Disney PROF . Mike Mastrandrea , IPCC Austin Becker (Teaching Assistant), E-IPER. Overview.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Engineering and Policy Responses to Climate Change Impacts on Seaports' - micol

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Engineering and policy responses to climate change impacts on seaports

Engineering and Policy Responses to Climate Change Impacts on Seaports

CEE 129/229

Autumn 2009

Prof. Martin Fischer, CEE

Prof. Ben Schwegler, Chief Scientist at Walt Disney

PROF. Mike Mastrandrea, IPCC

Austin Becker (Teaching Assistant), E-IPER

Overview on Seaports

  • Introductions and Background

  • Project Overview - CEE SUPERSLR Work to Date

  • Seminar Speakers this Quarter

  • Grading

  • Project Examples

CEE 129/229

Engineering and policy responses to climate change impacts on seaports
Why? on Seaports

“Ports should effectively prepare for the impacts of climate change to ensure their role as the indispensable nodal points of global logistic systems.”

Resolution of the IAPH, Genoa, Italy May 2009

What would you do with your 1 investment
What would you do with your $1 Investment? on Seaports


R&D Design

R&D Construction

R&D Materials


Non-maritime business?




Concrete Plants

Climate change scenarios
Climate Change Scenarios on Seaports

  • Sea levels to rise .6 – 2 meters by 2100

  • Ocean storms to be more frequent and more intense

  • Ocean storm tracks to shift

  • Inland flooding to increase

Pfeffer, T. et al. Kinematic Constraints on Glacier Contributions to 21st-Century Sea-Level Rise. Science Sept. 5, 2008.

IPCC, 2007

CEE 129/229

Coastal development and ports
Coastal Development and Ports on Seaports

  • Over half of world’s population lives within 200km of the coast (UN, 2001)1

  • 35% coastal pop. growth projected between 1995-2025 (Columbia U.)2

  • 7.187 billion metric tons of seaborne trade in 2006 (AAPA)3

CEE 129/229

Impacts on ports
Impacts on Ports on Seaports


$2.4 Billion Damage

to Texas ports/waterways

Photos from Alabama State Port Authority


$100 Million in Damage to 3 MS Ports

$1.7 Billion in damage to Southern LA ports

CEE 129/229

Who should care about climate change impacts on ports
Who should care about climate change impacts on ports? on Seaports

Insurance Industry









Policy Makers and Regulators

CEE 129/229

Protective measures
Protective Measures on Seaports

CEE 129/229

The famous dutch deltaworks
The famous Dutch on SeaportsDeltaworks

  • 20 days after disaster first Deltacommission installed

  • Their mission: advise the government on the execution of a Deltaplan that would secure the safety of the Delta area in a sustainable way

    • BUT: without limiting access to Rotterdam & Antwerp

  • They gave out four ‘advices’ to the government including several types of water structures to be built: dikes, dams, storm surge barriers, sluices & locks.

Dikes on Seaports

  • First dikes temporarily restored with bags of sand, then restored to original strength and beyond.

  • Typical lay-out of a dike

Source: ProjectbureauZeeweringen, 2009

Engineering and policy responses to climate change impacts on seaports

Past on Seaports


  • More cost-effective, easy & safe solution: dams!

  • Generally built in two ways (can be combined):

    • using so-called open or closed ‘caissons’

    • using cableways and dropping concrete blocks in sea

Source: StichtingDeltawerken Online, 2004

Storm surge barrier

Past on Seaports

Storm surge barrier

  • Remember the BUT: safety without limiting access to Rotterdam & Antwerp storm surge barriers!

    • HollandseIJsselkering

    • Maeslantkering

    • Hartelkering

  • Exception: Oosterscheldekering environmental factors beat economic factors

    • Storm surge barrier instead of dam

    • Biggest project of Deltaplan

    • Movie!

Source: StichtingDeltawerken Online, 2004


Past on Seaports


  • Sluice? Water channel controlled at its head by a gate; to regulate water inflow or outflow; no boats!

    • Sluice in Haringvlietdam to let out excess water to sea

    • Sluice in Brouwersdam to let in salt water

    • Bath Drain Canal and Sluices

      • 8km long, 140m wide, 7m deep, 8.5 million m3 water/day

      • Built to assist Oosterschelde- kering and let out excess sweet water to Westerschelde (open estuary of Antwerp)

Source: screenshot from Google Maps


Past on Seaports


  • Lock? Device that raises/lowers boats between water of different levels on river and canal waterways

  • How does it work?

  • Locks located in dams on navigation routes

Source: Wikipedia, 2005

Project overview
Project Overview on Seaports

2 cm/year (≈2 meters by 2100)

Construction Capacity

1 cm/year (≈ 1 meter by 2100)

.03 cm/year (current rate)

  • Multidisciplinary Project started in Autumn 2007

    • What is the magnitude of a reasonable response to protect major coastal ports around the world from a significant SLR (in terms of cost, materials, labor, and time)?

    • How would a global effort on that scale compare to the current/projected capacity of the construction industry?

  • Past Quarters

    • Global Problem

      • Global Construction Capacity

    • Case Studies

      • Auckland

      • Bremen/Bremerhaven

      • Chennai

      • Galveston/Houston

      • Los Angeles/Long Beach

      • New Orleans


Current project status
Current Project Status on Seaports

  • Completed Case Studies

    • Auckland

    • Bremen/Bremerhaven

    • Chennai

    • Galveston/Houston

    • Los Angeles/Long Beach

    • New Orleans

  • Sebastian Program

    • Collects user-inputted data on ports around the world and can automatically generate a 'minimum credible design' to protect the ports from SLR based on user-defined criteria.

  • Global Construction Capacity

  • Survey of Port Directors

CEE 129/229

Methodology for case studies
Methodology for Case Studies on Seaports

  • Goal: evaluate and strengthen project by performing detailed case studies in different regions

  • Overall procedure:

    • Site identification

    • Conceptual design alternatives evaluation

    • Schematic design development

    • Incorporation of results in overall project

  • Tools have been developed to simplify the data collection and design element

CEE 129/229

Gis model
GIS Model Earth

“Automatically” determines protection length and average structure height

CEE 129/229

Sebastian geodata management system
Sebastian GeoData Management System Earth

Directly in Google Earth

Combines Port Characteristics, Port Polygons, and GIS Model

Adds new User Notes feature for collaboration

See the Wiki for details!

Global construction data availability
Global Construction Data Availability Earth

Good Availability Poor Availability

CEE 129/229

Survey of port directors worldwide
Survey of Port Directors Worldwide Earth

  • How are port administrators considering climate change impacts on their operations on the 50 year time horizon?

  • Are ports implementing adaptation strategies?

  • What climate assumptions are they basing their long range plans upon?

  • What information do they consider necessary to plan for facility maintenance and growth while addressing climate change in the coming 50 years?

  • Are certain categories of ports or port directors considering these issues more?

Coastal Zone 09

Analysis Earth



Port Info

Coastal Zone 09

Working group wiki
Working Group Wiki Earth

  • Project knowledge

  • Central working point for collaboration and sharing information

  • Work space for classes and students

Webmaster: Henning

CEE 129/229

Autumn quarter 2009
Autumn Quarter 2009 Earth

Seminar or Full Course

CEE 129/229

Engineering and policy responses to climate change impacts on seaports

Next Week Earth

Are We Future-Ready?

How Arup is responding to climate change impacts on ports

Francesca Birks, Nathan Chase, and Amy Leitch

Ports and harbors face a unique set of challenges and opportunities in adapting to climate change and mitigating the contributions resulting from construction and operations. With over 60 years of work in the built environment, Arup draws from experience and forward-thinking R&D to deliver innovative and sustainable designs, including a variety of maritime and waterfront projects.

This presentation will highlight some of the work of Arup Foresight + Innovation, case studies of coastal infrastructure projects, and a look ahead to some of the opportunities and threats brought about by the opening of the Northwest Passage to shipping.

CEE 129/229

Schedule Earth

  • Oct. 6 – Kris Ebi, Executive Director, IPCC Working Group II Technical Support Unit.

    Working Group II - Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability

  • Oct. 13 – Miguel Esteban

  • Port Investments Required for Climate Change Adaptation

  • Oct. 20 – Peter Wijsman (ARCADIS)

    Incorporating Climate Change in Infrastructure Engineering

  • Oct. 27 - Robert Muir Wood, VP of Research for Risk Management Solutions (RMS)

    Climate Change Catastrophe Modeling for the Insurance Industry

  • Nov. 3 - Ellen Johnk, Executive Director San Francisco Bay Planning Coalition

    Sea Level Rise Policy Implications for Bay Area Industry

  • Nov. 10 – Prof. Fred Raichlen, Professor of Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering, Emeritus, Caltech

    The Role of Harbor Resonance in Port Operations

  • Nov. 17 – Thomas Kendall, Chief, Planning Branch. US Army Corps of Engineers, San Francisco District.

    Planning for Sea Level Rise Within the Corps of Engineers

  • Dec. 2 – International Assoication of Ports and Harbors

    Planning for Long Term Climate Changes

  • Dec. 9 – 4 Credit students give final presentations

CEE 129/229

Grading breakdown
Grading Breakdown Earth

  • 2 Credits (credit/no credit) – Students are expected to attend all presentations and contribute to discussions. In addition, each student must:

  • Prepare a brief introduction to a speaker for the class. Introductions will be delivered the week prior to the selected speaker’s presentation.

  • Select readings for the class to help prepare for the selected speaker and generate two questions to help kick off post-presentation discussion.

  • Participate actively in the online discussion forum (at least 10 thoughtful posts).

  • Select one final project (see below) to peer review at the end of the quarter.

  • Students who miss a class will be asked to complete additional tasks at the discretion of the instructor. Missing or being late to more than one class will result in no credit.

CEE 129/229

Grading cont
Grading, Cont. Earth

  • 4 Credits (letter grade)– Students are expected to fulfill the requirements above, plus develop an independent project to be presented at the end of the quarter. Students must:

  • Attend all seminars and working sessions.

  • Choose one seminar presentation and write a 1-2 page response.

  • Develop an independent contribution to the larger project.

    • Examples

      • Undertake a case study

      • Expand significantly on an existing case study

      • Other projects considered upon approval of teaching team

    • Guidelines

      • 20-30 page report

      • Final presentation

      • Delivareables must be posted to the website

CEE 129/229

Case study example
Case Study Example Earth

  • Select one or more ports

    • Approximately 170 previously identified ports that have not been studied

  • Requirements

    • Written case study report, following the case study methodology (available online)

      • Site Identification and Design Conditions

      • Design Alternatives

      • Schematic Design

      • Integration with Overall Project

    • Final presentation on the case study

CEE 129/229

Other projects for 4 credits
Other Projects for 4 Credits Earth

  • Regional and global assessment of construction capacity and cost and availability of construction materials, equipment, and labor

  • Public outreach and dissemination of information

    • Web-based tools, Google Earth, conference presentations, et cetera.

  • Coastal protection structure design

    • Apply to multiple ports with similar characteristics worldwide

  • International policy and regulatory research on strategies for implementing port protection programs throughout the world

  • Parametric modeling in 3D and 4D

  • Economic strategies for funding and generating incentive structures for port protection programs

  • Hydrological modeling for extreme conditions in ports

    • Wave impacts, rain and/or river floods, storm surge, tsunamis, etc.

  • Report-writing on the state of knowledge

    • In climate change science, coastal engineering, experience of the Netherlands in coastal engineering, experience of Japan in coastal engineering, etc.

  • Environmental and ecosystem services impacts of global sea level rise and coastal protection strategies

  • Historical flood events, research into adaptation and mitigation strategies, costs, resource consumption data, etc.

CEE 129/229


Questions? Earth