Review Session Week of: 1/14/2014 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Review Session Week of: 1/14/2014

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  1. Review Session Week of: 1/14/2014 Chapter 1: History of Psychology AP Psychology

  2. Psychological Perspectives

  3. Key Terms • Biological • Cognitive • Humanistic • Behavioral • Psychoanalytic • Cross-Cultural • Evolutionary • Structuralism • Introspection • Nature vs. Nurture • Functionalism • APA

  4. Biological

  5. Cognitive

  6. Humanistic

  7. Behavioral

  8. Psychoanalytic

  9. Cross-Cultural

  10. Evolutionary

  11. Structuralism

  12. Introspection

  13. Nature vs. Nuture

  14. Functionalism

  15. Influential People • Wilhelm Wundt • G. Stanley Hall • Sigmund Freud • John B. Watson • B.F. Skinner • Abraham Maslow • Carl Rogers • Inez Prosser • George Sanchez • Mary Calkins • Margaret Washburn • LetaHollingworth

  16. History and Approaches Leadership, job satisfaction, and employee motivation are all studied in which of the following psychological disciplines? (A) Human factors psychology (B) Industrial-organizational psychology (C) Community psychology (D) Counseling psychology (E) Experimental psychology

  17. History and Approaches Which of the following approaches to psychology emphasizes observable responses over inner experiences when accounting for behavior? (A) Behaviorist (B) Cognitive (C) Existentialist (D) Psychodynamic (E) Structuralist

  18. History and Approaches Wilhelm Wundt and the structuralists studied questions still asked today primarily by • Behavioral psychologists • Cognitive psychologists • Psychodynamic psychologists • Humanistic psychologists • Sociocultural psychologists

  19. History and Approaches With which definition of psychology would John Watson and B.F. Skinner most agree? • Psychology is the science of behavior • Psychology is the science of mental behavior • Psychology is the science of behavior and mental processes • Psychology is the science of behavior and mental processes specific to contexts • Psychology is the extension of population

  20. History and Approaches The question “Is intelligence more influence by heredity or experience?” deals with a big issue in psychology known as • Stability vs. change • Mind-body dualism • Rationally vs. irrationality • Structure vs. function • Nature vs. nuture

  21. History and Approaches If Aristole and Locke, who both believed that what we know is acquired from experience, were alive today, they would best agree with the • Behavioral approach • Psychoanalytic approach • Humanistic approach • Biological approach • Psychodynamic approach

  22. History and Approaches Which psychological approach is most concerned with the importance of encoding, storing, and retrieving information? • Information technology • Behavioral approach • Psychodynamic approach • Biological approach • Cognitive approach

  23. History and Approaches Dr. Didden was hired by the TLC company to help retain its employees without lowering the firm’s profits. After TLC removed cubicles and permitted employees to decorate their workroom as recommended by Dr. Didden, the absentee rate declined and no employees left for jobs elsewhere. Dr. Didden is most likely to be • A forensic psychologist • An industrial/organizational psychologist • A counseling psychologist • A clinical psychologist • An engineering psychologist

  24. History and Approaches Carlos just moved to Duncanville from a small town and his parents were just divorced. He’s been having a hard time with life. Carlos might see a • Psychiatrist • Clinical psychologist • Counselor • Moe Sizlak

  25. History and Approaches Which of the following statements BEST reflects the current thinking about evolutionary psychology? • It is a widely accepted approach to the study of human behavior. • It is a simplistic rehash of ideas proposed by Charles Darwin over 140 years ago. • It is a radical perspective supported by a small group of “revolutionary”scientists. • It is a thought-provoking, innovative perspective that is rapidly gaining influence

  26. Answers • B • A • B • A • E • A • E • B • C • B