physical geography of sw central asia and n africa
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Physical Geography of SW & Central Asia, and N. Africa

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 22

Physical Geography of SW & Central Asia, and N. Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 135 Views
  • Uploaded on

Physical Geography of SW & Central Asia, and N. Africa. Ch. 17. Seas & Peninsulas. Arabian Peninsula Separated from Africa by Gulf of Aden & Red Sea Sinai Pen. & Suez Canal separate the land to the north/west Persian Gulf is on the east side. Gulf of Aden. Seas & Peninsulas.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Physical Geography of SW & Central Asia, and N. Africa' - michaela


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
seas peninsulas
Seas & Peninsulas
  • Arabian Peninsula
    • Separated from Africa by Gulf of Aden & Red Sea
    • Sinai Pen. &

Suez Canal separate the land to the north/west

    • Persian Gulf is on the east side

Gulf of Aden

seas peninsulas1
Seas & Peninsulas
  • Anatolia Pen.
    • Black Sea to N
    • Aegean Sea to W
    • Mediterranean Sea to S
    • Many straits connecting seas ($$)

Bosporus Strait

Aegean Sea

ANATOLIA

seas peninsulas2
Seas & Peninsulas
  • Strait of Gibraltar
    • Separates Africa from Iberian Pen.
    • Only a dozen

miles or so

wide

      • ‘gateway to

Africa’

seas peninsulas3
Seas & Peninsulas
  • Dead Sea
    • On Jordan River (border w/ Israel)
    • 8X saltier than any ocean- How come?
    • In the 50s
      • L= 262 m, W= 57 m
    • Today
      • L= 42 m, W= 11 m
slide6
Dead Sea: Lowest Point on Earth

2,300’ below sea level

HighestSaltContent(33%)

seas peninsulas4
Seas & Peninsulas
  • Caspian Sea
    • Largest inland/landlocked body of water (lake)
    • But it is salt water!! (remnants of larger sea)
    • Facing evaporation increases, decrease in

flow from feeder rivers,

and increase in irrigation/industry uses

seas peninsulas5
Seas & Peninsulas
  • Aral Sea
    • Use to be lg & have productive fishing
    • Shrunk drastically due to USSR draining it for irrigation
    • Ppl build sm. dams to create basins of freshwater from rivers
rivers
Rivers
  • Nile River
    • Longest in world
    • Flows NORTH to Med. Sea
    • 90% of Egyptians live in delta or along river (= 3% of land)
    • Faces great flood seasons  built Aswan High Dam for control

Aswan High Dam

slide10
Egypt: The “Gift of the Nile”

Nile Delta

Annual Nile Flooding

90% of the Egyptian people live on 3% of the land!

rivers1
Rivers
  • Tigris & Euphrates
    • Mesopotamia or ‘land b/w two rivers’; aka Fertile Crescent
    • Join to form Shatt al Arab
      • Border of Iraq &

Iran

      • Wars & treaties

over it

rivers2
Rivers
  • Wadis- dry streambeds that will fill with heavy rain  flash floods (seasonal)
    • Since they are typically arid, creates mud quickly dangerous mud flows

Wadi in Oman

plains plateaus mtns
Plains, Plateaus, & Mtns.
  • Since most is desert/steppe agricultural base = coastal areas of Med. Sea, Caspian Sea, & Persian Gulf
  • Atlas Mtns
    • Longest mtn

range

      • Stretches from

Morocco to Algeria

    • Northern side of Atlas allows for lots of agric. (farms, fishing, livestock)
      • Rainy side, Med. climate
plains plateaus mtns1
Plains, Plateaus, & Mtns.
  • Hejaz & Asir
    • West coast of Arabian Pen.
    • Rainshadow effect to Central Plateau
  • Caucasus Mtns
    • b/w Black & Caspian Sea
    • Seen as border b/w

European Russia

& Asia

plains plateaus mtns2
Plains, Plateaus, & Mtns.
  • Garagum (Karakum)-
    • Black sand desert, covers 70% of Turkmenistan
  • Qizilqum (Kyzyl Kum)-
    • Red sand desert in Uzbekistan & Kazakhstan

Use wide spaces for livestock

tectonic activity
Tectonic Activity
  • Meeting point of the African, Arabian, & Eurasian plates
    • Reason for mountainous terrain
    • Many earthquakes
      • Turkey 1999
      • Iran has 90% of land on faults
    • Landforms still Δing
      • Red Sea
natural resources
Natural Resources
  • Oil (petroleum) & nat. gas are region’s most abundant resources
    • 70% of world’s oil
    • 33% of world’s nat. gas
      • Reserves are still being discovered!
    • WWII sparked production as we moved to modern industry/reliance
slide20
Leading U. S. Oil Suppliers

The U. S. imports 30% of its oil needs from the Middle East.

natural resources1
Natural Resources

Completed Dubai Tower, Monday night

  • Why might such heavy dependence on oil be risky?
    • Many countries are now diversifying
      • UAE  banking, info. tech, tourism
      • Libya  infrastructure, fisheries
homework
Homework
  • Complete the Guided Reading for Ch. 17 Sec. 2
ad