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Boston Tea Party: • P - king George III, tea act, leads to intolerable acts • E - boycott, East India Trading Company • D - worsened relations with Great Britain • S - gained national recognition and more support for the war
John Locke: • P – influenced politicians, Declaration of Independence • E – • D – ideas influenced world, English bill of rights • S – Enlightenment thinking
Common Sense: • P – Thomas Paine, supported by George Washington, Attacked King George III • E – expressed Ideas that America freed would make for a economically better society • D – attacked King George III, leads to war • S – made people dislike the King specifically, gained support for the Rebel cause
Thomas Jefferson: • P – writer of Declaration, President • E – against taxes • D – hated King George and Great Britain • S – influenced peoples ideas about freedom
Declaration of Independence: • P – new government, independence • E – declared freedom from the taxes of Great Britain • D – formal freedom from Great Britain • S – formed a new country for fist time America believed to be formally free
Egalitarianism • P – Womans rights, Jim Crow Laws. • E – Requested fair pay. • D – The constitution says all men are created equal. • S – Woman wanted more rights and to be equal with men.
Treaty of Paris • P - Independence, war. • E – Economic stability to Western Europe. • D – Diplomatic stability to Western Europe. • S – Europe was able to gain more property and business land.
Yorktown • P – English and French defeated Cornwallis. • E – Independence • D – Great Britain surrenders to end war. • S – Self ruled.
Charles Cornwallis • For all of these, Political, Economical, Diplomatic, and Socially, Charles tried to destroy the American Revolution, he was the general behind the British army.
Marquis de Lafayette • P – Aided American battle. • E – Joined the struggle of the American Revolution. • D – Political ally of the American government. • S – Wanted to help in the American Revolution and volunteered along with some French leaders.
King George 3rd • P: Succeeded his grandfather in 1760; choose a financial expert to help deal with the debt. • E: Merchant =s vs. George • D: Showed countries they were having problems • S: Merchants felt unfairly treated
Sugar Act • P: pay lower tax; let violators be tried • E: Merchants vs. Government • D: showed other countries that taxes would be paid • S: lower tax; violators can get tried; new taxes
Stamp Act • P: tax on printed items; caused rebellions • E: colonists vs. law; S.O.L • D: showed countries they were dealing with their tax problems • S: rebellions
Samuel Adams • P: founder of S.O.L • E: led the men • D: showed countries they were having problems with people rebelling against the taxes • S: S.O.L vs. Taxes
Boston Massacre • P: Boston mob vs. Boston Solders • E: showed that the problems were getting serious • D: showed countries were dealing with serious rebellion issues • S: government and solders vs. citizens
Loyalists • P- the king stayed in power • E- if they won they would pay the king’s taxes • D- If the loyalists won, the colonies would stay • S- Loyalists were against Patriots
Patriots • P- the king had less support • E- if they won, then taxes wouldn’t be paid • D- if the patriots win, they had a better chance at independence • S- The French signed an alliance with America
Saratoga • P- it made France believe the patriots could win • E- France began to help America in fighting • D- other countries started to believe in America • S- French signed an alliance with America
Valley Forge • P- George Washington had to respond to the hardships and suffering of his men • E-2,000 soldiers died • D- it showed their suffering to other countries • S- the men lost confidence each other
P.E.D.S Project Elizabeth, Forrest, Meghan, Blaise
Articles of Confederation • P: Limits government power/ weak government; no unity between states • E: First set of laws stating what to pay for. • D: Set the foundation for future views and policies • S: Weak central government & little unity among states
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 • P: Made more states • E: Law for Northwest territory, lands west of the Appalachians: how much settlers could buy. • D: Destroyed relationship with native Americans • S: Changes population
Shay’s Rebellion • P: Wanted a stronger government • E: Stronger central government • D: Rebellion in our country gained the attention of many countries. • S: Twelve states sent delegates to a convention called by congress in Philadelphia in may of 1787
James Madison • P: President; wanted two houses • E: Fair representatives to large and small government • D: Showed U.S. was willing to make compromises • S: People objected to Virginia plan
Checks and Balances • P: keeps the branches equal • E: preventing one branch from domination another branch • D: keeps government from gaining to much power; results in a less powerful leader • S: Each state choose a number of electors equal to the number of senators & representatives that the state had in congress
Ratification • P: Agreement to make constitution flexible • E: Laws pertaining to constitution • D: Getting states to approve the constitution • S: Everybody began to disagree
Federalist • P: Equal power in government • E: Supporters of the constitution • D: Strong government would lead to future allies and foes/ views on society • S: Wrote a series of 85 essays defending the constitution
Antifederalists • P: Weak government; Against constitution • E: Did not like such a strong central government • D: Weak government views on society • S: Demanded a bill of rights.
Bill of Rights • P: Keeps government from infringing on peoples rights • E: Told citizens of freedom, religion, speech, press,& political activity • D: The foundation of U.S. views on society, basic idea of America. • S: Citizens got more rights
Judiciary Act of 1789 • P: Supreme court, Federal court & District court • E: Allowed state court decisions to be appealed to a Federal court, when issues were raised • D: Made sure everyone got a fair court, guilty until proven wrong • S: No matter what the supreme court says you have to go buy it.
Alexander Hamilton • P: George Washington's secretary of treasury • E: Secretary of the treasury • D: Secretary of treasure makes decision on money involving countries • S: The people trusted him with the countries money
Cabinet • P: Presidents chief advisors • E: Presidents chief of advisors • D: Advise president on decisions that effect foreign policies/ country • S: Made people feel safe because no one person had complete control
Two-Party System • P: One wanted strong government, other wanted weak government • E: differences in Washington’s cabinet . Gave rise to system • D: Split the nations view on society; power struggle over congress and laws. • S: Everyone was either on the federalists or Democratic Republicans.
Democratic-Republicans • P: Weak government with more state power • E: Jefferson’s vision sharer’s • D: Wanted more state power so they could keep slaves. (mostly southerners) • S: Strong state government
Protective Tariff • P: More money from taxes • E: Taxes on products revenue • D: Tax caused riots; many countries watched to see how the situation would be handled. • S: taxes in products/ manufacture, sale & distribution
XYZ Affair • P: Small navel war with France • E: Three French men that came to spy on U.S. • D: Tension between France almost lead to a full out war • S: Provoked a wave of anti-French feeling at home
Alien and Sedition Acts • P: Made the immigrants less of a threat • E: Raised requirements for American citizenship • D: Views for foreigners were put in place. U.S. was hypocritical to the Bill of Rights. • S: The federal government prosecuted & Jailed a number of Democratic- Republican editors publisher, & Politian's
Nullification • P: The states could nullify anything deemed unconstitutional • E: States right to consider void; any act of congress that they deemed unconstitutional • D: Dealt with citizenship/ foreign policies; power was given to states. • S: Showed that the balance of powers between the states & federal government remained a controversial issue.
Republic • P: Politicians are elected by people. • E: Lots of money spent on advertisement for elections. • D: Future foes and allies & policies/ ideas. • S: Many feared that a democracy placed power in the hands of the uneducated masses.