The Stirrings of Rebellion - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Stirrings of Rebellion
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The Stirrings of Rebellion

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  1. The Stirrings of Rebellion • The Stamp Act, the Intolerable Acts, Sons & Daughters of Liberty, Boston Massacre, Committees of Correspondence, Boston Tea Party, Thomas Paine’s Common Sense, 1st Continental Congress, and Battle of Lexington & Concord

  2. Colonies Organize to Resist Britain • March 1765 Parliament passed the Stamp Act which required colonist to purchase stamps for legal documents, license, newspapers, pamphlets and playing cards • Violators could be tried in vice-admiralty courts

  3. In protest, Sons of Liberty formed • Led by Samuel Adams- a powerful political activist • They began harassing stamp agents- (most resigned) • Patrick Henry- proposed many resolutions in the Virginia legislature • “Virginian’s can only be taxed by the Virginia assembly” • Boycotts- Act repealed in 1766

  4. 1767- Townshend Acts passes- taxed glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea • Agents seized Hancock’s ship, Liberty, triggering riots • 2,000 red coats stationed in Boston in response to riots

  5. Boston Massacre • March 5, 1770 mob in Boston taunted guards, an armed clash erupted, killing Crispus Attucks and 4 others dead • Committees of Correspondence- began in Mass. and Vir. to communicate with other colonies about threats to American liberties

  6. Tea Act passed in 1773 cut colonial merchants out of the tea trade • Dec. 16 1773 a group of Boston rebels dressed as Native Americans boarded 3 British East India Company ships dumping 18,000 pounds of tea into the harbor

  7. King George III in response to tea party passed Intolerable Acts in 1774 • Shut down Boston Harbor • Required quartering of soldiers (Quartering Act) • Thomas Gage- Commander of British forces was appointed governor of Mass. • Boston was placed under martial law

  8. Many were persuaded by a pamphlet titled Common Sense. In it, Thomas Paine blamed the colonists’ troubles on the king, not his government.

  9. September 1774, 56 delegates met in Philadelphia to draw up a declaration of colonial rights • This was the 1st Continental Congress; agreed to meet again in 1775 • Colonies began military preparation- Minutemen and stockpiling arms

  10. General Gage hears reports of weapons hidden outside of Boston • April 1775, British plan to seize weapons in Lexington and Concord • April 18, Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott spread word the British were coming

  11. April 19, 1775 British reach Lexington encountering 70 minutemen • Shot was fired-8 minutemen killed, British had 1 wounded • British marched to Concord 3,000 to 4,000 minutemen firing on the British Troops forcing them to return to Boston