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Symbolism: Connections to The Russian Revolution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Symbolism: Connections to The Russian Revolution. Symbolic Connections Background Allegory Symbolism of Characters. Animal Farm presents a terrifying picture of a world without personal freedom The story can be read on two levels: Beast fable History of Soviet communism

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The Russian Revolution

Symbolic Connections



Symbolism of Characters

Animal Farm presents a terrifying picture of a world without personal freedom

The story can be read on two levels:

Beast fable

History of Soviet communism

The pigs, Napoleon and Snowball, are symbolic of soviet leaders Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky

Historical Background

Soviet Political History

The Problem

Philosophies of Karl Marx

Orwell uses the plight of the Soviet nation as a powerful tool to condemn any political body that seek to gain total control over the masses.

Early 20th Century, a tiny minority controlled most of the country’s wealth

The working class rallied around political philosopher Karl Marx’s doctrine of “Workers of the world, unite!”

Historical Background, Continued

Marx’s Theory

The Russian Revolution

Stalin vs. Trotsky

Marx believed that when all property is commonly owned, everyone is equal.

Vladimir Lenin seized control of Russian and took land and industry from private control and put them under government supervision

After Lenin’s death their was an ugly struggle for power in Russia

Background, Continued

Stalin Takes Control

Control through Intimidation

Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky both jockeyed for control of the communist party, with Stalin coming out victorious

Stalin used his power in vicious and often demeaning ways—killing and imprisoning enemies

Background, Continued

Stalin’s Rule

It is estimated that millions of Soviet citizens were murdered while he was in power

The Soviet government began to crumble; economic plans failed; violence, fear and starvation gripped the Soviet nation

Animalism and communism


No owners, no rich, but no poor

Workers get a better life, all animals equal

Everyone owns the farm


Aristocracy and workers share and become one

All people equal

Government owns everything, people own government

Animalism and Communism

Animal revolution and russian revolution

Animal Revolution

It was supposed to make life better for all

Life was worse at the end

The leaders became the same as, or worse than the other farmers (humans) they rebelled against

Russian Revolution

Supposed to fix problems from Czar

Life was even worse long after revolution

Stalin made Czar look like a nice guy

Animal Revolution and Russian Revolution

Old major and karl marx

Old Major

taught Animalism

Believed animals needed to revolt; even the “lower” animals must come together

dies before revolution

Karl Marx

invented Communism

Believed in the maxim, “Workers of the world, Unite!"

dies before Russian Revolution

Old Major and Karl Marx

Napoleon and joseph stalin


not a good speaker, not as clever like Snowball

cruel, brutal, selfish, devious, corrupt

his ambition is for power, killed opponents

used dogs and Squealer to control animals

Joseph Stalin

not a good speaker, not educated like Trotsky

same as Napoleon, didn't follow Marx's ideas

cared for power, killed all that opposed him

used KGB, church, and propaganda (newspapers, media)

Napoleon and Joseph Stalin

Snowball and leon trotsky


young, smart, good speaker, idealistic

really wants to make life better for all

One of leaders of revolution

chased away into exile by Napoleon's dogs

Leon Trotsky

other leader of "October Revolution"

pure communist, followed Marx

wanted to improve life for all in Russia

chased away by Lenin's KGB (Lenin's secret police)

Snowball and Leon Trotsky

Squealer and propaganda newspapers


big mouth, talks a lot

convinces animals to believe and follow Napoleon

Changes and manipulates the commandments


worked for Stalin to support his image

used any lie to convince the people to follow Stalin

benefited from the fact that education was controlled

Squealer and Propaganda, Newspapers

Mr jones and czar nicholas ii

Mr. Jones

irresponsible to his animals (lets them starve)

sometimes cruel - beats them with whip

sometimes kind - mixes milk in animal mash

Czar Nicholas II

a poor leader at best, compared to western kings

cruel and sometimes brutal with opponents

Sometimes kind - hired students as spies to make $

Mr. Jones and Czar Nicholas II

The dogs and kgb

The Dogs

a private army that used fear to force animals to work

killed or intimidated any opponent of Napoleon

KGB (Secret Police)

not really police, but forced support for Stalin

used force, often killed entire families for disobedience

The Dogs and KGB

Boxer and the working class


strong, hard working horse, believes in Animal Farm

"Napoleon is always right", "I must work harder"

gives his all, is betrayed by Napoleon, who sells him

Working Class

people believed Stalin because he was "Communist"

many stayed loyal after it was obvious Stalin a tyrant

betrayed by Stalin who ignored and killed them

Boxer and the Working Class

Windmill and industrial revolution


the windmill was promised to make the animal's life easier

Shorten work week

Windmill Destroyed

Build new windmills

Industrial Revolution

'Five-Year Plan' was supposed to improve Soviet industry and increase production

It would allow the soviets to shorten the work-week

Plan failed miserably

Stalin kept churning out new 'Five-year Plans

Windmill and Industrial Revolution