Digestive System Vocabulary Review. The Living Environment - NYS 1.2 – The student should be able to describe and explain the structures and functions of the human body at different organizational levels (for example, systems, tissues, cells, organelles).
The Living Environment - NYS 1.2 – The student should be able to describe and explain the structures and functions of the human body at different organizational levels (for example, systems, tissues, cells, organelles)
Remember to wait for the vocabulary word to pop up! Can you guess it before it comes up?
This system’s function is to convert foods into simple molecules that can be absorbed and used by cells
Food that has been mechanically broken down
The tube that is the passageway from the mouth to the stomach.
The process of wave-like muscle contractions of the alimentary tract that moves food along.
Accessory organ that is located just above the stomach that produces bile (a fluid with lipids and salts)
Large muscular sac that continues the mechanical digestion of food
Three substance produced in the stomach to aide in chemical digestion
Food that has arrived at the stomach and is mixed with HCL and enzyme
Accessory organ that stores bile for release in the small intestine
Functions to the re-absorption of minerals, vitamins and water, as well as, digestion (finish digestion of proteins and carbohydrates). Between stomach and large intestine.
Accessory organ that secretes trypsin, lipase and amylase to aide in the breakdown of proteins, fats and starch
Organ that removes water from the undigested materials that pass through it. Collects waste (feces) and responsible for expulsion from the body.