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Digestive System Vocabulary Review. The Living Environment - NYS 1.2 – The student should be able to describe and explain the structures and functions of the human body at different organizational levels (for example, systems, tissues, cells, organelles).

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digestive system vocabulary review

Digestive SystemVocabulary Review

The Living Environment - NYS 1.2 – The student should be able to describe and explain the structures and functions of the human body at different organizational levels (for example, systems, tissues, cells, organelles)

Remember to wait for the vocabulary word to pop up! Can you guess it before it comes up?

PB 09

digestive system
Digestive System

This system’s function is to convert foods into simple molecules that can be absorbed and used by cells

bolus
Bolus

Food that has been mechanically broken down

http://www.nature.com/bdj/journal/v189/n8/thumbs/4800787-f5.jpg

esophagus
Esophagus

The tube that is the passageway from the mouth to the stomach.

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http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/gerinchildren/images/fullbody-LES2.gif

peristalsis
Peristalsis

The process of wave-like muscle contractions of the alimentary tract that moves food along.

http://img.tfd.com/vet/thumbs/gr294.jpg

liver
Liver

Accessory organ that is located just above the stomach that produces bile (a fluid with lipids and salts)

http://barrydean.files.wordpress.com/2007/09/liver2.jpg

stomach
Stomach

Large muscular sac that continues the mechanical digestion of food

mucus hydrochloric acid pepsin enzyme
MucusHydrochloric AcidPepsin (enzyme)

Three substance produced in the stomach to aide in chemical digestion

chyme
Chyme

Food that has arrived at the stomach and is mixed with HCL and enzyme

http://blog.lib.umn.edu/trite001/pstl1082anatomy/P1060735.jpg

gallbladder
Gallbladder

Accessory organ that stores bile for release in the small intestine

http://www.organ-ized.org/A4pancre.jpg

small intestine
Small Intestine

Functions to the re-absorption of minerals, vitamins and water, as well as, digestion (finish digestion of proteins and carbohydrates). Between stomach and large intestine.

http://www.scoe.com/images/Stomach1.jpg

pancreas
Pancreas

Accessory organ that secretes trypsin, lipase and amylase to aide in the breakdown of proteins, fats and starch

http://www.organ-ized.org/A4pancre.jpg

large intestine
Large Intestine

Organ that removes water from the undigested materials that pass through it. Collects waste (feces) and responsible for expulsion from the body.

http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2007/08/01/health/adam/8832.jpg