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Chapter 22. Community Justice. Community Justice. Definition of Community Justice A Philosophy of Justice A Strategy of Justice Programs How Community Justice Differs from Criminal Justice Neighborhoods Problem Solving Restoration Justice Reinvestment Overview of Differences.

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chapter 22
Chapter 22

Community

Justice

community justice
Community Justice
  • Definition of Community Justice
    • A Philosophy of Justice
    • A Strategy of Justice
    • Programs
  • How Community Justice Differs from Criminal Justice
    • Neighborhoods
    • Problem Solving
    • Restoration
    • Justice Reinvestment
    • Overview of Differences
community justice cont
Community Justice Cont.
  • Arguments for Community Justice
    • Crime and Crime Problems Are Local
    • Crime Fighting Improves the Quality of Life
    • Proactive Rather Than Reactive Strategies Are Needed
  • Problems of Community Justice
    • Impingement on Individual Rights
    • Social Inequality
    • Increasing Criminal Justice Costs
community justice1
“community justice”
  • a model of justice that emphasizes reparation to the victim and the community, approaching crime from a problem-solving perspective, and citizen involvement in crime prevention
collective efficacy
“collective efficacy”
  • mutual trust among neighbors, combined with willingness to intervene on behalf of the common good, especially to supervise children and maintain public order
community justice components
community justicecomponents

community justice

a strategy

a philosophy

  • more ambitious than traditional view of criminal justice;
  • concerned with quality of life in community
  • community policing
  • environmental crime
  • restorative justice
restorative justice
“restorative justice”
  • system of justice that seeks to restore the victim, offender and the community to a level of functioning that existed prior to the criminal event; seeks to repair the damage done (to all parties) by the offender’s criminal act
restorative justice approach typical programs
restorative justice approachtypical programs
  • crime mapping
  • citizen advisory groups re: crime priorities
  • citizen partnerships with justice agencies
  • justice actors are organized locally to enable more effective strategy formation
  • citizens and victims involved in sentencing
  • broad use of offender community service
what do they want
“What Do They Want?”
  • The Myth: People in poor communities want “bad guys” to be taken off their streets and sent to prison
  • The Reality: People in poor communities tell researchers that they want to be “safe,” but they also want their family members, even the ones involved in crime, to not have to go to prison
distinguishing community justice from criminal justice
distinguishing community justice from criminal justice

distinguishing features

focus is on neighborhood

(not legal jur.)

focus is on restoration

(not retribution)

focus is on problem-solving

(not adversarial)

arguments for community justice
arguments FOR community justice
  • Crime and crime problems arelocal
    • crime affects quality of life of the neighborhood; it is the neighborhood that is best positioned to and has the greatest stake in addressing crime
  • Crime fighting improves the quality of life
    • effort is to break the grip that crime has on the community
  • Proactive is better than reactive strategies
    • preventing crime is better than reacting to the damage it does to the victim and community
arguments against community justice
arguments AGAINST community justice
  • it jeopardizes individualrights
    • tendency toward vigilantism?
    • equality before the law vs. different community approaches to crime control
    • state’s role in criminal justice decreases
  • it exacerbates social inequality
    • community resources & political influence vary
    • communities with biggest need (worst crime problem) have fewest resources
  • it requires funds that are not available
    • traditional criminal justice increasingly costly
    • who pays for new focus? localities can’t afford
    • must shift costs within existing budgets