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Changes in Family & Consumer Sciences. Information gathered by Lucy Campanis Revised by Mikki Meadows EIU School of Family & Consumer Sciences. Home Economics: The Early Years. The Home Economics Movement was influenced by…… the need to create more educational opportunities for women,

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Changes in family consumer sciences

Changes in Family & Consumer Sciences

Information gathered by Lucy Campanis

Revised by Mikki Meadows

EIU School of Family & Consumer Sciences

Home economics the early years
Home Economics: The Early Years

The Home Economics Movement was influenced by……

  • the need to create more educational opportunities for women,

  • a concern to strengthen support for households and families, and

  • interest in the application of scientific principles to the home environment.

1910 s

Societal Conditions

  • Increasing industrialization

  • High immigration

  • Women’s suffrage movement

  • Increase of women in the labor force

  • Desire to mechanize the home

  • World War I

1910 s1

Professional Emphasis

  • Education was dominant

  • Increased need for institution management

  • Research focused on food selection for health and well-being

  • Involvement with national organizations and governmental agencies

1920 s

Societal Conditions

  • Decade of prosperity for majority population

  • Energy conservation

  • 19th Amendment

  • Focus on home activities and family

1920 s1

Professional Emphasis

  • Emergence of child development and parent education as a part of Home Economics

  • Increased application of art and design principles to clothing and home design

  • Thrust to improve the family

  • International expansion of Home Economics programs

1930 s

Societal Conditions

  • The Great Depression

    • growing social concerns

  • Economic recovery

    • Increased materialistic attitudes

  • Electrification

1930 s1

Professional Emphasis

  • Family relations important in college programs

  • Programs focused toward business and social arenas

  • Extension education broadened

  • Research broad

    • nutrient knowledge

    • housing

    • colorfastness in textiles

    • consumer expenditures

  • Nutrition education and school lunch programs

1940 s

Societal Conditions

  • WW II and recovery

  • Mass employment of white women

  • Expansion of women in the military

  • Conservation

  • Family interest in material possessions

1940 s1

Professional Emphasis

  • Career opportunities increased

    • Dietetics

    • Clothing-related design

  • Research into “convenience foods” and Recommended Dietary Allowances

  • Future Homemakers of America was created

1950 s

Societal Conditions

  • Decade of peace and prosperity for majority culture

  • Korean War

  • Civil unrest

  • Technological and economic growth

  • High employment

  • Reduced focus on work outside of the home for white women

1950 s1

Professional Emphasis

  • Expanding programs

    • Limited professional employment sought by many graduates

  • Research

    • cognitive growth in children

    • psycho-social aspects of clothing

    • institution management

  • Involvement in International programs

1960 s

Societal Conditions

  • Era of changing social values

  • Concern for disparities of poverty/wealth

  • Civil Rights Movement

  • Growing Women’s Movement

    • Predominately middle-class white women

  • Viet Nam War

  • Ecological concerns

1960 s1

Professional Emphasis

  • “Compensatory” programs – Head Start

  • Increase in minority & male involvement in college Home Economics faculties

  • Expanded specialization in college programs

  • Professionals active in Women’s Movement

1970 s

Societal Conditions

  • Equal rights and opportunities for all became vogue

  • “Human Movement” rather than “Women’s Movement”

  • Smallness of the world

  • Interdependence of “haves” and “have-nots”

1970 s1

Professional Emphasis

  • Standards

  • Accreditation of college programs began

  • Increased number of males in secondary programs

  • Interdisciplinary efforts in education and research

  • Research sophistication increased

    • emphasis on improving the life of individuals and families in a complex and changing society

1980 s

Societal Conditions

  • Increased emphasis on technology

  • Globalization

  • Social reform

  • Changes in employment

  • Increase in drug use

  • Focus on issues of violence

  • Family and work issues

1980 s1

Professional Emphasis

  • Professional certification began

  • Reconceptualization of the discipline

  • Increased activity in public policy

  • Emphasis on family and work issues

1990 s

Societal Conditions

  • Increase in technology

    • personal life & workplace

  • Use of the Internet

  • Workplace diversity

  • Health concerns

    • HIV/AIDS

  • Decrease in commitment to the environment

  • Political activity

1990 s1

Professional Emphasis

  • Name change to Family and Consumer Sciences

  • Family issues

  • Recruitment to meet increasing teacher shortage

Ellen h richards
Ellen H. Richards

Chemist specializing in sanitation at MIT

Leader of the Lake Placid Conference

Founder of Home Economics

First President of the American Home Economics Association