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Public Policy and Federal Legislation

Public Policy and Federal Legislation

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Public Policy and Federal Legislation

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  1. Public Policy and Federal Legislation Influences on the Development of Family and Consumer Sciences Information gathered by Lucy Campanis Revised by Mikki Meadows EIU School of Family & Consumer Sciences

  2. What Is Public Policy? • Rules or regulations at the local, state, or federal level of government-the public sector • Formalization of societal preferences

  3. Public Policy Issue • Point of concern for which there are varied opinions • Seldom clear-cut right or wrong solutions • Opinions are generally based on value judgments • Neutral • proposed solutions may be positive or negative, based on different perspectives

  4. Public Policy and the Family • Families are affected by public policy through • Government regulations • Government services • Families affect public policy when they • Are informed about issues • Actively participate in the policymaking process

  5. Formation of Public Policy • Legislation • Agency regulations

  6. The Role of the Professional • Be informed about issues • Monitor the legislative process • Provide information to policymakers • Interpret policy • Educate families and individuals

  7. AAFCS and Public Policy • Monitors public policy affecting families and the discipline • Identifies policy issues on which to focus • Informs members - keeps them updated • Provides information (testimony) to legislators

  8. The direction and structure of Family and Consumer sciences, as well as the body of knowledge of the discipline, have been affected by a variety of federal acts and research initiatives.

  9. 1862 – Morrill Land Grant Act • 1867 – Office of Education • 1875 – First Experiment Station • Directed by W. O. Atwater • 1887 – Hatch Act • Agriculture Experiment Stations

  10. 1894 – Congress votes funds for Human Nutrition research • 1912 – Children’s Bureau • Department of Commerce and Labor • 1914 – Smith-Lever Act • Funds for Cooperative Agriculture Extension • 1915 – Home Economics Specialists added

  11. 1917 – Smith-Hughes Act • Funds for vocational education in public schools • 1923 – Bureau of Home Economics established in the United States Department of Agriculture • 1925 – Purnell Act

  12. 1957 – Bureau of Home Economics became the Institute, emphasizing • Human nutrition • Household economics research • Clothing and housing research • 1963 – Vocational Education Act • 1970 – National Goals and Guidelines

  13. 1984 – Carl Perkins Vocational Education Act • 1986 – AHEA received funds to support public policy • 1990 – Vocational and Applied Technology Act (Carl Perkins Act II) • 1995 – School to Work Act

  14. Many pieces of legislation are related to education. Identify legislation which has impact on: • families • basic areas of family and consumer sciences • professional practice