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  1. Do Now: What do you think makes the United States unique?

  2. CST Review American and French Revolutions

  3. American Revolution CAUSES • Self government • Taxes - Debt from French Indian War • Mercantilism - Limits on trade • Enlightenment Ideas

  4. American Revolution EFFECTS • Declaration of Independence Based on Enlightenment ideas • Right to Rebel • Natural Rights

  5. American Revolution EFFECTS • Constitution Based on Enlightenment ideas • Separation of Powers • Checks and Balances • Consent of the Governed • Bill of Rights Based on Enlightenment ideas • Free speech and religion • Rights of the accused

  6. French Revolution CAUSES • Class structure - society divided into three estates 1st estate – clergy - Owned 10% of land, did not pay taxes 2nd estate – nobility - Owned 20 % of land, did not pay taxes 3rd estate – everyone else • 97% of population, paid all taxes • No influence in government

  7. French Revolution CAUSES • Debt • Pay for lifestyle of king • Pay for American Revolution • Enlightenment Ideas • Weak leader • King Louis XVI

  8. The Revolution 1789- 1815

  9. The Moderate Stage (1789-91) • Louis XVI calls Estates General to deal with debt • Third Estate form the National Assembly • Tennis Court Oath – write a constitution • Declaration of the Rights of Man – Bill of Rights based on Enlightenment ideas • France becomes a Constitutional Monarchy • Limit power of king • End nobility • Government control Church

  10. The Radical Stage (1792-94) • France invaded • Louis XVI executed • France declared a Republic • Reign of Terror = enemies of republic executed • Guillotine • Led by Robespierre

  11. The Reactionary Stage 1795-1814 • Napoleon takes power in a coup d’etat • Declared Emperor of France • Restores nobility, church • Reformed laws • Free speech limited • Women’s rights restricted • Slavery restored in colonies

  12. French Revolution EFFECTS • Revolutions in Latin America • Inspired by Enlightenment ideas • Enabled by French defeat of Spain • Led by Simon Bolivar

  13. French Revolution EFFECTS • Monarchy restored • Spread of Nationalism • French citizens fought for country, not King • Spread of Enlightenment ideas • liberty, democracy • Congress of Vienna • Redraw map of Europe to contain France • Balance of Power in Europe

  14. Independent Station • Quizlet Review – French Revolution • File Cabinet Week 32

  15. Collaborative Station • Create a Venn Diagram comparing American and French Revolutions • Write a paragraph that answers the following question: Which revolution do you think was more successful? Explain why? • Provide specific examples to support your argument