Identifying and Understandingthe Segments of theAnimal Science Industry
Exploring the Dog Industry Lesson
Student Learning Objectives • Explain the biology and physiology of dogs and terms used to describe dogs. • Describe classes and breeds of dogs. • List factors to consider when selecting a dog.
Bitch Carnivore Companion animal Grooming Herding hound Hound Housebreaking Litter Monogastric Puppy Sporting dog Stud dog Terrier Toy breed Training Whelping Working dogs Terms
Explain biology and physiologyof dogs and terms used to describe dogs. Objective #1
What are some terms used to describe dogs and their systems? • Companion animals - domesticated animals kept by humans for relationships on a long-term basis. • Carnivore - a meat or flesh-eating animal. • Monogastric -an animal with only one stomach compartment. • Endothermic - keeps a constant body temperature.
What are some terms used to describe dogs and their systems? • Bitch - mature female dog. • Stud dog or sire - mature male dog. • Whelping - process of a bitch giving birth. • Puppy - immature dog of either sex. • Litter - group of puppies born to same parents.
Dog Facts • Dogs have been used as companion animals for over 10,000 years. • Most dogs eat processed dog food, they are carnivores by nature. • Dogs are monogastric. • Canis familiaria is their scientific name. • Dogs are in the family of Canidae, that is why sometimes called canines.
Dog Facts • Dogs have a skeleton of over 320 bones. • Large breeds have larger bones than the smaller breeds. • Dogs are endothermic. • Dogs can weigh from less than 6 pounds to over 200 pounds at maturity depending on the breed.
Describe classesand breeds of dogs. Objective #2
What are the classesand breeds of dogs? • There are approximately 300 dog breeds. • The American Kennel Club (AKC) does the classification and record keeping on dog breeds. www.akc.org • Based on use and characteristics, seven classes of dogs have been identified. • It is helpful to review before selecting a breed that will suit you and your needs.
Herding Dogs • A dog that is easily trained to help with herding animals like sheep and cattle. • Important to give a lot of space because they need to run often. All photos were downloaded from the American Kennel Club
Sporting Dogs • Dogs used for sporting purposes like hunting. • Some breeds used for retrieving, finding, and scaring out game animals.
Working Dogs • Dogs that are used by people to help get something done like protection of property, sled pulling, and police work.
Hound • Dog used for tracking because it has a good ability to follow scents. • Used by hunters to locate game animals and by law officials to track lost people or people that have escaped from confinement.
Terriers • Dogs that dig into the ground to capture their prey. • There are 25 breeds recognized by the AKC.
Toy Breeds • A name describing a class of dogs that weigh between 4 and 16 pounds. • Live longer • Easier to keep in a small area because of their size.
Non-sporting Breeds • Dogs that were developed for purposes other than sports.
Review • What are some terms used to describe dogs and their systems? • What are the classes and breeds of dogs?