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MAO’S RED CHINA

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  1. MAO’S RED CHINA China Under Communist Rule The Cultural Revolution, 1966-1969

  2. WHICH ROAD TO FOLLOW? • Earl 1960s: 2 Paths? Moderates vs Mao • 1962: Socialist Education Movement • Education Movement to “Clean Up” China • Party Resistance to Mao’s Campaign

  3. DEVELOPING HIS POWER BASE - SUPPORT FOR MAO • Mao’s Pleas to Deaf Ears • Support from the Military • The Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong” The Little Red Book • Mao Launches the Attack Against Reactionaries - The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution

  4. THE RED GUARDS • Cultural Revolution’s Impact on School Children • Formation of the RED GUARD • Red Guards Campaign Against the “4 Olds” • Use of Violence

  5. TO REBEL IS JUSTIFIED • Mao Encourages Red Guards - Bombard the CCP Headquarters! • PLA Supported Red Guards • Red Guards Run Wild • Murders, Torture, Public Humiliation

  6. THE CULT OF MAO • Mao Take Control • The Little Red Book Everywhere…Image Everywhere • Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping Expelled, Liu Imprisoned • Schools Re-Opened • PLA Stops Red Guards from Using Violence…Mao Tries to Stop Them • By 1969, Order Restored

  7. WHAT WERE MAO’S MOTIVES FOR THE CULTURAL REVOLUTION? • Re-asserting Authority in the CCP • Move Against the Bureaucratization of the Party • Make a Change Before His Death • Restore the CCP’s Revolutionary Zeal

  8. WHY DID MAO RETREAT FROM THE RADICALISM? • Purges and Violence Went Too Far? • Emergence of Shanghai People’s Commune Dangerous • Chaos at an Inappropriate Time? • Purges to Extend to PLA?

  9. WHAT WERE THE RESULTS OF THE CULTURAL REVOLUTION? • Revisionists (Moderates) Defeated • Cult of Mao Achieved • Great Human Loss of Intellectuals • Massive Migration to the Countryside • Re-education Campaigns • Education Massively Disrupted • China Became Further Isolated