Poetry Terminology. English 10-2. Imagery. Words or phrases that stimulate one of the five senses (hearing, taste, touch, smell, sight). Simile and Metaphor. He eats like a pig (simile) He is a pig (metaphor). Personification. “The trees danced in the wind”.
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Poetry Terminology English 10-2
Imagery • Words or phrases that stimulate one of the five senses (hearing, taste, touch, smell, sight)
Simile and Metaphor • He eats like a pig (simile) • He is a pig (metaphor)
Personification • “The trees danced in the wind”. • “The sun winked at me behind the clouds”.
Symbol • A word or object that represents something else. • Heart represents love.
Paradox • A statement that seems contradictory but actually expresses a truth. • I hate that I love him.
Hyperbole • I’m so hungry I could eat a horse. • He is as big as an elephant.
Verbal Irony • A person says/writes one thing but means another. • Sarcasm
Dramatic Irony • The reader/audience knows something that the characters do not.
Apostrophewhen someone absent, dead or non-human is addressed as if it were alive or present • The Sun Rising John Donne Busy old fool, unruly sun, Why dost thou thus, Through windows, and through Curtains call on us? Milton! Thou shouldn’t be living at this hour
Allusion • A reference to a person, place, or event in history or other piece of literature. • Bob’s lack of motivation was his Achilles heel.
Assonance • The repetition of vowel sounds in words. • The cat and the antsy animals frantically swam away.
Free Verse • A poem that has no rhythm pattern or rhyme scheme.
Onomatopoeia • Sizzle • Splash • Woosh
Haiku • Snow falling slowly • Blanketing the trees and road • Silence and beauty
Understatement • A statement which lessens the importance or severity of a situation. • The opposite of exaggeration (hyperbole). • A man about to be executed states: I’m going out for a walk. I may be out for quite some time. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zKhEw7nD9C4
Rhyme and Meter • Rhyme: words that sound the same • Meter: a pattern of rhyme and rhythm • Ex. Iambic pentameter
Denotation and Connotation • Denotation: • The literal or dictionary definition meaning of a word. • Snake – what is a snake? • Connotation: • The implied meaning of a word. • Snake- evil/danger
Stanza • A group of lines in a poem. • Categorized by the number of lines: • Two lines = Couplet • Three lines= Tercet • Four lines = Quatrain • Five lines = Cinquain • Six lines = Sestet • Seven lines= Septet