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Poetry Terminology. Allusion – a reference in literature to a person, event or literary work Antithesis – balancing or contrasting of one term against another (Fair is foul; foul is fair… Art is long and Time is fleeting)

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poetry terminology
Poetry Terminology
  • Allusion – a reference in literature to a person, event or literary work
  • Antithesis – balancing or contrasting of one term against another (Fair is foul; foul is fair… Art is long and Time is fleeting)
  • Apostrophe – the addressing of someone or something, usually not present, as though present
poetry terminology2
Poetry Terminology
  • Assonance – repetition of vowel sounds without repetition of consonants
  • Chorus – the repetition of a line of phrase of a poem at regular intervals, especially at the end of each stanza (May be called a refrain)
  • Conceit – a fanciful poetic image, especially an elaborate or exaggerated comparison. A poem or passage consisting of such and image.
poetry terminology3
Poetry Terminology
  • Connotation – creating associations while also using explicit definitions
  • Consonance – the repetition of consonant sounds within a line of verse
  • Denotation – dictionary definition
  • Dissonance – the auditory experience of sound that lacks musical quality; sound that is a disagreeable auditory experience, “modern music is just a noise to me” [syn: noise = racket] 2:disagreeable sounds [ant.: harmony]
poetry terminology4
Poetry Terminology
  • Hyperbole – exaggeration for effect and not meant to be taken literally
  • Imagery – the words or phrases a writer selects to create a certain picture in the reader’s min, usually based on sensory detail.
  • Litotes – understatement for effect especially such understatement in which something is expressed by a negation of the contrary (not a few regrets)
  • Metaphor – a figure of speech containing an implied comparison, in which a word or phrase ordinarily and primarily used of one this applied to another (all the world’s a stage)
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Poetry Terminology
  • Meter – rhythm in verse; measured, patterned arrangement of syllables, primarily according to stress of length
    • Foot – a group of syllables serving as a unit of meter in verse
    • Iambic foot – verse containing one unaccented syllable followed by one accented one
    • Anapestic foot – consists of three syllables with the stress on the last syllable (unstressed, unstressed, stressed)
    • Dactylic foot – contains three syllables with the stress on the first syllable (stressed, unstressed, unstressed)
    • Spondaic foot – a metrical foot of two long or accented syllables
    • Pyrrhic foot – a metrical foot of two short or unaccented syllables
    • Monometer – having a single meter
    • Dimeter – a line of verse containing 2 metrical feet
    • Trimeter – a line of verse containing three metrical feet
    • Tetrameter – a line of verse containing four metrical feet or measures
    • Pentameter – a line of verse containing five metrical feet or measures
    • Hexameter – a line of verse containing six metrical feet
    • Heptameter – a line of verse containing seven metrical feet
    • Octometer – a line of verse containing eight metrical feet
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Poetry Terminology
  • Mood – the feeling a piece of literature arouses in the reader; happiness, sadness, peacefulness
  • Motif – an often repeated idea or theme in literature
  • Oxymoron – a combination of contradictory terms (Jumbo shrimp, tough love, cruel kindness)
  • Paradox – a statement that seems contrary to common sense, yet may, in fact, be true
  • Point of View – the vantage point from which literature is told
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Poetry Terminology
  • Refrain – the repetition of a line or phrase of a poem at regular intervals, especially at the end of each stanza (may also be called chorus)
  • Repetition – the act of repeating something over and over again
  • Rhyme – a piece of verse, or poem in which there is a regular recurrence of corresponding sounds, especially at the ends of line
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Poetry Terminology
  • End Rhyme – a regular recurrence of corresponding sounds at the ends of lines
  • Internal Rhyme – rhyming of words, within a poem, of which at least one word does not fall at the end of a line
  • Feminine Rhyme – where the last syllable on the line is unstressed
  • Masculine Rhyme – end rhyme where the last syllable is stressed
  • Triple Rhyme – when the last three syllables of a word or line rhyme (victorious and glorious; battering and shattering)
poetry terminology9
Poetry Terminology
  • Rhythm – flow, movement, procedure, etc. characterized by basically regular recurrence of elements or features, as beat, to accent, in alternation with opposite or different elements of features
  • Simile – a comparison of two unlike things in which a word of companion (like or as) is used
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Poetry Terminology
  • Stanza – a division of poetry named for the number of lines it contains
    • Couplet – two lines of verse that rhymes a,a
    • Triplet – a group of three successive lines of poetry, usually rhyming
    • Quatrain – a stanza of poem of four lines, often rhyming abab, abba, or abcd
    • Quintet – a stanza of poem of five lines
    • Sestet – a group of six lines of verse
    • Septet – a group of seven lines of verse
    • Octave – a group of eight lines of verse
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Poetry Terminology
  • Symbol – a person, place, thing, or event used to represent something else
  • Syntax – the ordering of words into meaningful verbal patterns such as phrase, clause, and sentences; poets often manipulate syntax, changing conventional word order, to place certain emphasis on particular words
  • Theme – the statement about life a particular work is trying to get across to the reader
  • Tone – the overall feeling, or effect, created by a writer’s words. May be serious, mock-serious, humorous, or satirical
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Poetry Terminology
  • Verse – a sequence of words arranged metrically in accordance with some rule of design; single line of poetry
    • Blank verse – unrhymed form of poetry; each line normally consists of ten syllables in which every other syllable, beginning with the second, is stressed
    • Free verse – poetry without regular meter, rhyme, or stanzaic form
    • Rhymed verse – consists of verse with end rhyme and usually with a regular meter