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  1. Terminology The Nervous System

  2. 1.Autonomic Nervous System 2. Cerebrum 3. Central Nervous System (CNS) 4. Cerebellum

  3. 5. Cerebrospinal fluid 6. Hypothalamus 7. Medulla oblongata 8. Meninges 9. Midbrain

  4. 10. Nerves 11. Nervous System 12. Neuron 13. Parasympathetic 14. Peripheral Nervous system 15. pons

  5. 16. Somatic nervous system 17. Spinal cord 18. Sympathetic 19. Thalamus 20. Ventricles

  6. 21. ALS 22. MS 23. CVA 24. CP 25. “fight or flight”

  7. Autonomic Nervous System

  8. Part of the peripheral nervous system. Controls involuntary functions of the body.

  9. Cerebrum

  10. The largest and highest section of the brain responsible for reasoning, thought, judgment, speech, sensation, sight, smell, hearing and voluntary body movement.

  11. Central Nervous System

  12. Consists of the brain and spinal cord

  13. Cerebellum

  14. Responsible for muscle coordination, balance, posture, and muscle tone

  15. Cerebrospinal fluid

  16. Clear fluid that acts as a shock absorber to protect the brain and spinal cord.

  17. Hypothalamus

  18. Regulates and controls the autonomic nervous system, temperature and appetite.

  19. Medulla Oblongota

  20. The lowest part of the brainstem that regulates respiration, swallowing, coughing, and blood pressure

  21. Meninges

  22. Three membranes that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord.

  23. Midbrain

  24. Responsible for conducting impulses between brain parts and for certain eye and auditory reflexes.

  25. Nerves

  26. A combination of many nerve fibers located outside the brain and spinal cord.

  27. Nervous System

  28. A complex, highly organized system that coordinates all the activities of the body.

  29. Neuron

  30. Nerve Cell

  31. Parasympathetic

  32. A division of the autonomic nervous system. Counteracts the actions of the sympathetic system. Slows heart rate, decreases respirations, lowers BP, and increases activity in digestive tract.

  33. Peripheral Nervous System

  34. Consists of the nerves and has two divisions: somatic nervous system and autonomic nervous system.

  35. pons

  36. Responsible for conducting messages to other parts of the brain for chewing, tasting, saliva production and assisting with respiration.

  37. Somatic Nervous System

  38. Carries messages between the CNS and the body

  39. Spinal Cord

  40. Continues down from the medulla oblongata and ends at the first or second lumbar vertebrae. Responsible for carrying messages.

  41. Sympathetic

  42. Prepares the body for times of emergency. Increases heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure, and slows activity in the digestive tract

  43. Thalamus

  44. Acts as a relay center and directs sensory impulses to the cerebrum

  45. Ventricles

  46. Hollow spaces that connect with each other

  47. ALS

  48. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease) a chronic, degenerative neuromuscular disease

  49. MS

  50. Multiple Sclerosis. A chronic, progressive disabling condition