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Cardiovascular Disease . Risks & Prevention for Young Adults. Kristen Hinners. Cardiovascular Disease is Heart Disease. Heart Disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Higher Risk of Heart Disease:. High Blood Pressure High Blood Cholesterol Family History

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cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular Disease

Risks & Prevention for Young Adults

Kristen Hinners

slide2

Cardiovascular Disease is Heart Disease

Heart Disease is the

leading cause of death in

the United States

higher risk of heart disease
Higher Risk of Heart Disease:
  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Blood Cholesterol
  • Family History
  • Diabetes
higher risk of heart disease1
Higher Risk of Heart Disease:
  • Smoking
  • Poor Eating Habits
  • Lack of exercise
  • Obesity or Overweight
  • Age
coronary artery disease
Coronary Artery Disease
  • Coronary Artery Disease Video
conditions of cardiovascular disease
Conditions of Cardiovascular Disease

Arteriosclerosis

Atherosclerosis

Angina

Heart Attack

Stroke

arteriosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis

Hardening of the arteries

Arteries are no longer flexible

Can Damage Organs due to poor blood circulation

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/

atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis

Arteries narrower

Fat and cholesterol build up called plaques

Restricted blood flow

  • Complications:
      • Stroke
      • Heart Attack
      • Damage Organs

http://arteriosclerosis.org/

angina
Angina

The condition when the heart does not get the needed amount of blood

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/angina.html

heart attack
Heart Attack
  • myocardial infarction

Blood supply for the heart is blocked

Not enough oxygen

Artery dies permanently

http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases

stroke
Stroke

When a part of the brain does not get enough blood and dies as a result

http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases

treatment test
Treatment & Test
  • Angiography
  • Angioplasty
  • Bypass Surgery
angiogram
Angiogram
  • Catheter inserted into by an incision in the arm or groin
  • Internal view of the heart
  • One-Two Hours Long
  • Your Awake during the test

More on Coronary Angiogram

angioplasty
Angioplasty
  • Preformed during an angiogram
  • Small balloon placed inside artery to spread out plaque
  • Restores proper blood flow
  • A stent or wired tube may be placed and left in artery
risks of angiogram
Risks of Angiogram
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Blood clots
  • Heart attack or stroke
  • Seizures
  • 1 in 500 will have serious complication which may result in death
coronary bypass surgery
Coronary Bypass Surgery
  • Open Heart Surgery
  • Bypass coronary arteries with the use of arteries from somewhere else in the body
  • Many incision throughout the body
  • Cut open ribs to operate
coronary bypass surgery1
Coronary Bypass Surgery
  • Approximately a week in the hospital
  • Two to four weeks of home rest
  • 4% of patients have serious complications
  • Very painful
prevention
Prevention
  • Be mindful of diet
  • Be physically active
  • Know your risks
  • Keep your cholesterol and blood sugar at a healthy level
  • Don’t Smoke
  • Reduce Stress