Welcome To The APES FRQ 90 minutes 4 Questions 40% of your grade
APES FRQ has 4 types of question • Document-Based • Read and respond to an article • Read the article, underline key facts/info • Answer with timely information (current events) • Cite specific examples • Often has a debate portion (present the pros and cons of something)
B. Data Analysis • Draw/interpret/explain a table or graph • Design an experiment • Look for patterns and trends, and explain them • Extrapolate data or apply the information in some way • Sometimes includes an experimental component (remember your lab reports, and don’t panic
C. Synthesis & Evaluation Type 1 • The math question! • No calculators permitted • Show ALL your work, use scientific notation, and remember UNITS (no “naked numbers”) • No double-jeopardy (you get partial credit for wrong answers in multi-step questions) • No work shown = no points (even if answer is correct) • You can usually earn at least 4 points without getting ANY of the math correct (so DON’T skip it!)
D. Synthesis & Evaluation: Type 2 • A regular essay • Analyze and evaluate something in great depth • Draw exclusively upon your memory • Provide specific examples from current events and
General Guidelines • Read the whole question and answer ALL parts • APES is NOT the same as AP English • Don’t spend too much time on any single part • Structure your response the same way as the questions • Ex. write “2 a) i)” at the start of that section • Use complete sentences • 1 word answers = ZERO points • Write large and legibly • Many of the readers are OLD…. • Assume nothing – give ALL the details • Pretend the reader knows nothing about anything…
Tips & Strategies • Answer the questions in this order: • Data Analysis • Document Based • S&E Essay • S&E Math • Doing this will help jog your memory on subsequent questions • If you are asked for ONE example, ONLY your first answer will be graded….so make it good!
Key Terms to Recognize • Environmental Consequences • Specific Animals/Plants/Ecosystem/Abiotic factors • NOT human health effects… • Economic Consequences • Money or Jobs • NOT human health effects… • Societal/Human Health Consequences • People, Society, Toxicity • Government/Agency “Actions” • Enforce, regulate, tax, educate, fine…
Key Terms continued… • “List…” • Concise statements • Don’t waste time writing too much detail • “Describe…” • 2 or 3 sentences • Use specific vocabulary and give examples • “Explain…” or “Discuss…” • Elaborate reasoning • Use specific vocabulary and give examples
Scientific Writing • This is not an English FRQ • Get to the point and be specific • Use specific scientific vocabulary • Don’t use the “P” word or the “R” word • Avoid generalisms and vague phrases • Ex. “…the pollution will be bad for the environment” (what pollution, why is it bad, in what environment?) • Avoid scaremongering and fatalism • Ex. “…the toxins will destroy life-forms and kill the planet. There is nothing we can do.”
You are NOT a poet… • No introductions or conclusions needed • No plot or paragraph structure needed • No protagonists, conflicts or love interest! • No frills or cutesy ideas! • Scientists just want the answer, clearly stated • It is VERY annoying reading and waiting for a student to finally get to the point….
You Have 90min to do 4 Q’s • Approximately 22mins per question • If you get stuck on something, move on to another section and go back to it at the end • Time Management Tips • spend 1-2 min highlighting verbs and outlining • spend 16-19 min writing (don’t erase mistakes: just score through them with a line and keep going) • Spend 1-2 min PROOF-READING