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FRQ. Part A: primate city is the largest city in a country AND is more than twice the size of the next largest. Rank-size rule: The nth largest settlement is 1/n of the largest. The third largest settlement is 1/3 of the largest.

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Frq
FRQ

  • Part A: primate city is the largest city in a country AND is more than twice the size of the next largest.

  • Rank-size rule: The nth largest settlement is 1/n of the largest. The third largest settlement is 1/3 of the largest.

  • Mexico City is a primate city and does not follow the rank-size rule.

  • Total: 3 points


Two positive effects of primate cities on economic development 2points
Two positive effects of primate cities on economic development. (2points)

  • Advantages of agglomeration of economic activity.

  • Large market for goods and services.

  • Ability to offer high-end goods and services (including education) because of larger threshold

  • population.

  • Advantages of enhanced flow of information and ideas in large population.

  • Advantages of centralized transportation and communication network.

  • Global trade opportunities; primate cities can compete on a global scale and attract foreign investment.


Two negative effects of primate cities on economic development 2points
Two negative effects of primate cities on economic development. (2points)

  • Unequal distribution of investments deters national economic development.

  • Unequal economic and/or resource development.

  • Unequal distribution of wealth and/or power.

  • Transportation network (hub and spoke) prevents equal accessibility to all regions.

  • Impact of centrifugal forces and difficulties of political cohesion on economic development.

  • Brain drain — migration and unequal distribution of education, entrepreneurship, opportunities.

  • Negative externalities, e.g., unsustainable urbangrowth/slums/environmental impacts if these arerelated to economic development, e.g., burden on national economy to cope with problems.


City models
City Models development. (2points)

  • For US cities the city models deal with socioeconomic status – aka class.

  • Upper class, middle class, lower class


Concentric zone burgess model
Concentric Zone – Burgess Model development. (2points)


Bid rent theory
Bid Rent Theory development. (2points)


Burgess model con t
Burgess Model con’t. development. (2points)

  • CBD is the center

  • Everything is in relation to the CBD

  • Based on Chicago in the early 1900’s

  • Problem: many upper class/wealthy individuals are moving closer to the CBD in neighborhoods: ex. – Gold Coast, Lincoln Park


Sector model homer hoyt
Sector Model – Homer Hoyt development. (2points)


Sector con t
Sector con’t. development. (2points)

  • CBD is still the focal point of this model

  • Zones extend along transportation routes

  • Also based on Chicago

  • This model describes Chicago much better than Burgess – specifically industrial sectors and high class residential



Multiple nuclei con t
Multiple Nuclei con’t. development. (2points)

  • Suggest urban growth is independent of the CBD

  • Airports and universities support the multiple nuclei model. How?


Maps of indianapolis
Maps of Indianapolis development. (2points)

  • The following maps of Indianapolis reflect different data and all show a different spatial pattern that represents one of the previous models. Try to identify the model.


13 10
13-10 development. (2points)


Frq
13-8 development. (2points)


Frq
13-9 development. (2points)


Latin american city model
Latin American City Model development. (2points)


Latin american model con t
Latin American model con’t development. (2points)

  • Wealthiest push out in an elite sector in a narrow spine with amenities for the rich

  • Squatter settlements are on the periphery


European cities
European Cities development. (2points)

  • Most of the wealthy live close to the CBD – different from most American cities.

  • As a result most live in small houses, townhouse, and condos.

  • Where do most Europeans go for open space?

  • Most cities were built before cars


Vondel park amsterdam
Vondel Park, Amsterdam development. (2points)


Prague czech republic
Prague, Czech Republic development. (2points)


Copenhagen denmark
Copenhagen, Denmark development. (2points)


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