Grammar:Superlativepages 40-45 Prepared by MaaliHamdan
We use the superlative form of adjectives to show the highest degree of a particular quality that describes people, places, things, ideas, etc. • She is the kindest person I know. • That is the most expensive restaurant in Tel-Aviv.
There are two ways of making superlatives of adjectives. • A: the ________________ - est • B. the most • In choosing which form of the superlative to use, we follow the same rules as with comparatives.
We use the______-est(or –st after an adjective ending in a vowel): • For one syllable adjectives. Dan is the tallest boy in the class. He is the nicest person I know. • For two-syllable adjectives ending in y funny-funniest dirty-the dirtiest silly-the silliest Henry is the funniest person I know
For certain other two-syllable adjectives • quiet-the quietest. • simple-the simplest • clever-the cleverest • gentle-the gentlest • feeble-the feeblest The simplest solution is usually the best.
The spelling rules are the same as with the comparative forms (see page33)
B) We use the most ______ • For adjectives of three or more syllables. The adjective itself does not change its form. • That is the most interesting exhibit in the museum. • We are in themost expensive restaurant in town. • For adjectives ending in –ed even if they have only one syllable. • He was the most hated man in the company. • That’s the most debated subject nowadays. • For most two-syllable adjectives. • That was the most boring movie of the festival.
Instead of the before superlatives, we can put the personal possessive pronouns (my, your, his, her, its, our, their). • This is my longest day of the week. • Friday is their most relaxing day.
The adjectives that have irregular comparatives have irregular superlatives as well.
They are a bad group. They must be the worst in town. • Julie is not just a good singer. She’s probably the best soprano* in the opera company. *1. The highest singing voice of a woman or young boy. *2. A singer having such a voice.
Note • When we use one of +superlative, the noun is in the plural • This is one of the bestfilms in town. • This is the bestfilm in town
The least can be used in place of the most, with no change in the adjective. • This is the least expensive hotel in town. = There is no hotel as cheap as this one. • He is the least clever person I know. = I know nobody as stupid as he is.
NOTE the expressions at least, at (the) most: • His work is expensive, but at least he is honest. • I don’t think there’ll be any food. At most we’ll get a sandwich.
After superlatives, we use inwith places (towns, countries, buildings, etc.) • Which is the biggest city in Israel? • We have the best teacher in the school.
But we use of with other nouns: • Spring is the best time of the year. • She says that it’s the happiest day of her life.
Verb + ing • That was a boring movie. • That lecturer was interesting.
The –ing form is an adjective. It describes a noun.We use the –ing form when the noun gives a feeling or performs an action • That was an exciting experience.
3rd form of the verb • They wanted to leave because they were bored. • They were interested in what the lecturer was saying.
The –ed form is an adjective. It describes a noun.We use –ed form when the noun feels something or is the receiver of an action • Look at the difference in meaning between these sentences. • Joe is boring. I hope he leaves soon. • Ran is bored. He wants to leave as soon as he can.
Homework • Pages 45+46