Lecture 4 18 Oct., 2005. Cognitive Grammar. Helena Gao. Required readings:
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The relationship between semantic, phonological and symbolic units
Focal adjustments of selection determine which aspects of a scene are being dealt with:
Perspective relates to the position from which a scene is viewed, with consequences fro the relative prominence of its participants
TR-LM organisation relates to subject/object distinction.
of figure-ground organisation:
ii) Viewpoint: The perspective and orientation taken on a scene provides a different way of construing it, e.g., from the perspective of the agent or patient as in active/passive distinction
Abstraction relates to the degree of specificity at which a scene is portrayed.
Gao, 2001: 27
Gao, 2001: 131