Fight for Rights Native American Movement & Chicano Movement
Stereotypes • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_hJFi7SRH7Q&feature=related • Savage • Uncivilized • What stereotypes have you seen or heard about Native Americans? In 1999, the crayon was changed to chestnut. Was the issue of the name Indian Red racist?
Native Americans: Whose Land is It Anyway? • Under the Northwest Ordinance land was not suppose to be taken • Under President Andrew Jackson tribes were moved to reservation • Indian Removal Act 1830-westward expansion forces Native Americans to move west Fair??????
Forced Assimilation • Make natives more like mainstream America. • Schools teaching English • Some cut hair-lost tradition • Termination Policy (1950s): • US gov’t that divides property among tribes which ends federal responsibility and social services (health, education, welfare). • Many local tribes and reservations: SOVERIGN- INDEPENDENT NATIONS
1924 Indian Citizenship Act • They are U.S. citizens • Suffrage- not until 1944
The American Indian Movement (AIM) • Founded 1968 • Fought for land rights, against poverty, harassment, better conditions on reservations • The Longest Walk of 1978 -3600 mile walk to DC to protect rights • NCRSM- Fights racism in sports and media today
Today: • High levels of Poverty • Massive alcoholism, diabetic, and obesity rate from government subsidized foods • High school drop out rate • Many reservations lack running water and have poor conditions • Underrepresented in government • Fighting Environmental rights
Caesar Chavez • A Mexican American best known as Latino Civil Rights activist • Co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers (UFW) • Approach: Nonviolent tactics • Boycotts • Sit-ins • Marchest • Stikes
Dolores Fernandez Huerta • She left teaching when “I realized I couldn’t do anything for the kids who came to school hungry and barefoot.” • Helped found NFWA with Chavez in 1962 with grape pickers strike. • Also- Feminist who strove for women’s rights. Awards with NOW and NAACP • Today she continues to work as activist for farmworkers and women.
Raza Unida Party • Founded in 1970 by youth group • Third party that centered on Chicano nationalism. • Still fighting for equal opportunity today: voting, education, citizenship/immigration.