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Annelies Marie "Anne" Frank (12 June 1929 in Frankfurt am Main – early March 1945 in Bergen Belsen) was a Jewish girl who was born in the city of Frankfurt am Main in Weimar Germany, and who lived most of her life in or near Amsterdam, in the Netherlands. She gained international fame posthumously following the publication of her diary which documents her experiences hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II.
Anne and her family moved to Amsterdam in 1933 after the Nazis gained power in Germany, and were trapped by the occupation of the Netherlands, which began in 1940. As persecutions against the Jewish population increased, the family went into hiding in July 1942 in hidden rooms in her father Otto Frank's office building. After two years, the group was betrayed and transported to concentration camps. Seven months after her arrest, Anne Frank died of typhus in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, within days of the death of her sister, Margot Frank. Her father Otto, the only survivor of the group, returned to Amsterdam after the war to find that her diary had been saved, and his efforts led to its publication in 1947. It was translated from its original Dutch and first published in English in 1952 as The Diary of a Young Girl.
The diary, which was given to Anne on her 13th birthday, chronicles her life from 12 June 1942 until 1 August 1944. It has been translated into many languages, has become one of the world's most widely read books, and has been the basis for several plays and films. Anne Frank has been acknowledged for the quality of her writing, and has become one of the most renowned and most discussed victims of the Holocaust.
In March 1945, a typhus epidemic spread through the camp and killed approximately 17,000 prisoners.Witnesses later testified that Margot fell from her bunk in her weakened state and was killed by the shock, and that a few days later Anne died. They stated that this occurred a few weeks before the camp was liberated by British troops on 15 April 1945, although the exact dates were not recorded.[After liberation, the camp was burned in an effort to prevent further spread of disease, and Anne and Margot were buried in a mass grave, the exact whereabouts of which is unknown.
The second editorial was created by Anna after listening to the radio call of the Dutch minister in exile Bolkestein to preserve the testimonies of the war: Anna began to review and correct the wording of the first written with the explicit intention to publish a war ended; for example, invented pseudonyms to ensure anonymity of all occupants of the apartment.
This editorial was written on loose-leaf collected in folders and covers the dates from 20 June 1943 to 29 March 1944. Finally, there is a small collection of fantasy stories (tales of the secret) that are partially joined the diary itself. All material was recovered by Miep Gies, a Dutch who had helped the Frank during hiding, and that a few hours after their arrest secret and went to the property brought in all the manuscripts except that he managed to find.
In addition to the second book of the first edition, it is possible that there were other lost manuscripts, of which however is not known to exist.
After a cool initial reception, to the extent that the public was aware of the facts of the Shoah, the book had several translations and publications (to date is published in over forty countries) and is an important witness to the violence suffered by the Jews during Employment of Nazism.