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Mr. Belcastro US History STAR Review. Unit 1: Development of Modern Political Thought. 1. What effect did the Enlightenment have on political thought in the colonies?. Colonial leaders began extending voting rights to all citizens.

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1 what effect did the enlightenment have on political thought in the colonies
1. What effect did the Enlightenment have onpolitical thought in the colonies?
  • Colonial leaders began extending voting rights to all citizens.
  • The First Continental Congress determined a need for a federal bill of rights.
  • Colonial leaders began advocating the adoption of a state-supported church.
  • Colonists began to question the authority of the British monarchy.
2 the declaration of independence elaborates on the enlightenment idea of
2. The Declaration of Independence elaborates on the Enlightenment idea of
  • natural rights.
  • collective ownership.
  • religious freedom.
  • political equality.

New Jersey Plan: Equal representation for all statesVirginia Plan: Representation based on populationU.S. Congress: One house based on population One house based on equal representation3. Congress is a blend of each plan, this came out of what?

  • The Missouri Compromise
  • The Great Compromise
  • The Federalist papers
  • The Articles of Confederation

We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness.—The Declaration of Independence 4. The idea included in the excerpt from the Declaration of Independence can be attributed to

  • John Locke.
  • Montesquieu.
  • Voltaire.
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau
5. Key decisions of the Supreme Court under theleadership of John Marshall solidified the power of the Supreme Court to
  • try cases between states.
  • accept appeals from lower federal courts.
  • try cases involving foreign diplomats.
  • review the constitutionality of state and federal laws.
6. The acquisition of an American overseas empire during the late 1890s created legal controversies concerning the
  • power of the government to make and ratify peace treaties.
  • role of the President as Commander in Chief.
  • Constitutional rights of the inhabitants of the new American territories.
  • rights of American businesses to operate in the territories.

Reconstruction comes to an end in theSouth.White government officials regain power in the South.Southern states begin to implement poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses.7. During the late 19th century, the above sequence of events resulted in the

  • disfranchisement of most African Americans in the South.
  • movement to repeal the 14th Amendment to the Constitution.
  • strengthening of the Republican Party in the South.
  • expansion of free public education to all children.
8 the railroad building boom during the nineteenth century contributed to
8. The railroad building boom during thenineteenth century contributed to
  • increasing agricultural production in the Northeast.
  • the establishment of trade relations with Mexico.
  • dramatic population decreases in Southern cities.
  • the rapid industrialization of the United States.
9 the first great awakening of the 1730s and 1740s was primarily a
9. The First Great Awakening of the 1730s and1740s was primarily a
  • movement to increase colonial loyalty to the British monarchy.
  • revival of evangelical religion that spread through the colonies.
  • process of assimilating immigrants into colonial American culture.
  • period of economic prosperity brought about by colonial trade.
10 what would be considered a significant social effect of the first great awakening
10. What would be considered a significant socialeffect of the First Great Awakening?
  • The number of women assuming a leadership role in religious institutions increased.
  • The number of Protestant religious denominations in the colonies declined.
  • The colonies experienced an increase in the number of Catholic immigrants.
  • The colonists began to challenge the hierarchical structure of existing religious denominations
11 lord baltimore established the maryland colony in response to
11. Lord Baltimore established the Marylandcolony in response to
  • Spanish attempts to seize lands along the Chesapeake Bay.
  • the overcrowding of England’s large industrial centers.
  • the growing demand for cotton in English textile mills.
  • discrimination against Roman Catholics in England.
12 the primary religious issue of the 1960 presidential election in the united states was
12. The primary religious issue of the 1960 presidential election in the United States was
  • the Catholic faith of John F. Kennedy.
  • Richard Nixon’s upbringing as a Quaker.
  • the teaching of creationism in public schools.
  • the Mormonism of George Romney.
13. Growing anti-Catholic sentiment in the United States during the first half of the twentieth century was related to
  • increasing immigration from southern and eastern Europe.
  • interference by the Catholic Church in U.S. foreign policy.
  • the reduction in the number of Catholic social programs.
  • the church’s refusal to ordain women to the priesthood.

14. Which religious group has had the greatestincrease in membership due to the increasing immigration from Latin American countries to the United States over the last fifty years?

  • Catholics
  • Muslims
  • Jews
  • Protestants

15. The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution,prohibiting the federal government from making any law “respecting an establishment of religion,” was one response to the

  • attempts by Maryland to make Catholicism the official state religion.
  • increasing number of Puritans arriving in the country.
  • religious persecution exhibited by the Church of England.
  • Anti religious sentiments expressed during the Great Awakening.