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Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. INOV 101 February, 2008. Purpose. Better self management through heightened self-awareness. Understand mental diversity and strengthen relationships with others. Identify preferences and how these preferences are similar and different from others on the team.

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myers briggs type indicator

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

INOV 101

February, 2008

purpose
Purpose
  • Better self management through heightened self-awareness.
  • Understand mental diversity and strengthen relationships with others.
  • Identify preferences and how these preferences are similar and different from others on the team.
  • Develop and sharpen interpersonal skills that will heighten personal and job effectiveness.
  • Have some fun.
agenda
Agenda
  • Review the MBTI dimensions
  • MBTI results, self-validation
  • Class profile
  • MBTI and change
  • MBTI and leadership
  • MBTI and decision-making
exercise
Exercise
  • Handwriting
  • Cross arms
  • Clasp hands
  • Describe the differences

Easy Hard

Comfortable Awkward

Effortless Concentrated

Natural Unnatural

Fast Slow

Mature Immature

Competent Incompetent

individual preferences
Individual Preferences
  • Part of our “filters” – the way people see the world is different.
  • No right or wrong type - another form of diversity.
  • Type has nothing to do with ability or competence.
  • Meant for normal, healthy, well adjusted adults.
  • This is a theory - it cannot be proven, but can be supported and/or refuted.
  • Everyone uses every preference. However, we favor one preference over the other on each of the four scales.
trait vs type
Inborn or acquired

More or less

Too much or too little is diagnostic

Normally distributed

Inborn preference

Either or

Too much or too little is irrelevant

Bimodal

Trait vs. Type

Trait

Type

history
History
  • C. G. Jung’s theory-(Swiss psychoanalyst) 1875-1968
    • Psychological Types - translated into English in 1921
    • Katharine Cook Briggs (1875-1968)
  • Isabel Briggs Myers (1896-1980)
    • 1923 - type watching and validating Jung’s theory
    • 30 years of development for the indicator - form A in 1942
    • 1962 by ETS for research only, generally available in 1976
    • Currently over 6000 references
    • In use world wide – Published by CPP
  • Relevance
    • By understanding how you and others see the world differently, you will gain insight into communications and relationships
preference description
Preference Description

Four scales:

E or I:Extraversion orIntroversion is attitude.

How do you direct your energy?

S or N:Sensing or iNtuition is a perceiving function.

How do you input?

T or F:Thinking or Feeling is a judging function.

How do you process?

J or P: Judging or Perceiving is a lifestyle orientation.

How do you relate to the outside?

slide9
MBTI

E ------------------------------------ I

S ------------------------------------ N

T ------------------------------------ F

J ------------------------------------ P

ENERGY FLOW

ATTITUDE

DATA GATHERING

PERCEIVING FUNCTION

DECISION MAKING

JUDGING FUNCTION

ORIENTATION TO THE

OUTER WORLD

ATTITUDE

e or i attitude
E or I (Attitude)

It’s where you get your energy and where you direct your energy: outside or inside

Extra (not extro)

  • Act and (maybe) reflect “talk it out”
  • Lots of “friends”
  • Breadth
  • Like working in groups

Intra

  • Reflect and (maybe) act “think it through”
  • A few close friends
  • Depth
  • Prefer solitary activities
key words
Active

Outward

Sociable

People

Many

Expressive

Breadth

Live it, then understand it

Reflective

Inward

Reserved

Privacy

Few

Quiet

Depth

Understand it, before live it

Key Words

E

I

Self-Assess

e s view
Admire about I’s

Do things on their own

Nice not to be center of attention

Not feeling like you have to speak up

Think things through

Baffled by

Why they take so long to answer

E’s View
i s view
Admire about E’s

High energy

Verbal

Doers

Risk takers

Comfortable with self and others

Confidence

Baffled by

Too many words

Don’t shut up

Too Impulsive

Opinionated

Changeable

I’s View
s or n function
S or N Function

It’s how you prefer to input - the perceiving mental function

  • It is irrational (we have no control)

Input - S

  • Directly via the senses - specific parts - present - practical
  • Step by step
  • Structured

Input - N

  • 6th sense or hunch - relationships - future - imagine
  • Jump in anywhere
  • Skip steps
key words15
Details

Present

Practical

Facts

Sequential

Directions

Repetition

Enjoyment

Perspiration

Conserve

Literal

Patterns

Future

Imaginative

Innovations

Random

Hunches

Variety

Anticipation

Inspiration

Change

Figurative

Key Words

S

N

Self - Assess

s s on leaf
S’s on “leaf”

fall

tree

rake

flowers

salad

pile

compost

mulch

4 leaf clover

burning smell

autumn

n s on leaf
N’s on “leaf”

raking

rain

play

art

leaf

dried

spring

gold

thru a book

burning oak

sun

new

crispy

slippery

dead

red

change

bare

sunlight through

lettuce

salad

acorns

shade

gutters

floating

new

fur

crust

art

blower

table

mulch

symbol

tumbling

light

autumn

leaf me alone

Erickson

Pot

MINT JULEPS

decay

t or f function
T or F Function

It’s how you prefer to process information

  • Rational, judging mental function

Process - T

  • Objective
  • Head
  • Principles (truth, justice)

Process - F

  • Subjective
  • Heart
  • Value (relationship, harmony)
key words19
Head

Objective

Justice

Cool

Impersonal

Critique

Analyze

Precise

Principles

Heart

Subjective

Harmony

Caring

Personal

Appreciate

Empathize

Persuasive

Values

Key Words

T

F

Self-Assess

j or p the lifestyle
J or P The Lifestyle

What does the outside world see?

J

  • Ordered
  • Planned
  • Decisive

P

  • Spontaneous
  • Flexible
  • Curious
key words21
Organized

Structure

Control

Decisive

Deliberate

Closure

Plan

Deadlines

Productive

Flexible

Flow

Experience

Curious

Spontaneous

Openness

Wait

Discoveries

Receptive

Key Words

J

P

Self-Assess

contributions of preferences
Contributions of Preferences
  • Extraverted types
    • Remain aware of the environment, maintain their networks, and take action.
  • Introverted types
    • Pay attention to the infrastructure, conceptualize the problem, and look deeply into issues.
contributions of preferences23
Contributions of Preferences
  • Sensing types
    • Know the facts, understand the planning stages, and work out implementation details.
  • Intuitive types
    • See the big picture, forge into new areas, and develop new possibilities.
contributions of preferences24
Contributions of Preferences
  • Thinking types
    • Discuss the issues in a logical way, consider the pros and cons of various alternatives, and spot the inconsistencies in a plan.
  • Feeling types
    • Understand what is important to people, acknowledge the human side of decision making, and help others accept decisions.
contributions of preferences25
Contributions of Preferences
  • Judging types
    • Generate systems, provide organization, and act with decisiveness.
  • Perceiving types
    • Are open to new ideas, provide insight, and react with flexibility if the system breaks down.
mbti results
MBTI Results
  • This is a hypothesis until it is verified by you
  • Reasons for differences between survey and self-assessment:
    • Feeling torn between demands of work and self preferences
    • Questions were answered in terms of what you thought was expected
    • Terms used were misunderstood
    • Confusion due to perceived social pressure
    • Currently in a growth period developing new processes
    • Suffering illness or sleep deprivation
team type lens
Team Type Lens

ISTJ

7

ISFJ

2

INFJ

3

INTJ

3

ISTP

2

ISFP

1

INFP

2

INTP

3

ESTP

2

ESFP

1

ENFP

2

ENTP

2

ESTJ

2

ESFJ

3

ENFJ

3

ENTJ

3

using different lenses
Using Different “Lenses”
  • Quadrants Lens: Change
  • Temperament Lens: Leadership
  • Dynamics Lens: Problem-solving or decision-making
quadrants lens
Quadrants Lens

IS (12)

IN (11)

ISTJ

ISFJ

INFJ

INTJ

ISTP

ISFP

INFP

INTP

ESTP

ESFP

ENFP

ENTP

ESTJ

ESFJ

ENFJ

ENTJ

ES (8)

EN (10)

temperaments lens
Temperaments Lens

NF (10)

NT (11)

ISTJ

ISFJ

INFJ

INTJ

SJ (14)

ISTP

ISFP

INFP

INTP

SP (6)

ESTP

ESFP

ENFP

ENTP

ESTJ

ESFJ

ENFJ

ENTJ

sj asks what isfj esfj istj estj
Loyal to system

Duty

Super-dependable

Resists change

Preserves traditions

Precise

“Don’t fix what isn’t broken”

Authority dependent

Procedures

Decisive

Stability

“Should”, “Should not”

Social responsibility

Structure

Orderly

SJ – Asks “What?”ISFJ, ESFJ, ISTJ, ESTJ
sj leader traditionalist administrator
SJ LeaderTraditionalist/Administrator
  • Work hard/keep busy
  • Facts before action
  • Briefed to last detail
  • Results oriented
  • Impatient with schedule/agenda changes
  • Organize for stability
  • Prefer written communications
  • Discovered Murphy’s law
  • Difficulty expressing appreciation
  • Tendency to overkill
sp asks when istp isfp estp esfp
Free spirit

Action-oriented

Fun-loving

Good in crisis situations

“When all else fails, read directions”

Impulsive

Needs freedom and space

Flexible/Adaptable

Realistic

Uninhibited

Enjoys the moment

Practical

Spontaneous

Likes hands-on experience

Most joyful

Seeks change and variety

SP – Asks “When?”ISTP, ISFP, ESTP, ESFP
sp leader promoter troubleshooter
SP LeaderPromoter/Troubleshooter
  • Work smart
  • No wasted motion
  • Opportunistic
  • Everything is negotiable
  • Focus is right now
  • Little interest in tradition
  • Impatient with theory/abstraction
  • Express appreciation easily
  • Can be unpredictable
  • Can be too impulsive
nf asks who infj infp enfp enfj
Interpersonal skills

Supportive of others

Sympathetic

Relationships

Seductive

Possiblilities for people

Interaction

Cooperation

Vivid imagination

Mysterious

Hypersensitive to conflict

Search for self

Autonomy

Needs encouragement and recognition

Integrity

“Becoming”

NF – Asks “Who?”INFJ, INFP, ENFP, ENFJ
nf leader democratic catalytic
NF LeaderDemocratic/Catalytic
  • Organizational climate over structure
  • Good listener
  • Good spokesperson
  • Anti-authoritarian
  • Emotional and persuasive
  • Flair for dramatizing the mundane
  • Might get overextended
  • Can create dependencies
  • Need to schedule renewal time
  • Easily express appreciation of people
nt asks why intj intp entp entj
High achievers

Knowledge

Objective perceptions

Independent

Self-doubt

Intellectually curious

Conceptualizers

Non-conformist

Competition with self

Wordsmiths

Principles

Enjoys complexity

Authority independent

Architect of change

Systems designers

Argumentative

What would happen if…?

NT – Asks “Why?”INTJ, INTP, ENTP, ENTJ
nt leader visionary scientist
NT LeaderVisionary/Scientist
  • Systems/theory focused
  • Organize around theoretical framework
  • Architects of change
  • Tend to stand on principle
  • Powerful behind the scenes
  • Masters of the technical
  • Impatient with human conditions
  • Responsive to intellectual appeals
  • Express appreciation of ideas
  • Tendency to overplan
type dynamics
Type Dynamics

DOMINANT

Least Preferred

AUXILIARY

Tertiary

slide42
MBTI

E ------------------------------------ I

S ------------------------------------ N

T ------------------------------------ F

J ------------------------------------ P

ENERGY FLOW

ATTITUDE

P

DATA GATHERING

PERCEIVING FUNCTION

J

DECISION MAKING

JUDGING FUNCTION

ORIENTATION TO THE

OUTER WORLD

ATTITUDE

eight extraverted and introverted dominant functions
Eight Extraverted and Introverted Dominant Functions

Se Dominant Extraverted Sensing (ESTP & ESFP)

Goal: to experience as much as possible; to have an unending variety of sensing experience

Si Dominant Introverted Sensing (ISTJ & ISFJ)

Goal: to form a solid, substantial, and accurate understanding of the world around them and their place in it

Ne Dominant Extraverted Intuition (ENTP & ENFP)

Goal: to find and explore new possibilities, new and exciting challenges

Ni Dominant Introverted Intuition (INTJ & INFJ)

Goal: to develop their inner intuitive patterns for understanding the world

eight extraverted and introverted dominant functions44
Eight Extraverted and Introverted Dominant Functions

Te Dominant Extraverted Thinking (ESTJ & ENTJ)

Goal: to create logical order in their external world; to make their environment rational

Ti Dominant Introverted Thinking (ISTP & INTP)

Goal: to create logical order internally; to develop rational principles for understanding the world

Fe Dominant Extraverted Feeling (ESFJ & ENFJ)

Goal: to create harmony and cooperation in their external environment; to facilitate others in getting what they need and want

Fi Dominant Introverted Feeling (ISFP & INFP)

Goal: to develop their internal core of values, establish an external life that is congruent with them, and help both individuals and humankind fulfill their potential

dominants approach to problem solving s and n
S

How is the problem best defined?

What are the ramifications now?

What goals are we working toward?

How can time lines be established and what are the intermediate objectives?

What costs are incurred – financial, emotional, etc.?

N

What are the common threads?

What are the multiple alternatives?

What is the relationship of the part to the system?

What are the opportunities for growth?

What are our hunches about this issue?

Dominants’ Approach to Problem SolvingS and N
dominants approach to problem solving t and f
T

Is this a legitimate issue?

How does it affect the bottom line?

What are the pros and cons?

What is the relationship of cause to effect?

What are the systemic qualities?

F

What are people’s feelings concerning this?

How can different sides be accommodated?

What’s the most diplomatic way to proceed?

What will increase harmony?

How does this affect me and the people I care about?

Dominants’ Approach to Problem SolvingT and F
journey
Journey

“Learning to respect individual differences

is not something that truly has an end;

it is a learning that asks of us

ongoing attention and a willingness to grow”

C.R. Martin