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C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r

C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r

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C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r

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  1. H a r t f o r d, C T C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r 0 4.1 4. 2 0 1 0│ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r │ P r o f s. D a n n e r t h a n d M i s t r i c k

  2. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0│ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  3. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions Location: Hartford, CT Space Type: MuseumSize: 154,000 SF Stories: 6 Planned Cost: $150 million Dates of Construction: January 2006- June 2009 Project Design Team: Architect Pelli Clarke Pelli CM Whiting-TurnerMEP Engineer Altieri Sebor WeiberStructural Engineer Schlaich BergermannLighting Designer Cline Bettridge Bernstein 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0│ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  4. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r F u e l C e l l A n a l y s i s Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions • Overview • Connecticut Science Center wired for installation of fuel cell • Compare proposed fuel cell model vs. new suggested model • Evaluate benefits of installation 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  5. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r F u e l C e l l A n a l y s i s Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions Courtesy of PCP Architects 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  6. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r F u e l C e l l A n a l y s i s Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions Total Efficiency Pure Cell 200 = 71 % DFC 300 = 78 % 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  7. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r F u e l C e l l A n a l y s i s Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions (3) #500 kcmil + (1) #3G 333 kVA 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  8. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r P h o t o v o l t a i c A r r a y A n a l y s i s Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions • Overview • CSC wired for installation of 65 kW array on Southern Façade • RETScreen 4 Analysis Software used to evaluate benefit 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  9. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r P h o t o v o l t a i c A r r a y A n a l y s i s Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions www.citydata.com 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  10. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r P h o t o v o l t a i c A r r a y A n a l y s i s Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions • Array • 80W per panel • 756 total panels • Produces 60.5 kW of power 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  11. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r P h o t o v o l t a i c A r r a y A n a l y s i s Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions • Array • 80W per panel • 756 total panels • Produces 60.5 kW of power 2009 RS Means Catalog, Includes labor, overhead, and profit 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  12. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r P h o t o v o l t a i c A r r a y A n a l y s i s Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  13. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r P h o t o v o l t a i c A r r a y A n a l y s i s Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions • >85 year payback period • PVs less efficient after 25 years 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  14. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r L i g h t i n g D e p t h Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions • M a i n D e s i g n C o n c e p t • Promote the wonder and excitement of science • Lively • Dynamic • Focus on • Building’s architecture • Circulation throughout museum 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  15. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r A t r i u m Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions • C o n c e p t • Integrate lighting design with daylightingPromote circulation with hierarchy of light • Ticketing Counter • Stairs • Pedestrian Bridges • Elevators 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  16. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r A t r i u m Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  17. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r A t r i u m Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  18. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r A t r i u m M.A.E. Focus Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth AtriumM.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions • Goal • Implement and evaluate effect of open loop switching to help integrate daylight with lighting redesign • Procedure • Import atrium model into Daysim, locate critical point • Find daylight autonomy value for critical point • Locate positioning for open loop photosensor • Evaluate impact of open loop switching • Daysim Illuminance Data on December 21st (fc) • Daylight Autonomy Values 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  19. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r A t r i u m M.A.E. Focus Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth AtriumM.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions • Photosensor location • Northern Elevation 10,807 kWh Savings • Photosensor threshold = 150 lux 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  20. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r T h e a t e r Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions • C o n c e p t • Continue with feeling of excitement, vibrancy, and movementLighting design should adapt to multipurpose use • Stage and podium for assembly • Projection screen for movies • Various scenes • Uniformity on task planes 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  21. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r T h e a t e r • Dimming Control System • 7 Lighting Zones • 4 Preset Scenes Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  22. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r T h e a t e r MOVIE- Pre/Post Show Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions AUDIENCE TARGET= 5 FC 40% 58 W 47W WW 40% 40% 40% 2 4 6 8 10 12 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  23. Pre/Post Show C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r T h e a t e r ASSEMBLY- Without A/V Use Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions SPEAKER TARGET= 30 fc 100% 100% AUDIENCE TARGET= 10 fc 58 W 47W WW 80% 80% 80% 7 20 40 70 W 100% 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  24. Pre/Post Show C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r T h e a t e r SPEAKER TARGET= 30 fc SCREEN= <5 fc (3.6 achieved) ASSEMBLY- With A/V Use Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions 58 W 47W WW 100% 100% 100% AUDIENCE TARGET= 10 fc 0 10 20 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  25. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r R o o f G a r d e n • A r c h i t e c t u r a l B r e a d t h • Improve circulation pathway • Create welcoming, interesting atmosphere better integrated with the aesthetics of Connecticut Science Center Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus TheaterRoof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions • Redesigned Plan • Existing Plan 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  26. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r R o o f G a r d e n • TOTAL LOAD • SDL + LL = 190 PSF • SELF WEIGHT • 7” NW CONCRETE SLAB= 75 PSF W21X50= 50 PSF • BEAM LAYOUT • LENGTH = 41’-6” • TRIB WIDTH= 9’-1.5” • TOTAL LOAD= (75+190)*9.125’ + 50 PLF= 2.47 KLF • BEAM FORCES (Simply supported beam, AISC 13TH ED. P3-211) • APPLIED SHEAR = 51.25K • APPLIED MOMENT= 531.75 K-FT • DESIGN COMPOSITE BEAM W21X50(Table 3-19, AISC) • “a” assumed to be 1, verification proved a= 2.54” “a” rounded to 3” for easier utilization of table a = 3.01” CORRECT ASSUMPTION, shear transfer capacity 561K • DESIGN SHEAR STUDS(Table 3-21, AISC) • Assumption= weak studs, ¾” diameter • n = 561K/17.2K= 33 studs • 33 studs TOTAL , original design called for 58 • S t r u c t u r a l B r e a d t h • Analyze impact of architectural redesign on structure • Attempt to reduce loads (ASD) , based on 18” average section Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus TheaterRoof Garden Architectural BreadthStructural Breadth Conclusions 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  27. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r R o o f G a r d e n • C o n c e p t • Integrate the roof garden into the dynamic CSC experience • Enhance new garden design • Promote circulation Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus TheaterRoof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions CIRCULATION PATH TARGET = 0.3 fc 0.2 2 10 30 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  28. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r S u m m a r y Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions • E l e c t r i c a l • More efficient fuel cell recommended, photovoltaic array is not recommended • L i g h t i n g • Excitement and wonder of science center conveyed through dynamic lighting design • A r c h i t e c t u r a l • Redesign of roof garden creates more inviting space with better unity to CSC • S t r u c t u r a l • Reduction in loading of roof garden results in lower number of shear studs required in beam and less material used 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r

  29. C o n n e c t i c u t S c i e n c e C e n t e r A c k n o w l e d g e m e n t s Building Overview Electrical Depth Fuel Cell Analysis Photovoltaic Analysis Lighting Depth Atrium M.A.E. Focus Theater Roof Garden Architectural Breadth Structural Breadth Conclusions • T h a n k Y o u ! • Family • FriendsAdvisors • CBBLD • CSC • Cherie Sweeney • PCP ArchMartina Lind • Q U E S T I O N S ? 0 4. 1 4. 2 0 1 0 │ L i g h t i n g/ E l e c t r i c a l│ J e n n a S t a u f f e r