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Piracy PowerPoint Presentation

Piracy

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Piracy

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  1. Piracy Captain John L. David Dublin IMCC 2007 26th October 2007 Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims Support

  2. Introduction • Piracy goes back to 13th Cent. BC • Julius Cesar - captured • St Patrick- Irish Pirates • Chinese mid-Qing Dynasty • Stalin (at least twice) • Vikings were probably the best • Caribbean Dutch and English Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  3. The Myth Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  4. “Is that man wearing underwear Mister Mate?” Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  5. The Reality Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  6. The Deterrent Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  7. Definitions • Kidnapping for ransom • Robbery • Murder • Seizure of items/the vessel • Sabotage leading to sinking Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  8. International Law • Article 101 UNCLOS (a) any illegal acts of violence or detention, or any act of depredation, committed for private ends by the crew or the passengers of a private ship or a private aircraft, and directed: (i) on the high seas, against another ship or aircraft, or against persons or property on board such ship or aircraft; (ii) against a ship, aircraft, persons or property in a place outside the jurisdiction of any State; (b) any act of voluntary participation in the operation of a ship or of an aircraft with knowledge of facts making it a pirate ship or aircraft; (c) any act of inciting or of intentionally facilitating an act described in subparagraph (a) or (b). Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  9. Piracy or not? • Territorial waters - 12 mile limit • Within the jurisdiction of the state they are not “pirates”, nor is it “piracy” • Without commission from a sovereign nation Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  10. Statistics • IMB Statistical purposes • Piracy + Armed Robbery • “An act of boarding or attempting to board any ship with the apparent intent or capability to use force in the furtherance of that act”. Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  11. Pirates? Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  12. Piracy Practices Today • Small fast boats/mother ships • Small Navies – major trade routes • Quick in and out - ruthless • Money and personal effects • Cargo/entire vessel/Phantom ships Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  13. Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  14. Figure To Date • 15 killed in 2006 (+3 still missing) • 9 months into 2007 • Piracy+armed robbery up14% from 2006 • Nigeria + Somalia even more dangerous • 198 attacks (vs174 same period 2006) • 15 vessels hijacked: 172 hostages • More than 50 attacks at anchor • 25% attacks on Bulk Carriers Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  15. Piracy Africa Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  16. Top 10 - 2006 • 239 ships attacked in 2006 • 168 in: • Indonesia (50) Bangladesh (47), Nigeria (12) Malacca (11) Somalia (10) Malaysia (10), Red Sea (10) Tanzania (9), Peru (9) • Brasil moving into the charts • Somalia26 already this year Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  17. Toys • Inventus UAV: Unmanned plane with a camera • Secure-Ship Electric fence for ships • ShipLoc: Satellite tracking exact location of vessels Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  18. Recent Cases • “ACHILLE LAURO” (1985) • PLO, Egypt, Klinghoffer • Collision “OCEAN BLESSING” + “NAGASAKI SPIRIT”(1992) • Hijack, Malacca, autopilot 2 survived • “CHANG SONG” (1998) • Customs, 23 killed, Firing squad • “DANICA WHITE” • $1.4 million ransom Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  19. To Consider? • Coverage and Claims • Shot Crew- Malaria • Cargo cover in jeopardy? • Delay, damage, SOL cover • Hull “damage” weed, leak, maintain • Off Hire, no stores or fuel, speed + performance • Recovery issues “safe voyage”? Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  20. Return to Traditional Punishment Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  21. Punishment – Change? Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  22. It was a dark and stormy night Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  23. Questions Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims support

  24. Piracy Captain John L. David Dublin IMCC 2007 26th October 2007 Marine Professionals Casualty InvestigationConsultancyClaims Support