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Piracy revision . Assessment date. There be pirates. How does piracy affect me. Increase in hijackings. Payments for ransoms. Increased security. Increased insurance payments. Longer journeys- therefore more fuel. Higher high street prices.

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There be pirates...

How does piracy affect me...

Increase in hijackings

Payments for ransoms

Increased security

Increased insurance payments

Longer journeys- therefore more fuel

Higher high street prices


Large number of armed and experienced warlords from the civil war.

There is a well developed welfare system in the country.

There be pirates...

Failed state- government is not in full control.

Stable government which is in control of the country.

High returns from ransoms paid for ships and crews- average $2 million.

Average income in Somalia is $600 dollars per capita.

There are few employment opportunities in Somalia.

Huge coastal area makes it uneasy to police.

Most ransoms are unlikely to be paid.

Much of the population is reliant on food aid.

Employment opportunities are widely available.

Large coastal area.


Red = reasons which encourage piracy in Somalia

Green = reasons which would not encourage piracy in Somalia

Large number of ex-fisherman that know the area well.

Strong international support for the Somali government.

Pirates are viewed as heroes by the local population.

Small coastal area.

Pirates are shunned by the local population.

Illegal fishing of Somali waters has put fisherman out of business.


There be pirates...

Impact on Somalia


Wealthy pirates encourage the consumption of drugs alien to local culture

Local prices increase due to influx of dollars- quality of life decreases for locals as a result

Local farmers and fishermen leave to join pirates

Ransom money is reinvested in more sophisticated weaponry making governance of the area more difficult

Pirates take multiple wives from poorer nomadic tribes- this impacts on rural traditional life

Other nations enter Somalia to track and capture pirates- undermining the national government?

Discourages investment and trade in the country.


There be pirates...

A global issue?

Blue lines show densest shipping routes.



There be pirates...

A global issue?











Countries with active pirate crews



There be pirates...

How well organised are the pirates of Somalia?

Local knowledge of the coast.

Contacts in the local ports.

Fast speed boats.

Boarding equipment such as ladders and grappling hooks.

GPS and satellite phones.


Heavily armed, machine guns and grenade launchers.


There be pirates...

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/8328846.stm - stopping the pirates

How effective would these measures be against piracy?

Emergency alarm- to inform shipping company and authorities

Secure ship- electric fence around the ship delivering a 9,000 volt shock

Razor wire around accessible parts of the ship

Bridge and accommodation to be secured

High powered hoses and water cannons

Hired armed security teams

Install high powered flood lights

Tracking device for ship

Trailing ropes and cargo nets

24 hour look outs

Advice given to cargo ships in pirate waters