Piracy revision . Assessment date. There be pirates. How does piracy affect me. Increase in hijackings. Payments for ransoms. Increased security. Increased insurance payments. Longer journeys- therefore more fuel. Higher high street prices.
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How does piracy affect me...
Increase in hijackings
Payments for ransoms
Increased insurance payments
Longer journeys- therefore more fuel
Higher high street prices
There is a well developed welfare system in the country.
There be pirates...
Failed state- government is not in full control.
Stable government which is in control of the country.
High returns from ransoms paid for ships and crews- average $2 million.
Average income in Somalia is $600 dollars per capita.
There are few employment opportunities in Somalia.
Huge coastal area makes it uneasy to police.
Most ransoms are unlikely to be paid.
Much of the population is reliant on food aid.
Employment opportunities are widely available.
Large coastal area.
Red = reasons which encourage piracy in Somalia
Green = reasons which would not encourage piracy in Somalia
Large number of ex-fisherman that know the area well.
Strong international support for the Somali government.
Pirates are viewed as heroes by the local population.
Small coastal area.
Pirates are shunned by the local population.
Illegal fishing of Somali waters has put fisherman out of business.
Impact on Somalia
Wealthy pirates encourage the consumption of drugs alien to local culture
Local prices increase due to influx of dollars- quality of life decreases for locals as a result
Local farmers and fishermen leave to join pirates
Ransom money is reinvested in more sophisticated weaponry making governance of the area more difficult
Pirates take multiple wives from poorer nomadic tribes- this impacts on rural traditional life
Other nations enter Somalia to track and capture pirates- undermining the national government?
Discourages investment and trade in the country.
A global issue?
Blue lines show densest shipping routes.
A global issue?
Countries with active pirate crews
How well organised are the pirates of Somalia?
Local knowledge of the coast.
Contacts in the local ports.
Fast speed boats.
Boarding equipment such as ladders and grappling hooks.
GPS and satellite phones.
Heavily armed, machine guns and grenade launchers.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/8328846.stm - stopping the pirates
How effective would these measures be against piracy?
Emergency alarm- to inform shipping company and authorities
Secure ship- electric fence around the ship delivering a 9,000 volt shock
Razor wire around accessible parts of the ship
Bridge and accommodation to be secured
High powered hoses and water cannons
Hired armed security teams
Install high powered flood lights
Tracking device for ship
Trailing ropes and cargo nets
24 hour look outs
Advice given to cargo ships in pirate waters