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Modern Piracy:. A War on International Waters. Modern Piracy… . Define piracy by modern day standards. Identify types of pirates and attacks in modern history. Determine the hesitance of the United States of America regarding the prosecution of piracy.

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Modern Piracy:


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    1. Modern Piracy: A War on International Waters

    2. Modern Piracy…

    3. Define piracy by modern day standards. • Identify types of pirates and attacks in modern history. • Determine the hesitance of the United States of America regarding the prosecution of piracy. • Determine the four factors of modern piracy and anti-piracy efforts. Objectives…

    4. Piracy – The act of boarding any vessel with an intent to commit theft or any other crime, and with an intent or capacity to use force in furtherance of that act. Defining Modern Piracy…

    5. Modern Piracy Statistics…

    6. Technology – (Technically Advanced Merchant Ships.) • A Reduction of a Naval Presence – (Decrease of International Navies Worldwide.) • Disrupted Governmental Administration – (Removal of Colonial Ties and Financial Inability to Afford Basic Resources for Funding Navies.) • Lack of Regulation – (Not Considered By World Powers as an International Problem or of High Political Importance. Deadly waste being deposited by cruise ships and oil rigs in African waters, which directly and negatively impacts the African fishing industry. Factors of Modern Piracy…

    7. Geographical Statistics…

    8. Malaysia • Indonesia • Bangladesh • India • Brazil Top Five Countries at Risk…

    9. The first type of pirate is your standard issue low-life criminal, which are scum who find it more expedient to just steal your finger, instead of taking the time to remove your ring. The second pirate type is a more sophisticated organized crime group such as the five gangs thought to control a significant percentage of piracy in Southeast Asia or one of the several triads believed to control this crime in China. The third and perhaps the most troubling type is the "Semi-Official Military Pirate," examples of which have been seen in China, Indonesia & Somalia and elsewhere. Types of Pirates…

    10. The most common type of attack is where pirates board the merchant vessel, rob the crew and escape. • These raids on merchant crews are understood to yield an average $20,000 haul. Types of Attacks…

    11. The second type of pirate attack is a more ambitious one where pirates not only rob the crew but steal the cargo. • While simple robbery crimes normally employ pirate crews of 6 to 7 men, gangs of 70 or more may fall upon a merchant vessel when it's larger cargo that they are after. Types of Attacks…

    12. Third Type is Phantom Ship Strategy: • “Pre-Planned Stowaway Trick” • “Little Mermaid Trick” Types of Attacks…

    13. Somalia…

    14. Since 2005, many foreign vessels have been depositing hazardous waste material in the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Aden: • Rapidly ruining Somalia’s fishing industry and forced many fisherman into piracy. Today about 70% of Somali citizens support their brethren pirates due to lack of UN action. Most cases of Somali piracy began with just simple hostage ransoming, but now these pirates have evolved beyond hostage exchange for money. • In 2012, Somali pirates have perfected their lightning tactics to capture entire ships and hold them for ransom in open waters, which sometimes these attacks lead to some or almost of the vessels crew killed. Causes of Somali Piracy…

    15. The 1994 United Nations Law of the Sea Convention advanced the concept of "Hot Pursuit" whereby Naval units could chase pirates into the territorial waters of other nations, capture the pirates and then put them on trial at home all under one legal jurisdiction. Anti-Piracy Efforts…

    16. Under-Reporting of Attacks on Corporate Vessels • Private Security Forces or Navies • Technological Innovations for Cruise Ships Anti-Piracy Efforts in 2012…

    17. Versus U.S.A. versus Piracy…

    18. By 2016, the average Somali pirate annual income will be roughly $80,000 U.S. dollars. (150 times the average Somali income within the fishing industry.) • Why is the United States of America hesitant to prosecute piracy criminals? U.S. Prosecution of Piracy…