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The Unification of China . Standard 1.1 E.Q. How did political ideas change the Chinese Dynasty? . Confucius and the Social Order . Confucius: China’s influential scholar. Born in time of crisis had a desire to restore the order and moral living of society.

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the unification of china

The Unification of China

Standard 1.1

E.Q. How did political ideas change the Chinese Dynasty?

confucius and the social order
Confucius and the Social Order
  • Confucius: China’s influential scholar.
    • Born in time of crisis had a desire to restore the order and moral living of society.
    • Believed that social order, harmony, and good government could be restored China.
confucius urges harmony
Confucius Urges Harmony
  • Organized around five basic relationships:
    • Ruler and subject
    • Father and Son
    • Husband and wife
    • Older and younger brother
    • Friend and Friend
  • Rulers should practice kindness virtuous living in exchange, subjects should be loyal and law abiding.
  • Filial Piety: Respect for their parents and ancestors. Requires to honor their parent’s memories after death through the performance of certain rituals.
confucian ideas of government
Confucian Ideas of Government
  • Wanted to governments to governor wisely. Duke of Lu appointed him minister of justice.
  • Bureaucracy: Trained civil service, or those who run the government.
    • In other words education became critically important to career advancement in the bureaucracy.
  • Confucianism was an ethical system based on accepted principles of right and wrong.
  • Upanishads: Works of Confucius compiled into a book. Written dialogues between a student a teacher.
daoism seeks harmony
Daoism Seeks Harmony
  • Laozi believed that only the natural order was important and had relation to all living things.
    • Believed that a universal force called the Dao, meaning “the way” guides all things.
    • Humans only fail to follow the Dao.
  • Daoism: the search for knowledge and understanding of nature.

Penzai

legalists urge harsh rule
Legalists Urge Harsh Rule
  • Hanefeizi and Li Si was a more political thinkers known as legalists.
  • Believed that a highly efficient and powerful government is key to restoring order in society.
  • Legalism: Highly efficient and powerful government is the key to social order.
    • Punishments are useful to maintain order.
    • Provided rich rewards for people who carried out their duties well.
i ching and yin and yang
I Ching and Yin and Yang
  • Book of use instead of Confucianism Daoism or Legalism. Would solve ethical or practical problems by throwing coins and interpreting the results.
  • Ying and Yang: Two powers that together represents the natural rhythms of life.
    • Yin represented all that is cold, dark, and soft, and mysterious.
    • Yang is the opposite warm, bright, hard, and clear.
    • Both represent the rhythm of the universe and complement each other .