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The Odyssey

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  1. The Odyssey Homer

  2. The Odyssey by Homer Part One Supplemental Vocabulary

  3. Epithet • A word or phrase used to describe someone • Zeus the lord of the cloud

  4. Epic Simile • An epic simile is an extended simile developed over several lines. • Example:

  5. Example • Having a snow day is like a day at the beach. I can lounge on my sofa as if it were my multicolored stripped beach chair. I can close my eyes and listen to my favorite television shows as if it were the waves crashing upon the shore. It is total peace and relaxation as I drift to sleep to all of the sounds around me.

  6. Invocation • A serious request. • A prayer asking for help. • The Odyssey begins with an invocation on page 595 (blue) the poet asks for inspiration in telling the story of his hero…it also gives a brief summary of the hero’s adventures

  7. Muse • One of the goddesses who preside over the arts.

  8. Part One Vocabulary Seventeen words! Know them!

  9. Formidable • Adjective • Very impressive • Men hold me formidable.

  10. Guile • Noun • Cunning • Slyness • Men hold me formidable for guile in peace and war.

  11. Muster (ed) • Verb • To gather • All ships’ companies mustered alongside for the midday meal.

  12. Indifferent • Adjective • Without interest in

  13. Victual (vital) • Noun • Food • A wineskin full I brought along and victuals in a bag.

  14. Civility • Noun • Politeness • …a wild man, ignorant of civility.

  15. Appall (ed) • Adjective • Horrified • We cried aloud, lifting our hands to Zeus, powerless, looking at this, appalled…

  16. Ponderous • Adjective • Extremely heavy thoughts • …we could never move his ponderous doorway slab inside.

  17. Lugger (lagger) • Noun • A small sailing vessel

  18. Profusion • Noun • An abundance

  19. Shipwright • Noun • Carpenter who builds or repairs ships • I leaned on it turning it as a shipwright turns a drill.

  20. Smithy • Noun • A workshop where metal is heated and worked • In a smithy one sees a white-hot axhead or an adz.

  21. Adz • Noun • An ax-like tool

  22. Hale • Adjective • Strong • … the way they make soft iron hale.

  23. Mammoth • Adjective • Gigantic • Out of the cave the mammoth Polyphemus roared in answer:

  24. Breach • Noun • An opening or gap (in a wall)

  25. Titanic • Adjective • Huge

  26. Part One Vocabulary • “The Sirens”, “Scylla and Charybdis”, “The Cattle of the Sun God”

  27. Nymph • Noun • A nature goddess

  28. Brace (s) • Noun • Rope used to swing or secure the sails of a ship

  29. Plumb • Adverb • Exactly

  30. Ardor • Noun • Great passion; emotional warmth

  31. Founder (ing) • Verb • To sink

  32. Comber (s) • Noun • Large ocean wave

  33. Travail • Noun • Agony

  34. Spume • Noun • Foam or froth

  35. Blanch (ed) • Verb • To pale

  36. Grapple • Noun • A grip

  37. Appease • Verb • To satisfy

  38. Supplication • Noun • A humble prayer or request

  39. Insidious • Adjective • Treacherous

  40. Entrails • Noun • Internal organs of humans or animals

  41. Tripe • Noun • The stomach lining of cattle used as food

  42. Overweening • Adjective • Overbearing

  43. Restitution • Noun • The making good or paying for damage or loss

  44. Forestay(s) • Noun • A rope supporting the front mast of a ship

  45. Bilge • Noun • The water around the lower part of a ship

  46. Contentious • Adjective • Quarrelsome; ready to argue