The Odyssey Homer
The Odyssey by Homer Part One Supplemental Vocabulary
Epithet • A word or phrase used to describe someone • Zeus the lord of the cloud
Epic Simile • An epic simile is an extended simile developed over several lines. • Example:
Example • Having a snow day is like a day at the beach. I can lounge on my sofa as if it were my multicolored stripped beach chair. I can close my eyes and listen to my favorite television shows as if it were the waves crashing upon the shore. It is total peace and relaxation as I drift to sleep to all of the sounds around me.
Invocation • A serious request. • A prayer asking for help. • The Odyssey begins with an invocation on page 595 (blue) the poet asks for inspiration in telling the story of his hero…it also gives a brief summary of the hero’s adventures
Muse • One of the goddesses who preside over the arts.
Part One Vocabulary Seventeen words! Know them!
Formidable • Adjective • Very impressive • Men hold me formidable.
Guile • Noun • Cunning • Slyness • Men hold me formidable for guile in peace and war.
Muster (ed) • Verb • To gather • All ships’ companies mustered alongside for the midday meal.
Indifferent • Adjective • Without interest in
Victual (vital) • Noun • Food • A wineskin full I brought along and victuals in a bag.
Civility • Noun • Politeness • …a wild man, ignorant of civility.
Appall (ed) • Adjective • Horrified • We cried aloud, lifting our hands to Zeus, powerless, looking at this, appalled…
Ponderous • Adjective • Extremely heavy thoughts • …we could never move his ponderous doorway slab inside.
Lugger (lagger) • Noun • A small sailing vessel
Profusion • Noun • An abundance
Shipwright • Noun • Carpenter who builds or repairs ships • I leaned on it turning it as a shipwright turns a drill.
Smithy • Noun • A workshop where metal is heated and worked • In a smithy one sees a white-hot axhead or an adz.
Adz • Noun • An ax-like tool
Hale • Adjective • Strong • … the way they make soft iron hale.
Mammoth • Adjective • Gigantic • Out of the cave the mammoth Polyphemus roared in answer:
Breach • Noun • An opening or gap (in a wall)
Titanic • Adjective • Huge
Part One Vocabulary • “The Sirens”, “Scylla and Charybdis”, “The Cattle of the Sun God”
Nymph • Noun • A nature goddess
Brace (s) • Noun • Rope used to swing or secure the sails of a ship
Plumb • Adverb • Exactly
Ardor • Noun • Great passion; emotional warmth
Founder (ing) • Verb • To sink
Comber (s) • Noun • Large ocean wave
Travail • Noun • Agony
Spume • Noun • Foam or froth
Blanch (ed) • Verb • To pale
Grapple • Noun • A grip
Appease • Verb • To satisfy
Supplication • Noun • A humble prayer or request
Insidious • Adjective • Treacherous
Entrails • Noun • Internal organs of humans or animals
Tripe • Noun • The stomach lining of cattle used as food
Overweening • Adjective • Overbearing
Restitution • Noun • The making good or paying for damage or loss
Forestay(s) • Noun • A rope supporting the front mast of a ship
Bilge • Noun • The water around the lower part of a ship
Contentious • Adjective • Quarrelsome; ready to argue