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The Age of Imperialism

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  1. The Age of Imperialism Mr. Mizell, Year II, Humanities

  2. Copy down Vocab • Imperialism – when strong nations take over the political, economic, or social aspects of weaker nations. • Colony – a country governed from the inside by a foreign power • Resource – an asset or source of wealth such as iron or oil • Expansionism – a policy of expanding a country’s economy or territory • Racism – belief that one race is superior to another

  3. The Age of Imperialism • EQ: What are the reasons for Imperialism? • Read the articles and work at your table with your group to answer the questions.

  4. Essential Question • What are the reasons for Imperialism?

  5. 1. Industry/Economic • Industrialized countries need raw materials and resources • Iron, rubber, timber, etc… • Why? – to maintain factories and production of their goods • New lands mean new markets to sell goods

  6. 2. Nationalism • Imperialism will increase national pride • Owning other territories/countries is a sign of strength and prestige • An empire is a measure of greatness • Create a stronger nation

  7. 3.Christian Missionaries • Catholic and Protestants want to “Christianize” and “Civilize” all people • Humanitarian effort • They see themselves as carrying out God’s will

  8. 4. European Racism • European [Anglo-Saxons] believe they are superior and more advanced than other races • Believe they have a right to seize lands and dominate the other races

  9. Quote by Mr. Cecil Rhodes • “I contend that we British are the finest race in the world, and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race…. It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory and we should keep this one idea steadily before our eyes that more territory simply means more of the Anglo-Saxon race, more of the best, the most human, most honorable race the world possesses.”

  10. Creates Imperialism and Competition • Europeans nations will go to weaker, less developed countries and take their resources, and they will dominate and control those nations. • Also, leads to competition among European nations to get the most land/resources

  11. Directions • Finish reading and questions from Friday at your table.

  12. Copy Vocab • Isolation – separation from other nations • Paternalism – governing people in a fatherly way by providing for their needs but not rights • Assimilation – the merging of a culture or its traits into another • Nationalism – loyalty and devotion to your nation • Geopolitical – take land for its strategic location and products

  13. Imperialism Analysis Packets • Work with your groups at your table to analyze and answer questions on the documents and political cartoons.

  14. 2

  15. 3 Before the United States intervened on behalf of these oppressed people After the United States had rescued these people from their oppression

  16. 4

  17. Essential Question • How were Imperialist countries able to take over other lands and how did they control those lands?

  18. Technology • Maxim Gun and other new weapons • Steam Engine – could travel upstream and long distances in shorter time • Railroads/Cables – communication • New treatments for malaria – Europeans now could move deeper into Africa

  19. Africa’s Problems • Not technologically advanced • Not unified – meaning that tribes in Africa did not work together. • Europeans will play rival tribes off of one another

  20. Two Types of Control • 1. Indirect • Imperial country is not as involved • Use current leaders of the country taken over. They are trained and report to the imperialist country • Do not have to change culture • 2. Direct • Paternalism (few freedoms for people) • Use European people to govern • Try to control most aspects of that country • Want people to assimilate to European culture

  21. Imperialism Analysis Packets • Work with your groups at your table to analyze and answer questions on the documents and political cartoons.

  22. Essential Question • How did Imperialism affect Japan?

  23. Japan • Was isolated until 1850s and not industrialized. • US sends fleet under Matthew Perry to Tokyo Harbor • Goal: get trade agreement • Gets foothold in Japan and European countries follow

  24. Meiji Restoration • Japanese people worry they will be taken over and rally around Mutsuhito who supports Japanese nationalism • Mutsuhito becomes Emperor Meiji • Meiji’s Plan • Need to modernize and become “western” in order to prevent European countries from taking control of Japan • Problem: Traditionalist vs Modernists

  25. Directions • Working at your tables, read the two articles on Japan’s changes during the Meiji Restoration and answer the questions.

  26. Effects on Japan • Japan embraces imperialism • Expands into Asia • Modernizes • Economically and militarily • Becomes strongest power in Asia by 1890