Topics in Chinese Linguistics: Introduction to Chinese. Unit 7: Varieties and Changes. Varieties and Changes. Language is not static. It is under constant change. Language is not homogeneous, it has varieties. Variation and variants. Why does a language change?.
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Unit 7: Varieties and Changes
Prof. C. C. Cheng's software can identify male from female: Female-150Hz or higher, Male - 150Hz or lower
The female students' pronunciation of palatal sounds
/w/ vs. /v/
wèi, wén, wàn wén
vèi, vén, vàn vén
xīnwén, yíwàn, wèile, wàijiāo
xīnvén, yívàn, vèile, vàijiāo
Shen (1987) womanish accent 娘娘腔
Wǒ jīntiān máng jí le. Wǒ jīntiān máng sǐ le.
(I am extremely busy today.) (I am busy to death.)
Rénjiā xiáng sǐ nǐ le ye!
(I am terribly missing you!)
Yi Nianhua Tang Baojin Gao Yinxian woman script
Three sister authors woman script
代誌大條（事態很嚴重 serious situation）
520（我愛你 I love you）
LKK（很老氣 old looking）
Any more? The students from Taiwan may contribute.
拿士的 get the stick
坐的士 take a taxi
去士多 to to the store
食多士 to eat a toast
No retroflex sound 台灣國語常缺少卷舌音