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Chinese Religions - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chinese Religions. Daoism . Confucianism. Buddhism. Folk Religion. Imperial Cult. The Chinese Religious View of the World. 1. Chinese religion is inclusive. 2. It is humanistic, concerned with people in this world. Confucianism : Mental transformation into a morally perfect person.

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slide13
4. It is ethical: everything is seen as an ethical situation and ethics are relational; there are NO absolutes in ethical dealings
slide14
Filial Piety (Xiao)

A. Confucian Ethics

slide15
Compassion

Rightenouness

A. Confucian Ethics

slide16

A. Confucian Ethics

  • Loyalty
  • Ritual Relationship (li)
slide17

B. Daoist ethics

  • Accord with the way of nature (dao)
slide18

B. Daoist ethics

  • Non-action (wu-wei)
7 it is concerned with helping people achieve the four goals of life
7. It is concerned with helping people achieve the four goals of life:
  • Long life
  • Many children
  • High position
  • Wealth
daoism23
Daoism
  • Philosophical and religious strains (dao jia and dao jiao)
dao jia
Dao Jia
  • Laozi
dao jia25
Dao Jia
  • Dao De jing
dao jia26
Dao Jia
  • Zhuangzi
dao jiao religion of ordinary people
Dao Jiao: religion of ordinary people

Aims:

  • To meet everyday needs to bring people to a better life
  • To transform people into more ethical beings in accord with Dao
dao jiao religion of ordinary people29
Dao Jiao: religion of ordinary people
  • To understand how to succeed in the world
dao jiao religion of ordinary people31
Dao Jiao: religion of ordinary people
  • To attain the Chinese goals of: Long life, many children, high position and wealth
dao jiao religion of ordinary people32
Dao Jiao: religion of ordinary people
  • To achieve immortality: create “perfected men” (only a few dedicated practitioners)
methods
Methods:

-Faith Healing

methods34
Methods:

-Fasting and repentance

methods35
Methods:

-Pantheon of gods and deities

daoist establishment
Daoist establishment:
  • Temples
  • Priests
  • Nuns
  • Sects and lineages
confucianism48
Confucianism
  • Confucius: (Kung Fuzi)
confucianism49
Confucianism
  • Mencius (Mengzi)
slide50

Confucianism

Aim:
  • To create a just society
slide51

Aim:

  • To transform all people into ethical beings
slide52

Aim:

  • To attain the good things in life
methods53
Methods:
  • Study the classics and other scriptures
methods54
Methods:
  • Study the world around you
slide55

Methods:

  • Revere your ancestors
slide56

Methods:

  • Respect the relations between peoples
slide57

Methods:

  • Put the needs of others before your own
slide58

Methods:

  • Associate only with good people
slide61

Confucian establishment

  • Confucian Temples and ceremonies
buddhism in china
Buddhism in China
  • Mahayana Buddhism adapts to China
    • Reliance on Boddhisattvas
    • Family oriented policies
    • Emphasis on filial piety and the afterlife
    • Connections with ruling: the ideal ruler
    • Emphasis on compassion rather than wisdom
    • Amalgamation with Daoism