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Allegory Group Essay. Directions. In your group, designate roles: Writer This person will be responsible for writing down the material the others find. Researchers These people will be responsible for finding information in the text to support the ideas. Directions.

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directions
Directions
  • In your group, designate roles:
    • Writer
      • This person will be responsible for writing down the material the others find.
    • Researchers
      • These people will be responsible for finding information in the text to support the ideas.
directions1
Directions

As a group, you must answer the following question in a well-developed essay with textual support. (Think TIQA because I’ll be looking for it!) In addition, I’ll be looking at organization, intro, conclusion, TIQA, and textual evidence. THIS IS A QUIZ GRADE!

Explain how Lord of the Flies is a psychological allegory.

slide4
Id
  • Driven by the pleasure principle, which strives for immediate gratification of all desires, wants, and needs.
  • If these needs are not satisfied immediately, the result is a state anxiety or tension.
    • For example, an increase in hunger or thirst should produce an immediate attempt to eat or drink.
  • However, immediately satisfying these needs is not always realistic or even possible. If we were ruled entirely by the pleasure principle, we might find ourselves grabbing things we want out of other people's hands to satisfy our own cravings.
  • This sort of behavior would be both disruptive and socially unacceptable.
slide5
Ego

The component of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality.

The ego develops from the id and ensures that the impulses of the id can be expressed in a manner acceptable in the real world.

Operates based on the reality principle, which strives to satisfy the id's desires in realistic and socially appropriate ways.

The reality principle weighs the costs and benefits of an action before deciding to act upon or abandon impulses. In many cases, the id's impulses can be satisfied through a process of delayed gratification--the ego will eventually allow the behavior, but only in the appropriate time and place.

superego
Superego

The aspect of personality that holds all of our internalized moral standards and ideals that we acquire from both parents and society--our sense of right and wrong.

The superego provides guidelines for making judgments.

directions2
Directions
  • Explain how Lord of the Flies is a psychological allegory. (Hint: which characters most resemble each idea?)
  • Remember:
    • Id: The part of the personality reflecting unorganized, instinctual impulses. If unbridled, it seeks immediate gratification of primitive needs.
    • Ego: The part of the personality corresponding most nearly to the perceived self, the controlling self that holds back the impulsiveness of the id in the effort to delay gratification until it can be found in socially approved ways.
    • Superego: The part of the personality corresponding most nearly to conscience, controlling through moral scruples rather than by way of social expediency. The superego is said to be an uncompromising and punishing conscience.
    • Unconscious: Memories, impulses and desires that are not available to consciousness. According to the psychoanalytic theories of Freud, painful memories and wishes are sometimes repressed – that is, diverted to the unconscious where they continue to influence our actions even though we are not aware of them.