The Odyssey. Homer. New Terms. Homeric – 1. Of, relating to, or characteristic of the Greek poet Homer, his age(time period), or his writings. 2. Of epic proportions: heroic.
Homeric – 1. Of, relating to, or characteristic of the Greek poet Homer, his age(time period), or his writings. 2. Of epic proportions: heroic.
Odyssey – 1. A long wandering or voyage usually marked by many changes in fortune. 2. an intellectual or spiritual wandering or quest.
The Odyssey is an Epic Poem as told by the great Greek poet Homer. It is the story of Odysseus, a man from Ithaca, who is trying to return home to his wife.
Epic Poems are stories that have been fitted to the conventions of poetry (e.g. – rhyme and meter), are often quite long, and are meant to be performed. Much of the foundation of story telling lies in the conventions ascribed to Epic Poetry, and we would not have much of the “western canon” without the foundation that was given to us.
Sorry, but there are a lot. Almost every major language has an epic poem attributed to it. However, the only ones that we are going to be interested in in this unit are The Odyssey and The Iliad. Mostly because they are the only two that have anything to do with Homer.
Gods play a large role in classic Greek literature. Unlike the different gods of modern religion, Greek gods were not omniscient. Therefore they could be fooled, persuaded, aggravated, betrayed, deceitful, manipulative, irrational, opinionated, etc.
Deus ex machina – machine of the gods
Take a direct place in the affairs of men
Calypso – Sea goddess that has imprisoned Odysseus at the beginning of the story
Zeus – King of the gods. God of thunder, lightning, awesomeness
Apollo – The Sun god. God of Music, poetry, prophecy and medicine
Poseidon – God of the sea, earthquakes, horses, and storms
Athena – Goddess of skills, wisdom and warfare
Cronus – Titan ruler of the universe, Zeus’ father(What else might he be the god of?)