Intro to Egypt - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Intro to Egypt

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  1. Intro to Egypt CHW3M

  2. Egypt • Egypt coalesces into a cohesive kingdom around 3100 BCE • not long after establishment of Sumeria • Various dynasties ruled over Egypt for about 3000 years • Outside forces dominate Egypt towards the end • Nubians, Assyrians, Persians in late dynastic period • Greeks take over in 332 BCE, Romans in 48 BCE • In 642 CE Arabs take control

  3. Geography • Egyptian civilization is based along the Nile river • The “backbone” of Egypt • The ancient Egyptians thought of Egypt as being divided into two types of land: the 'black land' and the 'red land’

  4. The Black Land • A.K.A. Kemet • The fertile land on the banks of the Nile • Used for growing crops • This was the only land in ancient Egypt that could be farmed because a layer of rich, black silt was deposited there every year after the Nile flooded

  5. The Red Land • A.K.A. Deshret • Barren desert that protected Egypt on two sides • These deserts separated ancient Egypt from neighbouring countries and invading armies • They also provided the ancient Egyptians with a source for precious metals and semi-precious stones • Also contained six oases (or wadis)

  6. The Nile • Not only important for agriculture (silt, irrigation) • Also a key transportation system between communities • Stable and predictable (moreso than Tigris or Euphrates)

  7. Upper vs Lower Egypt • Upper Egypt consists of the Nile river valley • 6-20 km wide • Called ta-shema (land of the shema reed) • High cliffs and mountains on either side of river • River flows in a single stream all the way to Cairo

  8. Upper vs Lower Egypt • Lower Egypt starts at Cairo, where the Nile separates into branches and flows out through the Nile river delta into the Mediterranean • Called ta-mehu (land of the papyrus plant) • Very fertile plain • Lots of waterfowl • Access to Mediterranean was important for trade