Examples of Macrosociology (1) • Macrosociology is concerned with societies and parts of societies • Important question: How do societies change? • One way is through technological change • Consider the introduction of the automobile Q: What changed with the introduction of the automobile?
Examples of Macrosociology (2) The Automobile • For starters: • Most people today afraid to be on a horse • Not many songs about blue-tail flies • Not so many flies • Geography of supermarket products • On average travel about 1000 miles • Harms local producers • Road construction now big business • Good for immigrants
Examples of Macrosociology (3) • Riches and destitution: why are there rich people and poor people? • Are the rich really different? • How much of success is inherited, how much earned?
Examples of Macrosociology (4) • Racial and ethnic relations • Where do race and ethnicity come from? • Why and how do they make a difference?
Examples of Macrosociology (5a) • Interactions between parts of society • Example: after-school daycare programs illustrate interactions between • economy and family – two earners needed • education and family – school hours affect possible working hours • education and government – govt determines public school hours
Globalization • Economy • Popular culture • Hollywood • CDs of recent US movie releases cheap in China • Companies try to export US property rights law, too • Bollywood • Even the nickname reflects globalization • Hip- hop • Jamaica + Bronx worldwide tunes • Gangnam style
Globalization: Early Theory • One of the early analyses of globalization was The Communist Manifesto • 1848 • By Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
Micro vs Macro: The Sociological Imagination • The Sociological Imagination (Mills) • Key: ability to see connection between the life of the individual (microsociology) and the larger social context (macrosociology) • Involves ability to see connections between … • Biography and history • Personal troubles and public issues