Do Now . In your notebooks explain who were (was) Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists? While you are answering that, show me your notebooks with the weekend’s reading . Homework.
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After the various defeats (Opium War) and more European challenges, the people wanted greater reforms and responses.
In 1898, the young Emperor Guangxu pushed for reforms in education, modernizing the military (to challenge the West) and reform the government.
Too many officials in the Qing Dynasty saw this a threat to their way of life (meaning their own personal way of life. They showed little concern for the average Chinese person). They convinced Dowager Empress back to court.
She acted quickly, she placed Guangxuunder arrest and she re-took control of the government
The people sought to change the course the country was on. Frustrated with the lack of reforms, the special privileges for foreigners,… The people created a secret society called the Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists. Foreigners called them the “Boxers.”
The rebellion was known as the Boxer Rebellion and it challenged the Empress and the foreigners.
It began in the spring of 1900. The Boxers came to Beijing and surrounded the foreigner section of the city for several months.
After the Empress died in 1908 before many of the governmental reforms occurred. The last Emperor Pu Yi took the throne at age 2. Emperor (Pu Yi ) came to power too young to serve and the country wanted change now. He was forced from the throne. First his power was restricted and then eventually exiled.
A revolution turned the country into a republic in 1911. His caretakers arranged for his abdication but he was allowed to keep his title and live in mock-imperial state. Pu Yi did not realize that anything had changed, but as his biographer Edward Behr remarked, his palace was the first of his many prisons. He died in 1967, after living through WWII, Russian captivity and later a prisoner under Mao’s government