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Chapter 4 PowerPoint Presentation

Chapter 4

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Chapter 4

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  1. Chapter 4 Prefixes

  2. Learning Objectives • Identify and define common prefixes used in medical terms. • Analyze, spell, and pronounce medical terms that contain prefixes.

  3. Chapter 4 Lesson 4.1

  4. Combining Forms carp/o hemat/o son/o top/o Meaning wrist bones blood sound place, position, location Review Combining Forms

  5. Suffix -ation -emia -oma -pnea Meaning process, condition blood condition tumor, mass breathing Review Combining Forms and Suffixes

  6. Basic Prefixes Example • apnea • analysis • bradycardia • congenital • diarrhea • Prefix • a-, an- • ana- • brady- • con- • dia- • Meaning • no, not, without • up, apart • slow • with, together • through, complete

  7. Basic Prefixes (cont’d.) Example • dysplasia • excision • neonatal • relapse • Prefix • dys- • ex- • neo- • re- • Meaning • bad, painful, difficult • out, away from • new • back, again

  8. Additional Medical Terms • Adrenal Glands: endocrine glands located above each kidney • Antibiotic: destroys or inhibits the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria • Antigen:foreign substances, such as bacteria and viruses

  9. Additional Medical Terms (cont’d.) • Tachycardia:Condition of fast heartbeat • Bradycardia:Slow heartbeat • Congenital Anomaly: An irregularity in a structure or organ that an infant is born with • Dialysis: Removing harmful waste products from the body with an artificial kidney machine (dialysis machine)

  10. Additional Medical Terms (cont’d.) • Ectopic Pregnancy: An abnormal pregnancy when the embryo implants outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes, but sometimes on an ovary or in the abdominal cavity • Parathyroid Glands: Four endocrine glands located on the dorsal side of the thyroid gland that function separately from the thyroid gland • Prolapse: To fall or slide forward, often used to describe an organ, such as a prolapsed uterus

  11. Additional Medical Terms (cont’d.) • Retroperitoneal:Pertaining to behind the Peritoneum. The kidneys and adrenal glands are retroperitoneal organs. • Syndrome: A group of signs or symptoms that commonly occur together and indicate a particular disease or abnormal condition • Subcutaneous: Lower layer of the skin composed of fatty tissue

  12. Additional Medical Terms (cont’d.) • Tachycardia: Condition of fast, rapid heart beat • Transurethral: When an instrument passes through the urethra • Ultrasonography: A diagnostic technique using ultrasound waves to produce an image or photograph of an organ or tissue

  13. Term antepartum bradycardia endoscopy hemiplegia metastasis Pronunciation AN-te-PAR-tum bra-de-KAR-de-ah en-DOS-ko-pe heh-me-PLE-jah meh-TAS-tah-sis Pronunciation of Terms

  14. Term periosteum retroperitoneal tachycardia unilateral Pronunciation per-e-OS-te-um reh-tro-peri-ih-to-NE-al tak-eh-KAR-de-ah u-nih-LAT-er-al Pronunciation of Terms (cont’d.)