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The Cold War [1945-1991]: An Ideological Struggle. Soviet & Eastern Bloc Nations [“Iron Curtain”]. US & the Western Democracies. GOAL  “Containment” of Communism & the eventual collapse of the Communist world. [ George Kennan ]. GOAL  spread world-wide Communism. METHODOLOGIES:

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The Cold War [1945-1991]: An Ideological Struggle

Soviet & Eastern Bloc Nations[“Iron Curtain”]

US & the Western Democracies

GOAL “Containment” of Communism & the eventual collapse of the Communist world.[George Kennan]

GOAL spread world-wide Communism

  • METHODOLOGIES:
  • Espionage [KGB vs. CIA]
  • Arms Race [nuclear escalation]
  • Ideological Competition for the minds and hearts of Third World peoples [Communist govt. & command economy vs. democratic govt. & capitalist economy]  “proxy wars”
  • Bi-Polarization of Europe [NATO vs. Warsaw Pact]
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George Kennan [“X Article”]: CONTAINMENTGoals Means Actual Application

  • Restorationof the balance of power

Encouragement of self-confidence in nations threatened by Soviet expansion.

Long-term program of U.S. economic assistance [Marshall Plan]

Exploitation of tensions in international communism.

Cooperation with communist regimes; [supporting Titoism in Yugoslavia]

  • Reduction of Soviet ability to project outside power.
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George Kennan [“X Article”]: CONTAINMENTGoals Means Actual Application

  • Modification of the Soviet concept of international relations.

Negotiating settlement of outstanding differences.

Using “carrots & sticks’; containing Germany with an embrace and Russia at arms length.

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Korean War[1950-1953]

Kim Il-Sung

Syngman Rhee

“Domino Theory”