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Resource Use and Ecotourism and their Effects upon the Environment: Is it worth the risk? Julie L. Turt EDN 506 October 10, 2005 http://www.conservationafrica.org/iye/iye-logo2.gif Ecotourism e·co·tour·ism (n.)
Is it worth the risk?
Julie L. Turt
October 10, 2005
Tourism involving travel to areas of natural or ecological interest, typically under the guidance of a naturalist, for the purpose of observing wildlife and learning about the environment (“Ecotourism”).
Tourism designed to raise public awareness of the environment, to sensitize travelers to nature and its processes, and to reduce negative impacts of human activities on natural areas (Issacs 2000).
1970s: Emerged from conservationists in Latin America and Africa simultaneously (Honey 1999)
1980s: Gained support within the United States, and this trend continues to the present day
Fastest growing industry on the earth
9% annual growth rate(Issacs 2000)
rē'sôrs yūz (n.)
The utilization of an energy or a material source for industrial, commercial, or domestic purposes
It can be either sustainable or unsustainable
sə-stā'nə-bəl rē'sôrs yūz (n.)
The utilization of an energy or a material source for industrial, commercial, or domestic purposes that is capable of being continued with minimal long-term effect on the environment
ĕn-dān'jərd spē'shēz ăkt (n.)
Legislative law that protects threatened organisms of a distinct population segment against extinction
“An intentional or negligent act or omission which creates the likelihood of injury to wildlife by annoying it to such an extent as to significantly disrupt normal behavioral patterns which include, but are not limited to, breeding, feeding, or sheltering” (Sullins 2001).
Harassment can cause physiological changes, altered behavior, and decreased survivorship.
“Better to let the wild animals stay wild than kill them with mistaken kindness”
- David Seideman, 1997
1. Remain at least 100 yards from marine mammals. 2. Time spent observing individual(s) should be limited to 30 minutes.3. Whales should not be encircled or trapped between boats, or boats and shore.4. If approached by a whale, put the engine in neutral and allow the whale to pass.Federal law prohibits pursuit of marine mammals.Even if approached by a marine mammal:Do not offer the animal food, and do not touch or swim with the animal due to disease transmission and unpredictable behavior.
“Alaska Marine Mammal Viewing Guidelines and Regulations.” NOAA Fisheries. 20 Aug. 2003. 2 Oct. 2005. http://www.fakr.noaa.gov/protectedresources/mmv/guide.htm
"ecotourism." The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. Answers.com GuruNet Corp. 02 Oct. 2005. http://www.answers.com/topic/ecotourism
Honey, M.S. 1999. Treading Lightly? Ecotourism’s Impact on the Environmnet. Environment,Vol. 41, No. 5, pp. 4-9.
Issacs, J.C. 2000. The Limited Potential of Ecotourism to Contribute to Wildlife Conservation. Wildlife Society Bulletin, Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 61-69.
Seideman, David. 1997. Swimming with Trouble. Audubon, Vol. 99, pp. 76 – 82.
Sullins, Tony A. ESA: Endangered Species Act. USA: American Bar Association, 2001.