Exercise, Health and Lifestyle . Lifestyle factors . Learning outcomes . Lifestyle factors . Lifestyle factors Matchup task . Lorraine's task . Physical Activity .
Exercise, Health and Lifestyle Lifestyle factors
Lifestyle factors Matchup task • Lorraine's task
Physical Activity • Physical activity is a very important factor in maintaining a healthy wellbeing. Physical activity does not mean going to the gym for two hours every day. • Physical activity although it does cover sport such as football and swimming it also includes walking and gardening. • Physical activity requires the heart rate to be raised slightly and breathing to be increased.
It is recommended that adults carry out thirty minutes of moderate physical activity, at least five times per week. The thirty minutes can be broken up in to smaller chunks of ten minutes throughout the day. It is recommended that this is increased for children and young people to sixty minutes per day.
Following Recommendations • By following these recommendations it will lead to a healthier lifestyle and can help with the following: • Reduce obesity • Helps to maintain weight or helps to reduce weight, if overweight. • Reduce risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) • Keeps the heart healthy. • Reduce high blood pressure • Helps to keep blood pressure more stable. • Reduce depression • Helps to make you feel good about yourself. • Reduce stress • Provides a release from everyday pressure.
Booze Britain • Alcohol has become a very big part of the culture in the UK, with many individuals drinking much more than the recommended units per week. As a result there has been an increase in a number of illnesses relating to heart disease and cancer. Although there is no research to show any safe limits on alcohol, recommendations have been set. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PA1gDo4OXp4&safe=active
Working out units • It is important to know how to calculate a unit to gain an understanding of exactly how much alcohol is consumed. One unit equals 10ml of pure alcohol. To calculate the unit of alcohol the following information is needed: • Strength (ABV) • Volume (ml) • Calculating units • The following formula is used to calculate the number of units per drink: • Number of units = Strength (ABV%) x Volume (ml) ÷ 1000
Smoking • is recommended that to remain healthy smoking should be avoided due to the health risks associated with it. Smoking leads to both short and long-term effects on the body. Smoking kills around 115,000 people each year in the UK. • This is from illnesses such as cardiovascular disease, emphysema and cancer. It is not only people that smoke that can be harmed through smoking; • second hand smoke can also lead to similar effects. Second hand smoke is when people that do not smoke, breathe in the fumes of someone smoking. It is the content of a cigarette that causes the damage including tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide.
Health effects • There are a number of long-term effects associated with stress. Click on the link below to find a table which provides a description of some the risks and explains what effect it has on the body. The risks include both psychological and physical effects. When people are stressed they often do not look after themselves properly and are: • Less likely to eat a balanced diet • More likely to drink more alcohol • More likely to smoke more cigarettes • Less likely to sleep well • Less likely to do any exercise
Diet Fat can also provide energy once all of the carbohydrate energy has been consumed. There are two types of fat: Saturated fat which provides insulation and protects against the cold. Unsaturated fat surrounds the vital organs and is there to protect them Carbohydrates Carbohydrates provide energy and is broken up in to two parts: Simple carbohydrates such as sugars which provide short bursts of energy. Complex carbohydrates such as starch which provides longer bouts of energy. Vitamins and Minerals Vitamins and minerals are essential to good health, but are only needed in small amounts. Eating a balanced and varied diet will ensure that the correct amounts of vitamins and minerals are available for the body. Protein Protein provides growth and development for the body, it also aids in repairing any damage caused.