1st Semester Final Jeopardy Review
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This European power, the first to explore new water routes to Asia, was disinterested in colonization. • Portugal
Which English colony was founded by a Roman Catholic and practiced religious toleration? • Maryland
What was John Rolfe’s contribution to colonial America? • He developed tobacco as a cash crop, ensuring the survival of Jamestown, VA.
What was the last of the Colonial Wars, which resulted in the dominance of Anglo-Americans in North America? • The French and Indian War (1763)
In the 1700s, Massachusetts and Virginia were both Royal Colonies with domestic representative bodies. What was the name of the representative body of Virginia? • House of Burgesses
This was issued, often without probable cause, to authorize a search for smuggled goods. • A Writ of Assistance
This religious denomination believed that people destined for heaven were chosen before they were born. • Calvinists
This dissident from Massachusetts Bay formed a new colony based on separation of Church and State. • Roger Williams
This was the first American university. It prepared Puritan ministers for their calling. • Harvard
Separatist Puritans agreed to abide by the rule of the majority in this landmark civil pact. • The Mayflower Compact
This 1740’s religious movement shook the foundations of the congregational churches of America. • The Great Awakening
Freedom of the press was first established in a colonial legal case involving this man. • Peter Zenger
In the triangular trade system, what key product came from the New England leg of the triangle? • Rum
Colonies exist for the benefit of the Mother Country. This is the premise of what economic policy. • Mercantilism
Why did American colonists resent the Sugar Act of 1764 so strongly? • It was a revenue raising measure, rather than a tax to control trade.
The primary reason for this 1765 act of Parliament was to raise money to pay for the defense of the colonies. • The Stamp Act of 1765
The Boston Tea Party led to these punitive acts of Parliament. • The Intolerable (Coercive) Acts
More than anything else, this result of the fighting between the British and French in America led to stricter commercial laws in the colonies. • A huge national debt in England
This was the most effective weapon that colonists used against British taxation. • Non-consumption (boycotts)
This English philosopher’s ideas were central to the Declaration of Independence. • John Locke
He was Britain’s finance minister in 1763. He stepped up enforcement of trade laws, angering colonial merchants used to being left alone. • Lord George Grenville
Britain closed the port of Boston to trade after this event, provoked by the Sons of Liberty. • The Boston Tea Party
The Navigation Acts were rarely enforced prior to 1763. What was this approach known as? • Salutary Neglect
Place the following Revolutionary War battles in order. • Yorktown • Trenton • Saratoga • Bunker Hill Bunker Hill, Trenton, Saratoga, Yorktown
How many terms could a president serve under the Articles of Confederation? • One of the many weaknesses of the Articles was that it did not provide for an executive branch of government.
This rebellion by western farmers underscored the weakness of the central govt. under the A of C. • Shays’ Rebellion
The Philadelphia Convention was held in this year in order to revise the Articles of Confederation. • 1787
James Madison, John Jay, and this man wrote the Federalist Papers in an effort to win ratification of the new Constitution in New York state. • Alexander Hamilton
This state refused to send delegates to the Constitutional Convention and was last to ratify the document. • Rhode Island
The Virginia and New Jersey Plans were wed to create this compromise. • The Connecticut (Great) Compromise
When the new Constitution went into effect, what was significant about the census as it related to African slaves in the South. • Slaves would count as 3/5 of a person for representation purposes
What issue threatened to derail ratification of the Constitution? • Lack of a Bill of Rights
It was in this year that the government under the U.S. Constitution went into effect.It was another two years before the Bill of Rights was added. • 1789
What is the ultimate source of political power according to the Constitution? • The People
Having the support of creditors because of an on-going national debt was the policy of this man. • Hamilton
Which political party favored states’ rights in 1794? • Democratic-Republicans (Jeffersonians)
During whose administration were the Alien and Sedition Acts passed to silence criticism of the govt.? • John Adams
The first mention of nullification was put forth in these pronouncements by Jefferson and Madison. • The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
This president cautioned against establishing permanent alliances. • George Washington
What was the clearest example of Hamilton’s belief in the implied powers within the Constitution? • His creation of the Bank of the U.S.
The defeat of this uprising demonstrated the new strength of the new Federal government. • The Whiskey Rebellion
What two political parties existed as of 1789? • No real political parties existed, only factions within the government.
What type of society did Jefferson envision as persisting in America, especially after purchasing Louisiana. • An Agricultural Society
How long did it take for South Carolina to threaten to secede after passage of the Tariff of 1816? • 16 years - the 1816 tariff was viewed as a reasonable protective tariff by most - later tariffs will arouse Southern anger.
This Supreme Court case affirmed the high court’s right to judicial review. • Marbury v. Madison
Even though this action was considered a huge failure for Jefferson, it did foster manufacturing in the U.S. • Embargo Act of 1807
The impressment of American sailors into the British Navy and freedom of the seas were key reasons for the declaration of this war. • War of 1812
This meeting was politically damaging for the Federalists, partly because it came just as the U.S. “won” the War of 1812. • The Hartford Convention