shang dynasty 1750 1050 bce
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Shang Dynasty 1750-1050 BCE . Chinese civilization is one of oldest, continuous on earth 5,000 years of history. Outside China during Shang period. Hammurabi’s code Mycenaean Civ. In Greece Vedic period in India Stonehenge Moses led Israelites out of Egypt Mayans processed rubber

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shang dynasty 1750 1050 bce
Shang Dynasty 1750-1050 BCE
  • Chinese civilization is one of oldest, continuous on earth
  • 5,000 years of history
outside china during shang period
Outside China during Shang period
  • Hammurabi’s code
  • Mycenaean Civ. In Greece
  • Vedic period in India
  • Stonehenge
  • Moses led Israelites out of Egypt
  • Mayans processed rubber
  • King Tut
  • Homer’s Troy fell
  • Ramses III of Egypt
neolithic settlements in yangtze yellow river valleys
Neolithic settlements in Yangtze & Yellow river valleys
  • Yangshao-painted pottery
  • Longshan-black pottery
shang dynasty c 1750 1050 bce
Shang Dynasty c.1750-1050 BCE
  • Impressive bronze technology
  • Oracle bones—beginning of writing system
important ideas from shang
Important ideas from Shang

Notion of supreme heavenly power—Shangdi (god above)

Belief in power of spirits of ancestors to affect events on earth

Importance of rituals venerating ancestors & role of king in performing rituals

shang was agricultural society
Shang was agricultural society

Therefore rituals

To facilitate ancestor reverence

Manifested in bronzes & oracle bones

emergence of state level society
Emergence of state level society
  • Complex society
  • Often called “civilization”
  • Or “state-level” society
  • In China shifts toward state-level society began the dynastic phase of Chinese history
shang culture characterized by
Shang culture characterized by:

Centralized government

Urban communities

Stratified social classes

Palatial architecture

Distinctive writing system

Elaborate religious rituals

Sophisticated art forms

shang culture characterized by1
Shang culture characterized by

Bronze metallurgy

Horse drawn chariot

Ability to mobilize human labor for huge projects/corvee labor

Relatively accurate calendar

Money in form of cowrie shells

Pantheon of gods

Complex lineage structure

shang musical instruments
Shang musical instruments
  • Music used as “civilizing” influence in state rituals

Drums

Bells

Chiming stones

ocarinas

auspicious bronzes of the state
“Auspicious Bronzes of the State”

9 ding representing 9 provinces

King Yu of the Xia cast after bringing floods under control

Dings passed to Shang & later to Zhou

Possession was symbol of power & prestige

http://depts.washington.edu/chinaciv/index.htm

shang economic features
Shang economic features

Tamed water buffalo

Cultivated rice in south

Grain grown in north

leaders addicted to
Leaders addicted to:

Warfare

Hunting

Wine

Human & animal sacrifice

leaders engaged in military expeditions
Leaders engaged in military expeditions

Plunder & tribute part of royal economy

New weapons part of passion for hunting

Hunting good practice for warfare

ancestor reverence
Ancestor reverence

Ultimate source of political power was royal ancestors

Deceased ministers had some influence

Dead went to Heaven

Intercede on behalf of descendants

So ritual life of Shang court was sequence of sacrifices to ancestors

bronze metallurgy
Bronze metallurgy
  • Bronze vessels necessary for ritual sacrifice
  • Vessels for wine
  • Vessels for food
  • Vessels for water
  • Musical instruments
  • www.chinavoc.com/arts/handicraft/bronze.htm
divination oracle bones
Divination/Oracle Bones

Important actions required divination

Tortoise shell or animal shoulder blade

Questions about warfare, weather, life decisions

http://www.chinavista.com/experience/oracle/oracle.html

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