Further Challenge To begin to evaluate Golding’s intention and social message in the novel. Chapter 1 - LOTF LO: to explore how Golding’s presentation of characters, setting and themes in Chapter 1 is significant. SA – narrative structure: Think and review What indications are there that the boys have crashed onto the island from the opening paragraph of the novel? Pair-share – take turns to outline your views to your partner. Why did Golding choose to start the novel in this ambiguous way?
Exploring Character Presentation Challenge Use sophisticated vocabulary. Verbal and written response Rally Robin words to describe the presentation of 1) Ralph’s character 2)Piggy’s character from your reading of the text so far. Followed by all-write-round-robin Followed by written task – you have 7 minutes to complete the table on your sheet. Consider language closely.
The Sound of the Shell Paired Task: Read pages 12 – 14 and fill in the table below:
Analysing Language and CharacterGroup Work As a group, write down who said the following quotes. Look at the key words you would analyse closely and consider what these quotes indicate to the reader about this character. • “I expect we’ll want to know all their names and make a list. We ought to have a meeting.” (Page 16) • “[…] bore this with a sort of humble patience.” (Page 19) • “How does he know we’re here?” (Page 19) • “We may stay here till we die.” (Page 20) • “We got to do something.” (Page 21) One person from each group will be asked to stand and share with the other members of the class.
The Conch “Ralph took the shell from Piggy and a little water ran down his arm. In colour the shell was deep cream, touched here and there with fading pink. Between the point, worn away into a little hole, and the pink lips of the mouth, lay eighteen inches of shell with a slight spiral twist and covered with a delicate, embossed patter.” (Page 22) Paired Discussion: What does the conch symbolise on the island? Is it Ralph or Piggy’s idea to use the conch to summon the other boys? Why is this significant?
The Children Respond to the Sound of the Shell • Remember to: • Embed your quotes • Analyse language closely • Refer to Golding’s intention “Piggy moved among the crowd, asking names and frowning to remember them. The children gave him the same simple obedience that they had given to the men with megaphones. Some were naked and carrying their clothes: other half-naked, or more or less dressed, in school uniforms; grey, blue, fawn, jacketed or jerseyed. There were badges, mottoes even, stripes of colour in stockings and pullovers … Something was being done.” (Page 25) PEA style question: How does Golding present the children on the island in this section of the text?
The Arrival of the Choir For example: “something dark” – unspecific creature or presence. ‘Dark’ normally means something bad or malicious; this creates a sense of unease. Individual Task: Re-read the last paragraph on page 26 and page 27. In a spider diagram, write key words Golding uses to describe the choir’s arrival on the beach. Look at the use of colour and imagery. Analyse language closely. What atmosphere is Golding trying to create here?
Jack Merridew “Inside the floating cloak he was tall, thin, and bony: and his hair was red beneath the black cap. His face was crumpled and freckled, and ugly without silliness. Out of this face stared two light blue eyes, frustrated now, and turning, or ready to turn, to anger.” (Page 27) Think: What are the key words to be analysed here? Timed-pair-share: What are your first impressions of Jack’s character?
Jack Merridew Complete in your exercise books. Use the table below (b) or write as a PEA style response considering Golding’s intention (a).
Roger “There was a slight, furtive boy whom no one knew, who kept to himself with an inner intensity of avoidance and secrecy.” Think: Underline and consider the key words to analyse here. Pair-share: What are your first impressions of Roger’s character?
Homework Annotate chapters 2&3. Presentation of character. Symbolism – fire, beastie (fear) In your booklet, complete all questions on page 2 of your booklet.
Chapter 1 cont. Further challenge To understand Golding’s social message and intention. LO: to understand the significance of Golding’s language in Chapter 1. To understand how to answer the extract based question. SA: revision. Revise the questions completed for homework. You will be asked to stand up and share your views on character, setting and theme.
Democracy • Top Tips • Refer to the question asked. • Include quotes and analyse language closely • Link to themes and Golding’s intention and link to events later in the novel (a) Why do you think Golding refers to the ‘toy of voting’ on page 30? How does Jack feel about losing the vote? Find evidence to support your answer. ‘The choir belongs to you, of course.’ What mistake does Ralph make here?
Peer Marking • Refer to the question asked. • Include quotes and analyse language closely • Link to themes and Golding’s intention and link to events later in the novel (a) • Write WWW and EBI. Be specific on how to improve.
Simon Challenge What is Golding’s intention by presenting this character? What will become rare in the novel? Group Discussion: How does Golding introduce the character of Simon? He faints at the end of page 27. “Now that the pallor of his faint was over, he was a skinny, vivid little boy, with a glance coming up from under a hut of straight hair that hung down, black and coarse.”
Ralph, Simon and Jack explore the island • Top Tips • Refer to the question asked. • Include quotes and analyse language closely • Link to themes and Golding’s intention and link to events later in the novel (a) Why is it significant that Jack is not successful in his first attempt at slaughtering a pig? What is foreshadowed here?
Review of Chapter 1 Further Challenge Include one key quote for each idea outlined. In a spider diagram or list, outline the important and significant ideas / moments of chapter 1.
The Types of Questions • In the exam, the extract based question will feature words or phrases such as: • How is tension created? • How does Golding’s prose make this a … • Significant • Important • Powerful • Frightening • Horrifying • Fascinating • dramatic … moment in the novel? • How does Golding’s writing vividly convey the character of …
Answering the Question • Purpose/message – Golding’s views on human nature, the concepts of morality, civilisation and savagery • Atmosphere • Relationships between characters • Language/dialogue • Description of the island/the weather • Foreshadowing / reminiscent / irony • Symbolism / titles • Themes • Narrative/plot
Expressing Your Ideas • Irony • Foreshadowing • This is reminiscent of … • This prepares the reader for … • This helps to move the narrative forward • This suggests … about the character of … • Tension/conflict is created/established as … • This symbolises … • This represents … • Golding carefully sets the scene … creating an atmosphere of …
Timings You have 45 minutes to answer this question. Spend 10 minutes reading through the extract – find five or six quotes to focus on for your answer. Each quote should represent a different idea for how Golding makes this a ‘significant’ moment. Don’t forget to plan your work in your answer booklet.
Writing Introductions Point: Golding makes this moment significant by…(yellow box) Evidence: Choose key quotes to prove the point you are making Analyse: Look at key words and how Golding uses language effectively. Comment on imagery or symbolism. Link: Make a link to Golding’s intention, key themes and other events in the novel. Keep them short and focused. For example … Homework due for Monday 21st January. Write at least 600 words. Complete or face the wrath of my fascist regime!!!! Golding’s prose makes this section of the novel particularly significant in a number of ways. For example, the character of Jack and his choir is introduced for the first time and the tensions that will exist between the characters of Piggy and Jack are suggested.
Main Development • Purpose/message – Golding’s views on human nature, the concepts of morality, civilisation and savagery • Atmosphere • Relationships between characters • Language/dialogue • Description of the island/the weather • Foreshadowing • Symbolism • Themes • Narrative/plot • Read through the extract given. • Number 6-7 ways this extract is significant and underlines the quotes to be used. • Choose the most important point for your introduction.
Conclusion As with your introduction, make sure that your conclusion is concise and focused on the keywords of the question. Mention one or two different techniques from you introduction. To conclude, Golding’s prose makes this a significant moment in the novel in a variety ways. These include introducing the physical fragility of Simon and foreshadowing the influence of the beast.
The main CHARACTERS • Person A – Jack (see pages 27-29) • Person B – Roger (see page 27) • Person C – Piggy (see pages 11-12) • Person D – Ralph (see page 15) Individually Answer all three questions, using quotations: How is your character described? What is your first impression of the character’s personality? What type of behaviour do you expect your character to demonstrate throughout the novel?
Two Minute Analysis In groups of four Timed share: Taking turns, each person must give their analysis of their character, speaking for two minutes The rest of you should take down notes as bullet points to be used for revision