Terrorism Timeline 1970s – 2000s Tracy To Per: 3
Munich Olympic Massacre, September 5, 1972 Known as “Black September”, eight Palestinian terrorists captured eleven Israeli athletes during the Olympic in Munich, West Germany. There was nine of hostages injured and five terrorists were killed.
Grand MosqueSeizure, November 20, 1979 • 200 Islamic terrorists captured hundreds of religious pilgrims hostage at the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. • About 250 people were killed and 600 wounded from this event.
Bombing of U.S. Embassy in Beirut, April 18, 1983 • 400-pound suicide truck-bomb attack on the U.S. Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon. • Sixty-three people killed and 120 were injured. • Islamic Jihad took responsibility for this event.
Bombing of Marine Barracks, Beirut, October 23, 1983 • Truck-bomb attacks American and French compounds in Beirut, Lebanon. • 12,000-pound bomb destroying America, killing 242 Americans. • 400-pound bomb destroying French, killing 58 French troops.
AchilleLauro Hijacking, October 7, 1985 • Four Palestinian Liberation terrorists took control of the Italian cruise liner in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. • More than 700 passengers on the boat. • One American passenger was killed.
Berlin Discothèque Bombing, April 5, 1986 • Libyan bomb attack on a nightclub in West Berlin, WestGermany. • Two U.S. soldiers were killed and 79 American servicemen were injured.
Pan Am 103 Bombing, December 21, 1988 • Libyan terrorists blown up Pan American Airlines Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. • The bomb believed to have been placed on the aircraft by Libyan terrorists while at Frankfurt, West Germany. • All 259 people on the plane was killed.
World Trade Center Bombing, February 26, 1993 • A car bomb planted by Islamic terrorists exploded in an underground garage of the world trade center. • The World Trade Center in New York City was badly damaged ,and 6 people dead and 1,000 injured. • UmarAbd al-Rahman, an Egyptian cleric who preached in the New York City area carried out the attack.
Saudi Military Installation Attack, November 13, 1995 • A bomb was set at Riyadh military by Islamic Movement of Change. • It killed one U.S. citizen, several foreign national employees of the United States government, and over 40 others.
Paris Subway Explosion, December 3, 1996 - A bomb exploded on a Paris subway train as it was arriving at the Port Royal station. -Killed two French nationals: a Moroccan, and a Canadian. • No one claimed responsibility for the attack, but people suspect Algerian extremists.
Attack on U.S.S. Cole, October 12, 2000 • In Aden, Yemen, an explosives rammed destroyed the U.S.S. Cole. • Killing 17 sailors and injuring 39 others. • They suspected the supporters of UsamaBin Laden.
Kidnapping of Daniel Pearl, January 23, 2002 • Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl kidnapped by armed militants in Karachi, Pakistan. • A videotape was received on February 20 depicting Pearl's murder. • Ringleader Ahmad Omar Saeed Sheikh claimed to have organized Pearl's kidnapping.
Hostage Rescue Attempt in the Philippines, June 7, 2002: • Philippine Army troops attacked Abu Sayyaf terrorists on Mindanao Island, trying to save U.S. citizen Martin Burnham and his wife Gracia. They were kidnapped over a year. • Burnham was killed, his wife, was wounded. A Filipino hostage was killed, as were four of the guerrillas and seven soldiers were wounded.
Truck Bomb Attacks in Saudi Arabia, May 12, 2003 • In Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, suicide bombers attacked three residential. • 34 dead included 9 attackers, 7 other Saudis, 9 U.S. citizens, and one citizen each from the United Kingdom, Ireland, and the Philippines. • It was the first major attack on U.S. in Saudi Arabia after the end of the war in Iraq.
Hotel Bombing in Indonesia, August 5, 2003 • In Jakarta, Indonesia, a car bomb exploded outside the Marriott Hotel that killed 10 people and injuring 150 people. • Injured people included : an American, a Canadian, an Australian, and two Chinese.
Beslan School Massacre, September 2004 • About 30 masked, heavily-armed men and women force their way into Secondary School. • 334 civilians, and 186 were school children, killed.
London Underground Bombings; July 7, 2005 • Four suicide bombings on London transportation. • Killed 52 commuters • The four suicide bombers also died, and 700 injured.
Mumbai, India, Train Bombings; July 2006 • Islamic student group in Mumbai, India attacked Seven coordinated evening rush-hour train. • Killed at least 130 people and injure 260.
Transatlantic aircraft plot; July 2006 • Tried to bomb train with liquid explosives. • Failed at bombing trains in Germany with liquid.
UK Car Bomb Attacks; June 29-30, 2007 • Jeep Cherokee driven into Glasgow, Scotland Airport trying to create a explosion. • One of the terrorist, BilalAbdullah, was a British born, Muslim doctor of Iraqi working at the Royal Alexandra Hospital. • The other terrorist, Kafeel Ahmed, an Indian Muslim engineer, which died on August 2 because of his burns.
Bibliography • http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/olympics-massacre-munich--the-real-story-524011.html • http://middleeast.about.com/od/terrorism/a/me081120b.htm • http://lebanon.usembassy.gov/about_the_embassy.html • http://www.usatoday.com/news/military/2008-10-15-beirut-barracks_N.htm • http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/achille-lauro-hijacking-ends • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1653848.stm • http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/inatl/longterm/panam103/timeline.htm • http://www.fbi.gov/news/stories/2008/february/tradebom_022608 • http://www.army.mil/terrorism/read.html • http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/9510/paris_bomb/10-17/index.html • http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/12/newsid_4252000/4252400.stm • http://articles.cnn.com/2002-02-21/world/missing.reporter_1_pakistani-province-pakistani-men-pakistani-officials?_s=PM:asiapcf • http://articles.cnn.com/2002-06-07/world/phil.hostages_1_burnham-family-rescue-attempt-rose-hill-bible-church?_s=PM:asiapcf • http://movies.nytimes.com/library/world/africa/062696binladen.html • http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,533424,00.html • http://www.yourdiscovery.com/beslan_massacre/hostage_taking/index.shtml • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/uk/2005/london_explosions/default.stm • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/5169332.stm • http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/t/terrorism/2006_transatlantic_aircraft_plot/index.html • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14677957
Terrorism Reflections -Munich Olympic Massacre is very unforgettable because for once its doesn’t really involve America in it. And also I learned that it was an terrorist attack towards middle east people, so I thought it was interesting of how that happened. Kidnapping of Daniel Pearl made me jaw drop, because I found out that he was killed for no reason. He got killed because he was a American. I feel so bad for him because he had a great life writing for a big company of newspaper and they just killed him like that, and also there are videos of him because killed. Transatlantic aircraft plot actually happened not a long time ago. I remember watching television and the news had airports shown with people in long lines. So in a way I can connect to this event, like I know what was happening. Also now a days you can’t bring any liquid onto the airplane, and they have all other rules about it. -I would like to know more about Daniel Pearl because his death is very sad. And I want to know why he was the one that got kidnapped. I have a lot of questions about him. Also I want to learn more about BeslanSchool Massacre. I know that there were a lot of child and adults killed, but I still have many questions about it. Like why did the terrorist pick that school and what really went on at that moment, and what did Germany do after that event happened. -I think all the countries that got attack needs to united and make the terrorist stop and be afraid. Do something very big to those terrorist countries that there is no way for them to stand up or get back up again.