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Public Land Policy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Public Land Policy
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  1. Public Land Policy

  2. Resource Exploitation 1865-1890 Goal--encouraged the settlement of the land Means-- Privatization Homestead Act of 1862 1872 mining law

  3. Efficiency Movement 1890-1920 Bureau of Forestry- G. Pinchot Taylor Grazing Act of 1934  Gospel of Efficiency  “Conservation is the greatest good for the greatest # of people for the longest time”

  4. Federal Reclamation Service, 1902

  5. Preservation Movement -Creation of National Park System, Antiquities Act, Fish and Wildlife Service

  6. "The man should have youth and strength who seeks adventure in the wide, waste spaces of the earth, in the marshes, and among the vast mountain masses, in the northern forests, amid the steaming jungles of the tropics, or on the desert of sand or of snow. He must long greatly for the lonely winds that blow across the wilderness, and for sunrise and sunset over the rim of the empty world." • Theodore Roosevelt

  7. Big Questions • What is land good for? • Who makes the decision? • How to balance competing values? • Role of public sector? • Role of private sector • Role of science/values

  8. Public Lands • Administered by different agencies • National Park Service (NPS) • Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) • Bureau of Land Management (BLM) in Interior • Forest Service (FS) Agriculture • Different mission • 29% of US land • 92% of lands are in 12 western states

  9. National Park Service • Most restrictive limits on usage • 77 million acres • Diverse categories of units • National Parks • National Preserves • National Monuments • Misc

  10. National Parks

  11. National Preserves Big Cypress Tallgrass Prairie Bering Land Bridge Aniakchak Caldera

  12. National Monuments Canyon de Chelly

  13. Pt. Reyes National Seashore Saratoga National Battlefield

  14. Recreation Conflict

  15. National Wildlife Refuge System • Managed by Fish and Wildlife Service • Responsibilities include • 93 million acres in 512 national wildlife refuges, • 198 waterfowl production areas, • 50 wildlife coordination areas • 114 other sites • Mission- conserve and enhance fish and wildlife and their habitats

  16. Bureau of Land Management • Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 (FLPMA) • "multiple use" • "management of the public lands and their various resource values so that they are utilized in the combination that will best meet the present and future needs of the American people."

  17. Multiple (!) Users

  18. Mining development and energy production leasing of Federal oil and gas and geothermal minerals maintaining mining claims or sites Oil shale development Livestock grazing Resource Utilization

  19. Overseeing production of oil and gas resources, geothermal resources, helium, solid minerals, coal, wind power, solar power, and minerals

  20. hunting fishing camping hiking horseback riding boating white water rafting hang gliding off-highway vehicle and pleasure driving mountain biking birding and wildlife viewing winter sports climbing visiting natural and cultural heritage sites Recreation

  21. Bureau of Land ManagementNational Management Strategy for Motorized Off-Highway Vehicle Use Bureau of Land ManagementNational Management Strategy for Motorized Off-Highway Vehicle Use Bureau of Land ManagementNational Management Strategy for Motorized Off-Highway Vehicle Use

  22. California Desert

  23. Wilderness Areas • Managed by BLM, NFS, NPS, & FWS • Designated by Congress • “an area where the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man, where man himself is a visitor who does not remain…” • Designation criteria • imprint of man’s work substantially unnoticeable • outstanding opportunities for solitude • may contain ecological, geological, other features • Use • Commercial activities prohibited • Primitive recreation only

  24. Roan Plateau, CO .

  25. National Forest Service • Motto: Caring for the Land and Serving People • area similar to Texas - 8% of U.S. land mass • Early mission: protect forest reserves from unrestrained logging • Multiple Use • Recreation vs. Timber production

  26. Overview • BLM & NFS big 2 • 60%+ public lands • Multiple Use criteria • Politically controversial

  27. Grand Staircase Escalante National Monument designated by Clinton 2000 • Utah Geological Survey- $223 -$331 billion in energy and mineral resources

  28. Forest Service- Multiple Use