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  1. BR_MAIN Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 1. Discussion 2. Background Information Montgomery Ward & Company Sears, Roebuck & Company 3. Minimum Wage

  2. Before Reading_1_1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Discussion Look at the following pictures. Talk about the pictures in small groups. And answer these questions. 1. What is happening in each picture? 2. If you want to have a part-time job, which of the following do you like best? Why? 3. Do your parents encourage you to get a part-time job? Why or why not? 4. What’s your opinion about part-time job?

  3. Before Reading_2_1.1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Montgomery Ward & Company Founder: Ward, (Aaron) Montgomery (1843-1913) • He is an American merchant who established the mail-order business that bears his name in 1872. • He was born in Chatham, New Jersey , USA in 1843 and died in Highland Park, Illinois, USA in 1913. • 3) His policy in doing business is “Satisfaction guaranteed or your money back”.

  4. Before Reading_2_1.2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Size: It has more than 500 retail stores and 700 catalog stores across the USA. Rank: It ranks as the second largest mail-order firm in the world. Important Events: • In 1872, the nation’s first mail-order house was established, providing • merchandise for a largely agricultural market. • 2) In 1926, the first retail store was established. • 3) On August 2, 1985, the first mail-order catalog in the United States, the Montgomery Ward & Company catalog, which began in 1872, was discontinued due to increasing costs.

  5. Before Reading_2_1.3 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Montgomery Ward & Company is a United States retail and mail-order concern. Across the United States the company has more than 500 retail stores and 700 catalog stores. The company was founded as a mail-order business in Chicago in 1872 by A. Montgomery Ward, who adopted the policy “Satisfaction guaranteed or your money back”. The first retail store was established in 1926. Today, Montgomery Ward & Company ranks as the second largest mail-order firm in the world. ■

  6. Before Reading_2_2.1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Sears, Roebuck & Company Sears Tower: Erected between 1970 & 1974 for Sears, Roebuck and Company, the Sears Tower opened in Chicago, Illinois; with 110 stories and 443 m/1,454 ft high, it was the world’s tallest office building until 1996.

  7. Before Reading_2_2.2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Founder: • Sears, Richard Warren (1863-1914) • In 1886, he founded his mail-order business in North • Redwood, Minnesota, U.S.A. • 2) In 1893, he joined merchant Alvah C. Roebuck to establish Sears, Roebuck & Company in Chicago, Illinois. • 3) He was born in Stewartville, Minnesota, USA in 1863 and died in Waukesha, Wisconsin, USA in 1914. Rank: It ranks as the largest mail-order firm in the world.

  8. Before Reading_2_2.3 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Sears, Roebuck & Company is the largest mail-order concern in the world. The founder of the company is Richard Warren Sears. He was born in Stewartville, Minnesota, USA in 1863 and died in Waukesha, Wisconsin USA in 1914. In 1886, he founded his mail-order business in North Redwood, Minnesota, U.S.A. Then in 1893, he joined merchant Alvah C. Roebuck to establish Sears, Roebuck & Company in Chicago, Illinois. Almost 60 years after his death, a skyscraper-Sears Tower-opened in Chicago, Illinois, which was the world’s tallest office building until 1996. ■

  9. Before Reading_3_1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Minimum Wage The London Dockers’ (码头工人) Strike in 1889 was called by men whose casual (临时) employment in the London docks exposed them to extreme poverty. As the result of the strike, their demands for a minimum wage of sixpence an hour, minimum casual employment of at least four hours, and fair overtime pay were largely met.

  10. Before Reading_3_1.1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading The minimum wage is the smallest amount of money per hour that an employer may legally pay a worker. It is fixed by law, agreement, or other means. In the United States, minimum wage laws are made by the federal government and state and municipal governments. The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, popularly known as the Federal Wage and Hour Law, established a minimum wage of 25 cents an hour. The minimum wage has since been increased by amendments to Fair Labor Standards Act in 1949, 1955, 1961, 1966, 1974, and 1977. The 1977 amendment raised the minimum wage in stages from $ 2.65 an hour in 1978 to $ 3.35 an hour by 1981. By 1991, the minimum wage reached $ 4.25 an hour. And by Sept. 1997, it had reached $ 5.15. ■

  11. Globe Reading_main Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 1. Part Division of the text 2. Further Understanding For Parts 1~2 Multiple Choice For Parts 3~5 Role Play For Parts 6 Discussion

  12. Global Reading_1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Part Division of the Text Parts Lines Main Ideas The father persuades boys to get a job. 1 1~9 The boys get a job to hand-deliver ads because of a newspaper strike. 2 10~36 The boys get into a difficult situation. 37~51 3 The boys hire others to help and the father suggests a bonus program. 4 52~83 The task is fulfilled after the boys solve the problem of their helpers’ “strike” for better pay. 5 84~100 The two youngest sons want to make money by offering “for sale or rent” their entire library. 6 101~115

  13. KEY KEY Globe Reading_2.1 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Multiple Choice 1. Father found the ad _____________. A) in the newspaper B) on the doorknob C) in the magazines D) on the bag 2. The ad _______. A) showed a way to avoid the indignity to ask for money B) offered an easy job for college students C) offered a way to make money easily by delivering ads D) taught children how to ask for money from their parents

  14. KEY KEY Globe Reading_2.2 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 3. Father advised his two college-age sons to think about taking a job because________. A) his sons had asked for too much money B) his sons asked for money without minding the indignity C) he could not support his family D) he was pained to see his sons’ response to his suggestion 4. What was Mother’s attitude towards her husband’s suggestion? A) She disliked it at all. B) She was neither for nor against it. C) She was all for it. D) She was pleased with it.

  15. KEY Globe Reading_2.3 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 5. Why were the boys overjoyed to take the job? A) Because they liked the job very much. B) Because they could visit 4,000 families. C) Because they could buy many pieces of cake. D) Because they thought they could get a lot of money with ease.

  16. Globe Reading_3 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Role Play Directions: In small groups of 5 students, students play as Father, Mother, two sons and a reporter from a local newspaper. The role play should cover the following points: • the difficulties the boys met; • the helpers they hired; • Father’s suggestion of bonus program; • the two hours’ strike; • completion and the result of the job.

  17. Globe Reading_4 Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Discussion • What caused the two youngest sons to offer their entire library “for sale or rent”? • Why does the author mention the two youngest sons’ story at the end of the passage?

  18. Article_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Two college-age boys, unaware that making money usually involves hard work, are tempted by an advertisement that promises them an easy way to earn a lot. The boys soon learn that if something seems too good to be true, it probably is.

  19. Article1_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Big Bucks the Easy Way John G. Hubbell “You ought to look into this,” I suggested to our two college-age sons. “It might be a way to avoid the indignity of having to ask for money all the time.” I handed them some magazines in a plastic bag someone had hung on our doorknob. A message printed on the bag offered leisurely, lucrative work (“Big Bucks the Easy Way!”) of delivering more such bags. “I don’t mind the indignity,” the older one answered. “I can live with it,” his brother agreed. “But it pains me,” I said, “to find that you both have been panhandling so long that it no longer embarrasses you.”

  20. Article2_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading The boys said they would look into the magazine-delivery thing. Pleased, I left town on a business trip. By midnight I was comfortably settled in a hotel room far from home. The phone rang. It was my wife. She wanted to know how my day had gone. “Great!” I enthused. “How was your day?” I inquired. “Super!” she snapped. “Just super! And it’s only getting started. Another truck just pulled up out front.” “Another truck?” “The third one this evening. The first delivered four thousand Montgomery Wards. The second brought four thousand Sears, Roebucks. I don’t know what this one has, but I’m sure it will be four thousand of something. Since you are responsible, I thought you might like to know what’s happening.”

  21. Article3_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading What I was being blamed for, it turned out, was a newspaper strike which made it necessary to hand-deliver the advertising inserts that normally are included with the Sunday paper. The company had promised our boys $600 for delivering these inserts to 4,000 houses by Sunday morning. “Piece of cake!” our older college son had shouted. “Six hundred bucks!” His brother had echoed, “And we can do the job in two hours!” “Both the Sears and Ward ads are four newspaper-size pages,” my wife informed me. “There are thirty-two thousand pages of advertising on our porch. Even as we speak, two big guys are carrying armloads of paper up the walk. What do we do about all this?” “Just tell the boys to get busy,” I instructed. “They’re college men. They’ll do what they have to do.”

  22. Article4_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading At noon the following day I returned to the hotel and found an urgent message to telephone my wife. Her voice was unnaturally high and quavering. There had been several more truckloads of ad inserts. “They’re for department stores, dime stores, drugstores, grocery stores, auto stores and so on. Some are whole magazine sections. We have hundreds of thousands, maybe millions, of pages of advertising here! They are crammed wall-to-wall all through the house in stacks taller than your oldest son. There’s only enough room for people to walk in, take one each of the eleven inserts, roll them together, slip a rubber band around them and slide them into a plastic bag. We have enough plastic bags to supply every takeout restaurant in America!” Her voice kept rising, as if working its way out of the range of the human ear. “All this must be delivered by seven o’clock Sunday morning.” “Well, you had better get those guys banding and sliding as fast as they can, and I’ll talk to you later. Got a lunch date.”

  23. Article5_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading When I returned, there was another urgent call from my wife. “Did you have a nice lunch?” she asked sweetly. I had had a marvelous steak, but knew better by now than to say so. “Awful,” I reported. “Some sort of sour fish. Eel, I think.” “Good. Your college sons have hired their younger brothers and sisters and a couple of neighborhood children to help for five dollars each. Assembly lines have been set up. In the language of diplomacy, there is ’movement.’ ” “That’s encouraging.” “No, it’s not,” she corrected. “It’s very discouraging. They’ve been at it for hours. Plastic bags have been filled and piled to the ceiling, but all this hasn’t made a dent, not a dent, in the situation! It’s almost as if the inserts keep reproducing themselves!” “Another thing,” she continued. “Your college sons must learn that one does not get the best out of employees by threatening them with bodily harm.”

  24. Article6_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Obtaining an audience with son No. 1, I snarled, “I’ll kill you if you threaten one of those kids again! Idiot! You should be offering a bonus of a dollar every hour to the worker who fills the most bags.” “But that would cut into our profit,” he suggested. “There won’t be any profit unless those kids enable you to make all the deliveries on time. If they don’t, you two will have to remove all that paper by yourselves. And there will be no eating or sleeping until it is removed.” There was a short, thoughtful silence. Then he said, “Dad, you have just worked a profound change in my personality.” “Do it!” “Yes, sir!”

  25. Article7_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading By the following evening, there was much for my wife to report. The bonus program had worked until someone demanded to see the color of cash. Then some activist on the work force claimed that the workers had no business settling for $5 and a few competitive bonuses while the bosses collected hundreds of dollars each. The organizer had declared that all the workers were entitled to $5 per hour! They would not work another minute until the bosses agreed. The strike lasted less than two hours. In mediation, the parties agreed on $2 per hour. Gradually, the huge stacks began to shrink. As it turned out, the job was completed three hours before Sunday’s 7 a.m. deadline. By the time I arrived home, the boys had already settled their accounts: $150 in labor costs, $40 for gasoline, and a like amount for gifts — boxes of candy

  26. Article8_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading for saintly neighbors who had volunteered station wagons and help in delivery and a dozen roses for their mother. This left them with $185 each — about two-thirds the minimum wage for the 91 hours they worked. Still, it was “enough“, as one of them put it, to enable them to “avoid indignity” for quite a while. All went well for some weeks. Then one Saturday morning my attention was drawn to the odd goings-on of our two youngest sons. They kept carrying carton after carton from various corners of the house out the front door to curbside. I assumed their mother had enlisted them to remove junk for a trash pickup. Then I overheard them discussing finances. “Geez, we’re going to make a lot of money!” “We’re going to be rich!” Investigation revealed that they were offering “for sale or rent” our entire library.

  27. Article9_S Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading “No! No!” I cried. “You can’t sell our books!” “Geez, Dad, we thought you were done with them!” “You’re never ’done’ with books,” I tried to explain. “Sure you are. You read them, and you’re done with them. That’s it. Then you might as well make a little money from them. We wanted to avoid the indignity of having to ask you for ...”

  28. Article1_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Big Bucks the Easy Way John G. Hubbell “You ought to look into this,” I suggested to our two college-age sons. “It might be a way to avoid the indignity of having to ask for money all the time.” I handed them some magazines in a plastic bag someone had hung on our doorknob. A message printed on the bag offered leisurely, lucrative work (“Big Bucks the Easy Way!”) of delivering more such bags. “I don’t mind the indignity,” the older one answered. “I can live with it,” his brother agreed. “But it pains me,” I said, “to find that you both have been panhandling so long that it no longer embarrasses you.”

  29. Article2_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading The boys said they would look into the magazine-delivery thing. Pleased, I left town on a business trip. By midnight I was comfortably settled in a hotel room far from home. The phone rang. It was my wife. She wanted to know how my day had gone. “Great!” I enthused. “How was your day?” I inquired. “Super!” she snapped. “Just super! And it’s only getting started. Another truck just pulled up out front.” “Another truck?” “The third one this evening. The first delivered four thousand Montgomery Wards. The second brought four thousand Sears, Roebucks. I don’t know what this one has, but I’m sure it will be four thousand of something. Since you are responsible, I thought you might like to know what’s happening.”

  30. Article4_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading At noon the following day I returned to the hotel and found an urgent message to telephone my wife. Her voice was unnaturally high and quavering. There had been several more truckloads of ad inserts. “They’re for department stores, dime stores, drugstores, grocery stores, auto stores and so on. Some are whole magazine sections. We have hundreds of thousands, maybe millions, of pages of advertising here! They are crammed wall-to-wall all through the house in stacks taller than your oldest son. There’s only enough room for people to walk in, take one each of the eleven inserts, roll them together, slip a rubber band around them and slide them into a plastic bag. We have enough plastic bags to supply every takeout restaurant in America!” Her voice kept rising, as if working its way out of the range of the human ear. “All this must be delivered by seven o’clock Sunday morning.” “Well, you had better get those guys banding and sliding as fast as they can, and I’ll talk to you later. Got a lunch date.”

  31. Article3_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading What I was being blamed for, it turned out, was a newspaper strike which made it necessary to hand-deliver the advertising inserts that normally are included with the Sunday paper. The company had promised our boys $600 for delivering these inserts to 4,000 houses by Sunday morning. “Piece of cake!” our older college son had shouted. “Six hundred bucks!” His brother had echoed, “And we can do the job in two hours!” “Both the Sears and Ward ads are four newspaper-size pages,” my wife informed me. “There are thirty-two thousand pages of advertising on our porch. Even as we speak, two big guys are carrying armloads of paper up the walk. What do we do about all this?” “Just tell the boys to get busy,” I instructed. “They’re college men. They’ll do what they have to do.”

  32. Article5_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading When I returned, there was another urgent call from my wife. “Did you have a nice lunch?” she asked sweetly. I had had a marvelous steak, but knew better by now than to say so. “Awful,” I reported. “Some sort of sour fish. Eel, I think.” “Good. Your college sons have hired their younger brothers and sisters and a couple of neighborhood children to help for five dollars each. Assembly lines have been set up. In the language of diplomacy, there is ’movement.’ ” “That’s encouraging.” “No, it’s not,” she corrected. “It’s very discouraging. They’ve been at it for hours. Plastic bags have been filled and piled to the ceiling, but all this hasn’t made a dent, not a dent, in the situation! It’s almost as if the inserts keep reproducing themselves!” “Another thing,” she continued. “Your college sons must learn that one does not get the best out of employees by threatening them with bodily harm.”

  33. Article6_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Obtaining an audience with son No. 1, I snarled, “I’ll kill you if you threaten one of those kids again! Idiot! You should be offering a bonus of a dollar every hour to the worker who fills the most bags.” “But that would cut into our profit,” he suggested. “There won’t be any profit unless those kids enable you to make all the deliveries on time. If they don’t, you two will have to remove all that paper by yourselves. And there will be no eating or sleeping until it is removed.” There was a short, thoughtful silence. Then he said, “Dad, you have just worked a profound change in my personality.” “Do it!” “Yes, sir!”

  34. Article7_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading By the following evening, there was much for my wife to report. The bonus program had worked until someone demanded to see the color of cash. Then some activist on the work force claimed that the workers had nobusinesssettling for $5 and a few competitive bonuses while the bosses collected hundreds of dollars each. The organizer had declared that all the workers were entitled to $5 per hour! They would not work another minute until the bosses agreed. The strike lasted less than two hours. In mediation, the parties agreed on $2 per hour. Gradually, the huge stacks began to shrink. As it turned out, the job was completed three hours before Sunday’s 7 a.m. deadline. By the time I arrived home, the boys had already settled their accounts: $150 in labor costs, $40 for gasoline, and a like amount for gifts — boxes of candy

  35. Article8_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading for saintly neighbors who had volunteered station wagons and help in delivery and a dozen roses for their mother. This left them with $185 each — about two-thirds the minimum wage for the 91 hours they worked. Still, it was “enough“, as one of them put it, to enable them to “avoid indignity” for quite a while. All went well for some weeks. Then one Saturday morning my attention was drawn to the odd goings-on of our two youngest sons. They kept carrying carton after carton from various corners of the house out the front door to curbside. I assumed their mother had enlisted them to remove junk for a trash pickup. Then I overheard them discussing finances. “Geez, we’re going to make a lot of money!” “We’re going to be rich!” Investigation revealed that they were offering “for sale or rent” our entire library.

  36. Article9_W Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading “No! No!” I cried. “You can’t sell our books!” “Geez, Dad, we thought you were done with them!” “You’re never ’done’ with books,” I tried to explain. “Sure you are. You read them, and you’re done with them. That’s it. Then you might as well make a little money from them. We wanted to avoid the indignity of having to ask you for ...”

  37. Article1_S_pop_ I can live with it… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading 1. Do you think these two “it”s have the same meaning? Big Bucks the Easy Way John G. Hubbell No. 2. If not, what do they refer to respectively? “You ought to look into this,” I suggested to our two college-age sons. “It might be a way to avoid the indignity of having to ask for money all the time.” I handed them some magazines in a plastic bag someone had hung on our doorknob. A message printed on the bag offered leisurely, lucrative work (“Big Bucks the Easy Way!”) of delivering more such bags. The first “it” refers to “indignity” while the second all the words after “said” in this sentence. “I don’t mind the indignity,” the older one answered. “I can live with it,” his brother agreed. “But it pains me,” I said, “to find that you both have been panhandling so long that it no longer embarrasses you.”

  38. Article2_S_pop_Super… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading The boys said they would look into the magazine-delivery thing. Pleased, I left town on a business trip. By midnight I was comfortably settled in a hotel room far from home. The phone rang. It was my wife. She wanted to know how my day had gone. “Great!” I enthused. “How was your day?” I inquired. “Super!” she snapped. “Just super! And it’s only getting started. Another truck just pulled up out front.” “Another truck?” What can we infer from this word “snapped”? Since “snap” means “say sharply”, it makes it clear that she was saying this in an ironical tone. As a matter of fact, her day was just awful. “The third one this evening. The first delivered four thousand Montgomery Wards. The second brought four thousand Sears, Roebucks. I don’t know what this one has, but I’m sure it will be four thousand of something. Since you are responsible, I thought you might like to know what’s happening.”

  39. Article4_S_pop_Her voice… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading At noon the following day I returned to the hotel and found an urgent message to telephone my wife. Her voice was unnaturally high and quavering. There had been several more truckloads of ad inserts. “They’re for department stores, dime stores, drugstores, grocery stores, auto stores and so on. Some are whole magazine sections. We have hundreds of thousands, maybe millions, of pages of advertising here! They are crammed wall-to-wall all through the house in stacks taller than your oldest son. There’s only enough room for people to walk in, take one each of the eleven inserts, roll them together, slip a rubber band around them and slide them into a plastic bag. We have enough plastic bags to supply every takeout restaurant in America!” Her voice kept rising, as if working its way out of the range of the human ear. “All this must be delivered by seven o’clock Sunday morning.” “Well, you had better get those guys banding and sliding as fast as they can, and I’ll talk to you later. Got a lunch date.” 1. Do you think man can hear any sound? No. 2. If not, at what frequencies can sound be heard by human beings? It’s said man can hear sounds with frequencies between 16 cps (cycles per second) and 20,000 cps. 3. Translate the sentence into Chinese. 她越讲声音越响, 几乎震耳欲聋。

  40. Article4_S_pop_Got … Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading At noon the following day I returned to the hotel and found an urgent message to telephone my wife. Her voice was unnaturally high and quavering. There had been several more truckloads of ad inserts. “They’re for department stores, dime stores, drugstores, grocery stores, auto stores and so on. Some are whole magazine sections. We have hundreds of thousands, maybe millions, of pages of advertising here! They are crammed wall-to-wall all through the house in stacks taller than your oldest son. There’s only enough room for people to walk in, take one each of the eleven inserts, roll them together, slip a rubber band around them and slide them into a plastic bag. We have enough plastic bags to supply every takeout restaurant in America!” Her voice kept rising, as if working its way out of the range of the human ear. “All this must be delivered by seven o’clock Sunday morning.” “Well, you had better get those guys banding and sliding as fast as they can, and I’ll talk to you later. Got a lunch date.” 1. What’s the meaning of this sentence? I have got a lunch appointment with others. 2. Why does “Father” say so? Because he didn’t want to have a talk with his wife any longer then.

  41. Article5_S_pop_Did… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading When I returned, there was another urgent call from my wife. “Did you have a nice lunch?” she asked sweetly. I had had a marvelous steak, but knew better by now than to say so. “Awful,” I reported. “Some sort of sour fish. Eel, I think.” “Good. Your college sons have hired their younger brothers and sisters and a couple of neighborhood children to help for five dollars each. Assembly lines have been set up. In the language of diplomacy, there is ’movement.’ ” “That’s encouraging.” “No, it’s not,” she corrected. “It’s very discouraging. They’ve been at it for hours. Plastic bags have been filled and piled to the ceiling, but all this hasn’t made a dent, not a dent, in the situation! It’s almost as if the inserts keep reproducing themselves!” “Another thing,” she continued. “Your college sons must learn that one does not get the best out of employees by threatening them with bodily harm.” 1. Do you think his wife was happy when she asked this question? Absolutely not. 2. If not, why does the writer use the word “sweetly”? In spite of the fact that the wife suffered a lot at home, she sounded sweetly because she thought if she did so her husband might tell her the truth.

  42. Article6_S_pop_Obtaining… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Obtaining an audience with son No. 1, I snarled, “I’ll kill you if you threaten one of those kids again! Idiot! You should be offering a bonus of a dollar every hour to the worker who fills the most bags.” 1. Paraphrase this part. Getting a chance to talk to my oldest son. 2. What can we infer from the word “obtaining” and “No. 1” here? “But that would cut into our profit,” he suggested. “There won’t be any profit unless those kids enable you to make all the deliveries on time. If they don’t, you two will have to remove all that paper by yourselves. And there will be no eating or sleeping until it is removed.” There was a short, thoughtful silence. Then he said, “Dad, you have just worked a profound change in my personality.” “Do it!” “Yes, sir!” From “obtaining” we can know that his oldest son was reluctant to talk on the phone. Then from “No. 1” we can guess that the oldest son is the most important person in the delivery business in the household for the time being since “No. 1” means “the chief person in an organization.”

  43. KEY Article6_S_pop_There… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Obtaining an audience with son No. 1, I snarled, “I’ll kill you if you threaten one of those kids again! Idiot! You should be offering a bonus of a dollar every hour to the worker who fills the most bags.” Which of the following can be inferred from this sentence? A) He was unhappy because his father criticized him. B) He disagreed with his father but as a son he could only keep silence. C) He was a boy who always followed what his father said. D) He was a boy who knew his own mind. “But that would cut into our profit,” he suggested. “There won’t be any profit unless those kids enable you to make all the deliveries on time. If they don’t, you two will have to remove all that paper by yourselves. And there will be no eating or sleeping until it is removed.” There was a short, thoughtful silence. Then he said, “Dad, you have just worked a profound change in my personality.” “Do it!” “Yes, sir!”

  44. Article6_S_pop_Dad… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Obtaining an audience with son No. 1, I snarled, “I’ll kill you if you threaten one of those kids again! Idiot! You should be offering a bonus of a dollar every hour to the worker who fills the most bags.” 1. Do you think the words “work” in these two sentences have the same meaning? No. 2. If not, what do they mean respectively? “But that would cut into our profit,” he suggested. “There won’t be any profit unless those kids enable you to make all the deliveries on time. If they don’t, you two will have to remove all that paper by yourselves. And there will be no eating or sleeping until it is removed.” There was a short, thoughtful silence. Then he said, “Dad, you have just worked a profound change in my personality.” “Do it!” “Yes, sir!” The first one is a transitive verb, meaning “produce, bring about, cause” while the second one is an intransitive verb, meaning “ be effective, have the desired outcome”. More examples: The two-month military training has worked a change in his living habits. It’s no good trying that method, because it won’t work.

  45. Article8_S_pop_Still… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading for saintly neighbors who had volunteered station wagons and help in delivery and a dozen roses for their mother. This left them with $185 each — about two-thirds the minimum wage for the 91 hours they worked. Still, it was “enough“, as one of them put it, to enable them to “avoid indignity” for quite a while. for saintly neighbors who had volunteered station wagons and help in delivery and a dozen roses for their mother. This left them with $185 each — about two-thirds the minimum wage for the 91 hours they worked. Still, it was “enough“, as one of them put it, to enable them to “avoid indignity” for quite a while. 1. Paraphrase this sentence. Although $ 185 was not much considering the long hours they worked, it was “enough” to enable them to “avoid (the) indignity” of asking their parents for money for a considerable period of time, as one of the boys said. 2. Translate it into Chinese. 虽然如此,可正如一个儿子所说, 那还是“足够”他们花一阵子,使他们“避免那种有失尊严的事。” All went well for some weeks. Then one Saturday morning my attention was drawn to the odd goings-on of our two youngest sons. They kept carrying carton after carton from various corners of the house out the front door to curbside. I assumed their mother had enlisted them to remove junk for a trash pickup. Then I overheard them discussing finances. “Geez, we’re going to make a lot of money!” “We’re going to be rich!” Investigation revealed that they were offering “for sale or rent” our entire library.

  46. Article9_S_pop_We… Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading “No! No!” I cried. “You can’t sell our books!” “Geez, Dad, we thought you were done with them!” “You’re never ’done’ with books,” I tried to explain. “Sure you are. You read them, and you’re done with them. That’s it. Then you might as well make a little money from them. We wanted to avoid the indignity of having to ask you for ...” 1. What is the last word his two youngest sons didn’t speak out? Money. 2. Considering what his two college-age sons say (in LL. 6~7), what can we infer from this sentence? What we can infer from the sentence are as follows: 1. The two youngest sons have learnt a lot from what their elder brothers did. They also want to be independent. 2. The author just wants to tell readers making money by doing some extra work is good for college students. 3. The two youngest sons are too naive to know life.

  47. Article1_W_leisurely Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Big Bucks the Easy Way John G. Hubbell leisurely: adj. (moving, acting, or done) without haste When he lived in that city, he used to take a leisurely walk with his wife before supper. “You ought to look into this,” I suggested to our two college-age sons. “It might be a way to avoid the indignity of having to ask for money all the time.” I handed them some magazines in a plastic bag someone had hung on our doorknob. A message printed on the bag offered leisurely, lucrative work (“Big Bucks the Easy Way!”) of delivering more such bags. 我父亲喜欢从容不迫地做每件事。 My father prefers to do everything in a leisurely manner. NB: 1. 有的-ly结尾的词不是副词,而是形容词,常见的有: friendly, lovely, lonely, likely, ugly, deadly, cowardly, silly, comradely,brotherly, earthly, scholarly等。 2.有的-ly结尾的词既是副词又是形容词,常见的有: daily, weekly, monthly, yearly, early, manly, cleanly, deadly等。 He spoke to me in a very friendly way. “I don’t mind the indignity,” the older one answered. “I can live with it,” his brother agreed. “But it pains me,” I said, “to find that you both have been panhandling so long that it no longer embarrasses you.” Take a coat along; it’s likely to be cold down there. A daily paper is published daily. He is our deadly enemy.

  48. Article1_W_pains Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading Big Bucks the Easy Way John G. Hubbell pain: vt.cause physical pain or mental suffering to It pained the mother to watch her son suffering. “You ought to look into this,” I suggested to our two college-age sons. “It might be a way to avoid the indignity of having to ask for money all the time.” I handed them some magazines in a plastic bag someone had hung on our doorknob. A message printed on the bag offered leisurely, lucrative work (“Big Bucks the Easy Way!”) of delivering more such bags. It pains me to have to say this, but you can no longer be trusted. “I don’t mind the indignity,” the older one answered. “I can live with it,” his brother agreed. “But it pains me,” I said, “to find that you both have been panhandling so long that it no longer embarrasses you.”

  49. Article2_W_delivery Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading The boys said they would look into the magazine-delivery thing. Pleased, I left town on a business trip. By midnight I was comfortably settled in a hotel room far from home. The phone rang. It was my wife. She wanted to know how my day had gone. “Great!” I enthused. “How was your day?” I inquired. “Super!” she snapped. “Just super! And it’s only getting started. Another truck just pulled up out front.” “Another truck?” delivery: n.the act of delivering (letters, goods, etc.) This department store makes prompt delivery. 邮递员负责把信件送到我们家。 Postmen are responsible for the delivery of letters to our houses. Collocation: accept delivery 收货 make a delivery 送货 “The third one this evening. The first delivered four thousand Montgomery Wards. The second brought four thousand Sears, Roebucks. I don’t know what this one has, but I’m sure it will be four thousand of something. Since you are responsible, I thought you might like to know what’s happening.” take delivery 提货 special / express delivery 特快专递 prompt delivery 迅速交货 on delivery 送货时 delivery to sb. / a place 送货到某人 / 某地

  50. Article2_W_settle Before Reading Global Reading Detailed Reading After Reading The boys said they would look into the magazine-delivery thing. Pleased, I left town on a business trip. By midnight I was comfortably settled in a hotel room far from home. The phone rang. It was my wife. She wanted to know how my day had gone. “Great!” I enthused. “How was your day?” I inquired. “Super!” she snapped. “Just super! And it’s only getting started. Another truck just pulled up out front.” “Another truck?” settle: vt.place in a comfortable position; start living in The baby was comfortably settled in his cradle. 许多中国人已经在美国定居了。 Many Chinese people have settled down in the United States. After lunch, the old man settled himself comfortably in his armchair for a nap. Collocation: settle down 定居;安定下来专心做 “The third one this evening. The first delivered four thousand Montgomery Wards. The second brought four thousand Sears, Roebucks. I don’t know what this one has, but I’m sure it will be four thousand of something. Since you are responsible, I thought you might like to know what’s happening.” settle for 满足于 settle in / into (帮助)……迁入新居, 从事新的工作 settle on / upon 选定 settle up 清偿,付清;了结 settle one’s account 结帐