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Introductions and Conclusions

Introductions and Conclusions

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Introductions and Conclusions

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  1. Introductions and Conclusions

  2. Purpose of an introduction • Obviously, to introduce your topic/thesis • As a “hook” to grab your reader • Real life: Internet, magazine articles, news articles MUST grab enough attention that the reader continues to read

  3. Many possibilities • Classic reverse triangle, “funnel” which moves from general topic to more specific thesis • What is life all about, anyway? Boys marooned on an island deal with problems all must face: survival, resentments, social rivalries, struggles for power. The ways in which they cope with these problems develop the theme of the novel The Lord of the Flies: man is at root evil, no matter how innocent he may appear.

  4. Relate your topic to a current issue, problem or event • A potential suicide bomber brags he was planning to blow up bombs in the middle of Times Square in New York city, killing at least 40 people. He is proud to be planning such mass violence. Where do such attitudes come from? How can anyone want to kill so callously? Golding, in The Lord of the Flies, attempts to answer this question, communicating through the novel’s ending and the development of its characters, the theme that man is basically evil.

  5. Begin with a startling statement that will shock your reader into curiosity about your paper • A murder occurs in the US on the average of every 8 seconds—and 45% are committed by kids under 18. Golding explains this kind of behavior through the theme of his novel, The Lord of the Flies: man is just at root evil, and children are no exception.

  6. Begin with a relevant quotation that will hook your readers • “Fancy thinking the beast was something you could kill,” says the beast to Simon in the novel, The Lord of the Flies. Simon realizes that the beast, the embodiment of evil, is really within the boys themselves, communicating Golding’s theme that man is basically evil.

  7. Begin with a short narrative illustration of your topic or thesis • Two young girls wait patiently for the mother of the older. When she comes out into the garden to call them to lunch, they casually pick up two heavy stones and proceed to bash her head, again and again and again until she dies calling out their names in agony. With real incidents such as this one, is it any wonder Golding comes to the conclusion that man is basically evil and uses his novel,The Lord of the Flies, to communicate this theme?